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With Illustrations. Twelve Shillings net 

"Sir William Treloar has created a wonder- 
fully human portrait of a very much dis- 
cussed historical character. His portrait 
is by no means done in whitewash, but 
he seeks to justify and explain many of the 
things which historians of the City of 
London have condemned in Wilkes' life 
and personality. ... It is a book which 
you cannot help enjoying." The Tatler. 

. A 







LORD MAYOR 1738-9 












WHEN, in 1881, I became a member of the Corpora- 
tion, I had no idea of becoming Lord Mayor of London. 
If I had possessed such an ambition I might probably 
have become an Alderman in 1882 and the Lord 
Mayor in 1887, for I think I should have beaten 
Mr. De Keyser in the election for Alderman at that 

I should say that very few men who join the Cor- 
poration, on what is called the " floor of the Court," 
do so with any idea of eventually becoming Lord 
Mayor. Whereas, those who join the Corporation as 
Aldermen know that they must, if they live, occupy 
the position at some time. 

In the Corporation, one need not begin at the 
beginning which is a pity. An apprenticeship is 
always a good thing in any walk of life ; this is recog- 
nised more by Labour than by others. You must 
serve an apprenticeship to be a carpenter or a brick- 
layer ; but need not do so if you want to be a peer, a 
politician, or even a statesman. 

My year of office was a very interesting one for me. 
I entertained monarchs, princes, premiers, and other 
notable people; I presided at many grand and im- 
portant functions, both at the Guildhall and the 
Mansion House, and much enjoyed the experience 
and appreciated the many honours I received. 



But there is nothing that pleased me more, nothing 
I prize more amongst all those tributes, than the 
receipt of the Freedom of the Borough of Helston, in 

Monarchs come to the Guildhall and monarchs go, 
and the mere fact that I happened by a lucky chance 
to be Lord Mayor when such great visits and events 
took place is, after all, something in the nature of a 
fluke. It might have happened to someone else my 
immediate predecessor or successor; but to be given 
the Freedom of dear little Helston (the home of my 
fathers), in the quaint and ancient guildhall there, is 
something more humanly rich to me, if I may say so. 
Mind, I am not running down the glorious things 
which occurred to me at the other Guildhall not at 
all. I am pleased and proud about them also; but 
there was something of home about Helston. 

I had a regular royal progress through the Duchy 
of Cornwall for three days, and both Helston and 
Truro honoured me with their Freedom. 

As to Helston, the people there went mad with 
delight as I danced the Furry dance through the hilly 
streets. I remember how, on the 8th of May, 1907, 
men and women stopped me in my dancing course 
and gave me small sums of money silver and copper 
with a squeeze of the hand, and the words " for 
the little cripples " and a " God bless 'ee ! " 

When I first thought of publishing this diary I 
naturally searched to find out whether such a book had 
ever before been written by a Lord Mayor. I cannot 
find that it has, with the exception of that of Micajah 
Perry, Lord Mayor 1738-1739, and this I have given 
in full as an appendix to this work. It suggests 
certain interesting comparisons. 


It is curious that no other Lord Mayor has left an 
account of his year of office. It would have been 
very interesting to read now such a book, no matter 
in what century it was written. Think what a flood 
of light might have been thrown on social, historical, 
and political events by such a record ! There is in 
the Guildhall Library a Diary of a Sheriff, Richard 
Hoare, written in 1740, and curiously interesting it is 
to one who knows the customs and traditions of the 
City; but although he afterwards was Lord Mayor in 
1745, he left no record of his mayoralty. 

Micaiah (or, as he wrote his name, Micajah) Perry 
was a merchant residing in St. Mary Axe, in the Ward 
of Aldgate. He was elected Alderman on the 24th 
of February, 1728, and, almost at the same time 
became Master of the Worshipful Company of Haber- 
dashers. In the previous October (1727) he was 
elected one of the three Whig Members of Parliament 
for the City, the fourth being a Tory. 

He served the office of Sheriff in 1734-1735, and 
on Michaelmas Day, 1738, was elected Lord Mayor, 
assuming office on the 28th of October following, 
when he was forty- three years old. He lost his wife 
on the icth of October, 1738, and he lost his seat in 
the House of Commons at the General Election in 
1741 perhaps because he had the support of the 
Dissenters, although he was then the Ministerial 
candidate. He was never knighted, probably because 
up to 1741 he had persistently voted against Walpole 
and the Government. 

He was Colonel of the Orange Regiment 1738-1745. 
The City Train Bands were then divided into regi- 
ments distinguished by colours, the territorial limits 


of the Orange Regiment coinciding with my own 
Ward of Farringdon Without. 

He surrendered his office of Alderman in November, 
1 746, on account of ill-health, and at the same Court 
his brethren voted him two hundred pounds per 
annum, which payment was continued until he died 
in January, 1753. His ill-health is evident from the 
fact that the document was signed with his mark, and 
witnessed by Sir John Bosworth, the City Chamber- 
lain, and Ann Cocke, a relative of his deceased wife. 

I cannot discover the cause of the change in Perry's 
circumstances ; but I find that on the 2nd of December, 
1746, the Chamberlain acquainted the Court " that 
Micajah Perry, Esq., late Alderman of the Ward of 
Aldgate, desired him to return his most humble and 
hearty thanks for their generous and kind concern 
for him and for the seasonable support they have 
given him in his present necessity." 

The family of Perry must have been well-to-do at 
one time, as is evidenced by a notice in a contem- 
porary newspaper, announcing the marriage of a 
Mr. Cade to Miss Perry, sister of Mr. Alderman Perry, 
a young lady of 10,000 fortune. 

There is a fine full-length portrait of Perry in 
his official robes at Haberdashers' Hall. 

On the 28th of October, the day Perry left office, 
he records that, " The day being Sunday, no ladies 
were invited, and I only entertained the Aldermen 
above the Chair, the Officers of Guildhall, and the 
Haberdashers' Company." Apparently, after paying 
this easy tribute to their true Sabbatarian instincts, 
the gentlemen contentedly enjoyed their dinners as 
well as they could without the ladies. 

Three days before he left office he laid the chief 


corner-stone of the present Mansion House. It seems 
to have been a very quiet affair. He says, " After 
attending adjourned Quarter Sessions at Guildhall 
Violet I afterwards put on the Scarlet Gown, and 
went to Stocks Market, attended by several Gentle- 
men of the Committee appointed to erect a Mansion 
House for the Lord Mayor of this City in their Gowns, 
preceded by the City Musick and my Officers with the 
Sunday Sword and Mace, and laid the chief corner 
stone of the said Mansion House, and placed therein 
a copper plate with an inscription engraved thereon, 
and afterwards returned home." 

Before 1753 the Aldermen and other wealthy 
citizens lived over or near their business premises, 
and the private residence of the Lord Mayor became 
the Mansion House during his mayoralty. The halls 
of the City Companies were lent to the Lord Mayor 
when required, and he was also allowed to use the 
stables. This latter courtesy was continued after the 
Mansion House was built. 

As far back as 1670 it was thought that there 
should be an official residence for London's Chief 
Magistrate, and in 1 734 it was decided that a Mansion 
House should be erected ; and the first stone was laid 
by Lord Mayor Perry in 1739. 

The foundation work was difficult and tedious ; the 
site is close to the Wall-brook, and piling was found 
to be necessary. When the building was finished, 
dry rot appeared in the large beams of the roof to the 
Egyptian Hall, and in 1793 it was moved in the 
Court of Common Council that a Committee should 
consider the erection of a new building " instead of 
a general repair and alterations to the present 


Certain alterations have been made since the 
building was erected. The side porch was not built 
to the private entrance on the west side until a much 
later date. An attic story, called the Mayor's Nest, 
existed over the Egyptian Hall (so named, I am told, 
after the Egyptian Hall described by Vitruvius) and 
another over the ball-room; but they were removed 
in consequence of dry rot; and a fine state staircase 
from the principal floor to the first floor has alsobeen 
removed. There was an open courtyard at the level 
of the first or principal floor. This was entirely sur- 
rounded by the building, and a short open colonnade 
was formed at the entrance to the Egyptian Hall. 
The steps and railings in front were altered, and the 
width of the public way was considerably increased. 

The illustration shown is taken from a rare print 
in the possession of my friend, Sir William Soulsby.* 

The first Lord Mayor who occupied the Mansion 
House was Sir Crisp Gascoyne, in 1753, one of the 
ancestors of the Salisbury family. 

Perry was buried in Epsom churchyard, presum- 
ably in the same grave as his wife. The inscription 
on her grave reads as follows : 

" Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth, late wife of Micajah 
Perry, Esq., daughter of Richard and Mrs. Ann Cocke, who 
was possessed of many great and good qualities. . . . She lived 
many years in this parish, and died 10 Oct., 1738, in the 39th 
year of her age." 

It will be observed that she died eighteen days 
before he entered on the duties of Lord Mayor. 

* If Sir William Soulsby some day gives us his recollections of 
the Mansion House, how interesting they will be ! Fancy his 
opinions and criticisms upon the forty-four Lord Mayors under 
whom he has served as private secretary so faithfully and well ! 


I don't think that Lord Mayor Perry in 1738 had 
such a good time as I had in 1906. In one thing he 
had the advantage of me : he was but forty-three years 
old, whereas I was sixty-three. But I do not think 
I was an old sixty-three, and I fancy he was not a 
very young forty-three. 

The traditional idea or opinion used to be that 
Lord Mayors and Aldermen were men who ate and 
drank more than was good for them. Most certainly 
that is not the case now, nor was it in 1906. 

According to Perry's diary, he did not attend any- 
thing like the number of dinners, luncheons, and 
suppers that I did; but I fancy the men of two hun- 
dred years ago fed more heartily, and drank more 
heavily than we of this generation. 

After all, it is not where you dine so much as how 
you dine that tells. I can safely say that the Alder- 
men of to-day are very abstemious, and even careful 
livers. I know that when I was in the Chair I carefully 
refrained from taking meat; I drank no spirits and 
only took one sort of wine at my meals. I do not 
smoke. I observed careful rules in other respects; 
and so it is, I think, with all of my brethren. The 
fact is, we know more on this subject than did the 
men who lived two hundred years ago. 

We are not like the woman who told the Board 
School mistress that she did not wish her little girl 
to be taught so much about her stomach, as she 
thought it was rude to talk of the inside. 

It does not appear that Perry could have spent so 
much money during his year of office as we modern 
Lord Mayors are obliged to do. He was paid, as was 
then the custom, by fees, which probably amounted 
to about 5,000, jioo of which was derived from the 



profits of Bartholomew Fair ; when the Fair ceased to 
be profitable two Freedoms of the City, valued at 
25 a piece, were granted as compensation for the 
100, as the facsimile below testifies. 

He had no Mansion House to keep up with its many 
servants and other daily expenses. Apparently there 
were very few settled formal dinners or luncheons, 
and not so many charity appeals and meetings. The 
practice of going into the London markets to beg 

food for charities and the poor, as he did, has passed 
away, I am inclined to think, happily. 

There was, apparently, not a great Show on the 
28th of October, which was the date of the Lord 
Mayor's Show then, and it was not a hired Show as 
it is at present. The Aldermen, Sheriffs, and Guilds 
attended in their own barges, with the Lord Mayor, 
and were rowed from Three Cranes Wharf to West- 
minster. It must have been a pretty sight, and I 
wish we made more such use of our dear historic 
Thames. After all that dignity and pageantry, the 
annual junketing trip on the Maria Wood was rather 


like a poor harlequinade. In the evening there was 
a dinner at Guildhall. 

I am indebted to the Rev. A. B. Beaven's excellent 
work upon the Aldermen of the City of London for 
some of the facts in this notice. I also owe thanks to 
my friend Mr. Deputy Bull and the members of the 
Library Committee for permission to copy documents. 
My friend Mr. Bernard Kettle, the Librarian, has 
also assisted me greatly in my searches, and I should 
like to record my opinion of him as a most excellent, 
able, and ever courteous Librarian, and a good friend. 

Other times, other manners and, it will have been 
seen, there was a very different City of London in 
George II.'s reign. 

Smollett described London then as an " overgrown 
monster; which, like a dropsical head, will in time 
leave the body and extremities without nourishment 
or support. The tide of luxury has swept all the 
inhabitants from the open country, the poorest squire 
as well as the richest peer must have his house in 
town, and make a figure with an extraordinary 
number of domestics. . . . There are many causes 
that contribute to the daily increase of this enormous 
mass; but they may be all resolved into the grand 
source of luxury and corruption." 

This criticism is somewhat like that to which we 
are often treated now; but just fancy the difference in 
the traffic in the streets then and now ! Swift motor- 
cars and trolleys, buses, and trams block the streets 
and are everywhere; whereas then gilt coaches, drawn 
by four horses, hackney carriages, and carts, were 
the means of locomotion, and there was little or no 
suburban traffic. 


The evidence given before the Select Committee on 
Traffic by Sir W. J. Nott Bower, Commissioner of 
the City Police, is very revealing and significant : 
30,934 vehicles passed the Mansion House on the 
26th of November, 1912, proceeding as follows: 

From King William Street . . . . . . 5,756 

,, Cornhill . . . . . . . . 3,365 

,, Threadneedle Street . . . . . . 5,972 

,, Princes Street . . . . . . . . 4,038 

,, Poultry . . . . . . . . 5,080 

Queen Victoria Street . . . . 6,723 

Iii his " Trivia," Gay tells us about the markets 
for food which were the same as now: 

" Shall the large mutton smoak upon your Boards ? 
Such, Newgate's copious market best affords. 
Wouldst thou with mighty Beef, augment thy meal ? 
Seek Leaden Hall; St. James's sends thee Veal; 
Thames-Street gives Cheeses, Covent Garden Fruits, 
Moorfields old books, and Monmouth Street old suits. 

Oh bear me to the Paths of fair Pell Mell, 

Safe are thy pavements, grateful is thy smell." 

And that splendid lover of our City and Metro- 
polis, Dr. Samuel Johnson, in his " London," which 
was published in Perry's year of 1738: 

" For who would leave unbribed Hibernia's land, 
Or change the rocks of Scotland for the Strand ? 
There none are swept by sudden fate away, 
But all whom hunger spares with age decay. 
Here malice, rapine, accident conspire, 
And now a rabble rages, now a fire ; 
Their ambush here relentless ruffians lay, 
And the fell attorney prowls for prey. 
Here falling houses thunder on your head, 
And here a female atheist talks you dead. 


Prepare for death, if here at night you roam, 
And sign your will before you sup from home ; 

Some frolic drunkard, reeling from a feast, 
Provokes a brawl and stabs you for a jest." 

Yes, things are changed, happily changed in many 

Well, I am proud to have served on the Corporation, 
and to have been Lord Mayor, the chosen represen- 
tative of the citizens ; for this mighty London of ours 
was made by the citizens of long ago and by the 
example they set us. Stow tells us that, " This 
realm hath only three principal rivers whereon a 
Royal City may well be situated, Trent in the North, 
Severn in the South-West, and Thames in the South- 
East, of the which Thames, both for the straight course 
in length reacheth furthest into the belly of the land, 
and for the breadth and stillness of the water is most 
navigable up and down the stream." He then goes 
on to tell the story of how, when Queen Mary, angry 
with the citizens, threatened to remove the Term 
and Parliament to Oxford, a certain Alderman 
asked whether she intended also to divert the Thames 
from London; because if not, " By God's Grace we 
shall do well enough at London, whatsoever become 
of the Term and Parliament." No doubt the river 
the " fishful Thames," Stow called it, in which 
Perry records there were sturgeons ! gave us a good 
start; but it was those old citizens who made our 
London the first city in the world. 

Domine dirige nos (O God, direct us), and those who 
follow us to keep it so. Amen. 

W. P. T. 

November gih, 1919. 




THE DIARY ... - 53 




THE AUTHOR - Frontispiece 

Front a pencil drawing by Phil May (photogravure) 








From a drawing by John Proctor 






TRELOAR MISSED - to face 46 

By kind permission of the proprietors oj " Punch " 

THE LORD MAYOR, 1906-7 - - to face 54 

From the original painting at Guildhall by P. Tennyson Cole 

SEPTEMBER 8, 1908 - - to face 64 

Drawn by G. L. Stampa from photographs 





FEBRUARY 9, 1907 - - to face 98 


from the drawing by E. T. Reed 


TREE - - 121 

THE ALDERMEN - to face 124 

From the drawing by Ernest Prater, by kind permission of the 
editor of the " Graphic" 




SION HOUSE ON THURSDAY, JUNE 13, 1907 - to face 164 
From a drawing by A. L. Boyd 


"SANS Souci " PALACE, JUNE 20, 1907: BARON VON 
MASTER KIRCHNER - to face 182 




From the cartoon bv John Leech, by kind permission if the 
proprietors of " Punch " 


From the cartoon by John Leech, by kind permission oj the 
proprietors of " Punch " 






I PROPOSE to set down in chronological order a record 
of my civic doings day by day, and to make some 
reference to the people with whom I came in contact 
during my mayoralty from the 9th of November, 
1906, to the 9th of November, 1907. Before I begin 
the diary of my year of office I will try to give an 
account of my civic career. 

It was on St. Thomas's Day, the 2ist of December, 
in 1 88 1, that I became a Common Councilman for 
the Ward of Farringdon Without. The widening of 
Ludgate Hill had been commenced in 1862, and some 
of my neighbours, thinking it was now time that the 
work should be finished, induced me to enter the Cor- 
poration for the express purpose of calling attention 
to the delay, and if possible of getting this much- 
needed improvement completed. 

I served for eleven years as a Common Councilman, 
until the year 1892, when I became an Alderman; and 
I had a very pleasant time. I enjoyed my term on 
the " floor of the Court," and my close association 
with the members of the Court of Common Council, 
quite as much as the time I have spent since in the 
higher latitude. 

Somehow or other, in the lower chamber, if there 
are disagreements, as there must be, and one gets 
the better of another in a dispute, when it is over it 



is over; the men take the winning or losing as sports- 
men ought to do, and no malice remains. This makes 
the Court of Common Council an agreeable body to 
belong to. Men who are subject to annual election 
have robust opinions, and seldom or never do you 
find amongst them any conspiracy of envy, hatred, 
and malice. 1 sometimes wish I was a younger man, 
when I might resign my present position, and enter 
again in the running for a Common Councilman in 
the largest and best ward in the City; but, alas ! 
perhaps the ratepayers would not elect a man of 
seventy-seven; so, as a bird in the hand is said to be 
worth two in the bush (I'm not sure that it always 
is), I will e'en stay as I am, and take the consequences, 
although by doing so I may perhaps disappoint one 
or two of my friends. 

Farringdon Without is the largest and best ward in 
the City. Its boundaries are: in the west, the Law 
Courts, including the Temple and Chancery Lane up 
to Holborn; in the east, the Church of St. Martin's, 
Ludgate; on the north, Holborn and the Central 
Meat Market; and on the south, Whitefriars down to 
the river.* 

The Ward takes its name from one William de 
Farndone, or Farendon, citizen and goldsmith, three 
times Mayor of the City; he purchased it in 1279 of 
Ralph de Feure, it being then called the Ward of 
Ludgate and Newgate; the Ward of Fleet Street was 
afterwards added to it. In 1 393 the W T ard had become 
so large as to necessitate its division by an order in 
Parliament; and from that time the portion within 

* It has been said that as Alderman of the Ward I represent 
the World, the Flesh and the Devil i.e., Fleet Street, the home of 
the newspaj-er press; the Central Meat Market ; and the Temple. 


the walls has been called Farringdon Within, and that 
outside the walls Farringdon Without.* 

It is interesting to learn that the Spital Sermons 
were for many years preached in this Ward viz., 
at the Church of St. Bride, Fleet Street. Stow says 
that " time out of mind it hath been a laudable 
custom " to preach these sermons during Easter at 
Paul's Cross and at the Hospital of St. Mary Spital, 
near Bishopsgate. From the Restoration till 1797 
they were preached at St. Bride's, and since then at 
Christ Church, Newgate Street. St. Bride's Church 
was long noted for its chimes, and here the curfew was 
anciently rung. When the bells were first put up, 
about 1726, and for some years afterwards, Fleet 
Street was frequently thronged with carriages, the 
gentry coming from far and near to hear them rung. 
Some poet has written : 

" Bells of St. Bride's, wheresoever I be, 
My heart in the night-time must travel to thee ; 
They may say it is Cockney, and what not beside, 
But I ne'er shall forget thee, Sweet Bells of St. Bride." 

Some of the questions which were raised in the 
Corporation during my membership of the Common 
Council, and in which I took part may, I think, be 
referred to. 

At this time 1881 when my neighbours asked 
me to become a candidate, I was in the most blissful 
state of ignorance as to the Corporation. I had heard 
of the Court of Common Council, the Livery, Common 

* Sir W. H. Dunn, the Lord Mayor at Christmas, 1916, very 
kindly gave a specially printed copy of Stow's " London," which 
gives an account of the Ward, to the members of the Corporation 
and his friends. It is a volume which is indeed a real feast for 
antiquaries, and was a very welcome Christmas present to those 
who were favoured with a copy. 


Hall, and last, but not least, the Court of Aldermen; 
but I knew none of the personnel of these bodies. I 
did not then know who was Lord Mayor, nor was I 
aware of the name of the Alderman of the Ward, or 
of any other of its sixteen representatives. The only 
official of the Ward known to me was the rate-collector, 
and I hardly looked upon him as a personal friend. 
However, 1 soon made the acquaintance of the 
Common Councilmen, most of whom impressed upon 
me the absolute necessity in my own interest of not 
then prosecuting my candidature for the Ward; they 
advised me to retire gracefully and come out next 
year. I did not, however, take their advice; but I 
went to the poll, with an excellent result, so far as I 
was concerned. 

There were other ratepayers in the Ward who, like 
myself, had no knowledge of the Corporation and its 
officials. I remember that shortly after I was elected 
a gentleman called upon me and, after offering his 
congratulations, told me that although his business, 
which was a very large and successful one, had been 
carried on in the Ward for a very long time, and he 
was one of the largest ratepayers, yet he had never 
received an invitation to any function such as the 
Lord Mayor's Banquet. We had a pleasant con- 
versation, from which I learnt that this large and 
influential ratepayer had never taken the smallest 
interest in the affairs of the Ward, he had never 
attended any of the Wardmotes or other meetings, 
and had therefore never voted for a candidate, or even 
known one. 

He eventually agreed with me that he was not in a 
position to claim any recognition from those to whom 
he himself had vouchsafed none; but that any invi- 


tations that were going about were due to those who 
supported one or other of the candidates at the annual 
elections, on St. Thomas's Day. I am afraid, even 
now, there is not as much activity shown in muni- 
cipal and even imperial matters as there ought to be 
by many " large and influential " ratepayers. 

The Ward had always been noted for its contests. 
I believe " Orator Hunt " disturbed it in 1828 by 
becoming a candidate; I did the same in 1881. I 
remember some incidents during my canvass. I 
called upon a certain baker who was considered to 
be a " wire puller " of great importance. He came 
up through a trap-door in his shop to receive me; 
he was in his shirt-sleeves, and quite floury. 

" Well," he said, " you're the carpet man, aren't 
you, and you've called to ask for my vote, I suppose ?" 

" Yes, sir," I replied. 

" Well, look here, young feller," he said, " I've 
never yet been to the banquet on the pth of November, 
and if you will promise to get me an invitation to the 
next one, I'll undertake to get you elected me and 
the missis, of course, I mean." 

I declined to give a promise; and he then said: 
" Then I'm damned if I vote for you !" 

I called then on a certain publican, who was also 
a " wire puller." He was not in when I called; but 
I had the pleasure of a chat with his third wife, and 
left her in the bar parlour with her solemn promise 
that the " old gentleman " should vote for me, for, 
she said, " you're the best-looking one of the lot." 

In the City Press of the 22nd of September, 1917, 
Mr. Lidstone, a very well-known inhabitant of the 
Ward, gives a description of the voting in the Ward 
fifty years ago. Among the Ward-mote incidents he 



tells how the Ballot Act had not been passed and the 
Aldermen had to sit whilst the votes were recorded 
openly. Once, when Sir James Duke was presiding, 
a tree and independent elector approached, and, when 
asked for whom he wished to vote, said: "I don't 
know; it was a cove that stood me a quartern of 
rum." The Alderman told the poll clerk to read the 
names of the candidates to him; when the clerk 
came to a certain name, " That's the cove as stood 
the rum I votes for him," said the voter. "Take 
the vote," said" the Alderman. 

Ihe contest on the 2ist of December, 1881, was a 
very rowdy, noisy affair; it was popularly called 
' The 1-arringdon Derby." There were twenty can- 
didates for sixteen places. The Corrupt Practices 
Act was not then in force for City Municipal elections, 
and much money was spent. That perhaps is why. 

i was fortunate enough to be returned at the head 
of the poll. A broadside, here reproduced, was 
published during the election, which gave a prophecy 
as to the position of the candidates. James Piggins 
was at that time Alderman; he retired in 1882. 

I made it my business after the election to issue 
on my own account a circular letter to the electors in 
the \\ ard, asking them to tell me whether they wished 
to have the Ballot Act in force in the City or not. 
The replies were: 632 in favour of the ballot, 327 
against it, and 115 neutral. 

On the 3oth of April, 1885, a petition of electors, 
praying the Court of Common Council to take the 
necessary steps to secure the adoption of the ballot 
at all future contested elections for Common Council- 
men of the City of London, was ordered to lie 

u, > 


- O 


a w 
o S 

. H 


on the table votes 61 to 50. I voted in the 

On the 7th of May, 1 886, a motion that all future 
elections of members should be by ballot was defeated 
by 77 votes to 57. I voted in the minority. Fortu- 
nately, the Court eventually decided to follow my 
example, and sent a circular to every voter in the 
City, asking his opinion. The result was an over- 
whelming consensus of opinion in favour of the Ballot, 
and on the ist of July, 1886, I moved, and Mr. A. 
Brookman seconded, the following resolution, which 
was carried without a division, viz.: 

" That inasmuch as a very large majority of 
the Citizens are in favour of the ballot in such 
elections in the City as are now conducted by 
open voting, it be referred to the Local Govern- 
ment and Taxation Committee to take such 
steps as they are advised may be necessary for 
giving practical effect to such opinion, by sub- 
stituting vote by ballot for open voting wherever 
practicable in the City." 

So the Ballot Act came into work in the City. 
The first contested election under this Act, in my 
Ward, was on St. Thomas's Day, the 2ist of December, 
1887, when I headed the poll with 1,044 votes. 
Fifteen other candidates were elected as usual, 
Mr. H. B. Marshall, the father of the late Lord Mayor, 
being one of them. 

The number of voters polling was certainly reduced, 
and the proceedings altogether were not so lively or 
amusing; but bribery and corruption were abolished, 
or, at all events, we thought so. 

One of the earliest functions I witnessed after my 


election was the opening of Epping Forest, in 1882, 
by Queen Victoria. 1 remember the Lord Mayor, 
Sir \\hittaker Ellis, was on horseback on that occa- 
sion, as was also another well-known citizen, Sir John 

1 wore my mazarine gown, and felt very important, 
but my pride had a fall. I went to a seat, but was 
told by the custodian that 1 had come to the wrong 
stand. For Common Councilmen the stand was over 
the way; " this stand is for ladies and gentlemen." 

Thirty-five years ago the members of the Corpora- 
tion were very fond of taking excursions on the 
Thames in the summer-time, i remember my first 
voyage on the Maria Wood ; this was a barge used 
frequently in the summer for taking the members of 
the various committees, and their ladies, for river 
trips. It started from Kew Bridge, and was towed 
by horses up the river as far as Pope's Villa, then 
occupied by Mr. Henry Labouchere. Maria was a 
decked boat, and had a very roomy cabin, practically 
the full length of the barge. 

The gentlemen were all dressed in frock-coat suits, 
and wore tall hats; dancing was carried on with 
vigour and persistence almost immediately the boat 
started. Refreshments were provided in variety and 
profusion. There was a smaller boat, called " the 
shallop," towed behind Maria, to which some of the 
older men retired for cigars and other luxuries. 

After plenty of exercise, a very good dejeuner was 
served in the long cabin, and there also " plenty " 
was the order of the day. Speeches, liqueurs, and 
other pleasures followed, and so the day wore on. In 
the evening members were landed again at Kew Bridge 
to go home to ruminate on the doings of the day. 


I should not be surprised to hear that the expres- 
sion " What cheer, 'Ria !" and perhaps the name 
given to the City prison van, of " Black Maria," 
emanated from this barge. As I say, I remember 
my first trip on this famous boat ; my friend the late 
Sir Henry Knight was there with Lady Knight; and 
I rather think my friend Sir Joseph Savory and Lady 
Savory were of the party. 

The Maria Wood was named after a daughter of 
Matthew Wood, Lord Mayor 1815-1816, who was 
a successful hop merchant, and represented the City 
in nine successive Parliaments. He was a fierce 
defender of Queen Caroline, George IV.'s unhappy 
wife. In 1820 he was sitting in his counting-house 
when an agent of the Duke of Kent, calling late on a 
Saturday afternoon, asked him for the loan of 10,000. 
The agent explained it was important, for reasons of 
State, that the expected baby (afterwards Queen 
Victoria) of the Duchess of Kent, who was then at 
Ostend, should be born in England, and that H.R.H. 
the Duke could not cross over unless he received that 
sum of money to satisfy his more pressing creditors. 
Mr. Wood promised to reply on Monday after consult- 
ing his partners. The agent urged, however, that 
the state of the Duchess's health admitted of no delay, 
and that she ought to cross at once, so my grand- 
father gave him the cheque.* Matthew Wood, who 
died in 1 843, was created a baronet by Queen Victoria in 
1 837, twenty-two years after he had been Lord Mayor. 

On the ist of March, 1884, 1 moved in the Court of 
Common Council : 

* This anecdote is told by Sir Evelyn Wood, V.C., a grandson 
of Sir Matthew Wood, in his book " From Midshipman to Field 
Marshal." 1906. Vol. i., p. 2. 


" That in the opinion of this Court it is desir- 
able that, as regards the forthcoming loan exhibi- 
tion of pictures in the Art Gallery, arrangements 
should be made for the exhibition to be open on 
Sunday afternoons, and that the Library Com- 
mittee be instructed accordingly." 

To this it was moved, " That the question be not 
now put "; this was lost by 9 votes viz., 65 for my 
motion, 56 against. It was then moved, " That the 
debate be adjourned "; this was lost by 8 votes 
64 to 56. It was then moved, " That this Court do 
now adjourn "; this was lost by 11 votes 62 to 51. 
It was then moved, " That it is undesirable that a 
decision should be arrived at until the Library Com- 
mittee have ascertained whether the people who had 
lent pictures would consent to a Sunday exhibition, 
and that it be referred to the Committee to ascertain 
their views and report thereon "; this was defeated 
by 12 votes 60 to 48. It was then moved, " That 
the debate be adjourned "; this was defeated by 2 
votes 50 to 48. The Court then adjourned. 

At the next Court, on the 8th of March, twenty- 
eight petitions were presented in favour of the opening 
of the Guildhall Library, Museum, and Art Gallery 
on Sundays, most of these petitions being from 
labouring men's associations and societies. I moved 
again on this day that the exhibition should be opened 
on Sundays, and it was found that 88 voted for my 
motion, and 88 against it. 

The Lord Mayor, Sir George Tyler, thereupon gave 
his casting vote in favour of my motion, and it was 
resolved in the affirmative and ordered accordingly. 
At the next Court, held on the 1 5th of March, it was, 
however, moved, " That the minutes of the last 


Court be amended, and that the name of A. C. 
Morton, Esq., be inserted as voting against the motion, 
and that the majority being for the negative, the 
casting vote of the Lord Mayor be expunged." It 
appeared from an explanation given by Mr. Morton 
in his place, that, having inadvertently gone into the 
wrong lobby, his vote had been recorded in the nega- 
tive; that on discovering his mistake he applied to 
the tellers, by whom the vote was erased, and his 
vote recorded in the affirmative. On the motion 
being put it was carried by a majority of 5 93 to 88. 

Advantage was taken of Mr. Morton's mistake, and 
so my motion was defeated. According to custom, 
I could not raise the question again until the follow- 
ing year; but where there's a will there's a way, and 
I moved on the i2th of April, " That in the opinion 
of this Court it is desirable that the exhibition should 
be open to the public on alternate Sundays." This, 
being different in form, was allowed. 

It was moved that the question be not now put, 
which was defeated by 4 votes 88 to 84. Then, and 
at last, I won, carrying my motion by a majority of 
8 87 to 79 votes, and the loan exhibition was opened 
to the public on alternate Sundays. 

Shortly afterwards viz., on the roth of March, 
1896 Mr. Massey-Mainwaring, M.P., carried a 
motion in the House of Commons, by 180 votes to 
95, that the National Gallery and other Exhibitions 
under Government control should be opened on 
Sunday afternoons. 

In the course of the debate Sir John Lubbock said 
that " he had the honour of representing the Trustees 
of the British Museum in that House, and they were 
anxious to open the buildings in accordance with the 


resolution now before the House. He admitted the 
importance of evening opening; but they did not 
think it any substitute for opening on Sundays. He 
regarded the British Museum as one of the best 
Sunday-schools in the country, for, owing to the vast 
collection of antiquities that it contained, children 
could be taught to understand their Bible better than 
they could by any other means short of a visit to the 

The vote, which showed a majority of 85, proved 
what a change had taken place in public opinion on 
this subject. In 1865 a similar motion to that of Mr. 
Massey-Mainwaring was rejected by a majority of 328. 
The National Sunday League can claim to have 
done a great work in bringing about this change of 
public opinion, and I think that body should be con- 
gratulated upon the success of its efforts. Mr. Morrell 
was the founder of the League ; he and the very able 
Secretary of the League, Mr. Henry Mills, J.P., 
ex-Mayor of Islington, have done more than anyone 
else known to me to make the League a force, and an 
instrument in brightening the lives of the working- 
classes of England. We in London especially know 
the difference they have made. Thirty years- ago, 
Sunday was often a day of particular gloom, with only 
the public-houses to give their sort of cheer during 
the hours when the churches and chapels were closed ; 
but now it is an occasion for true recreation, with the 
result of undoubted moral good. I was elected 
President of the League on the 5th of January, 1893, 
and am proud of still occupying that position after 
more than twenty-five years of service. 

I cannot resist making acknowledgment here of 
a delightful tribute I enjoyed in April last at the 


Finsbury Town Hall, when, in the presence, on the 
platform, of my daughter, with Sir William Dunn, Sir 
Ernest E. Wild, K.C., Mr. Percival Clarke, Mr. Pett 
Ridge, Mr. C. E. Lawrence, and others of my friends, 
Lord Burnham, on behalf of the League, made me 
a presentation of 1,000 for the furtherance of the 
seaside branch of my hospital at Alton, and a silver 
tea-service, which I shall treasure and my daughter 
after me, as a souvenir of an association that has 
been to me a very real source of joy. The occasion 
so moved me that I did not make the speech I had 
meant to make. 

I jot down a few of the notable incidents of the 
period when I was a Common Councilman. 

The Lord Mayor, Mr. George Swan Nottage, Alder- 
man of Cordwainer Ward, died on Saturday, the 
nth of April, 1885. 

He had gone to Brighton for Easter, and whilst 
there attended a Volunteer Review on the Downs in 
an open carriage; his death was, unfortunately, the 

In accordance with precedent, a Common Hall was 
at once called to elect an Alderman to be Lord Mayor 
for the remainder of the term, that was until the 
9th of November, 1885. The choice of the Livery 
fell upon Sir Robert Nicholas Fowler, Bart., the im- 
mediate past Lord Mayor. 

The last case before this of a Lord Mayor dying in 
his mayoralty occurred in 1770, when the famous 
William Beckford, who was serving a second year, 
died. His successor was the next Alderman on the 
rota for the mayoralty, Mr. Barlow Trecothick. 
Beckford was buried at Fonthills, but Mr. Nottage 


was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. The funeral took 
place on Saturday, the 1 8th of April, 1 885 . There was 
a large attendance, and the ceremony was very im- 
pressive. Amongst those present were H.R.H. the 
Duke of Edinburgh and H.R.H. the Duke of Cam- 

Nottage was the first, and is still the only Lord 
Mayor buried in the present Cathedral, although 
monuments are there to three citizens Hammond de 
Chickwill, Sir John Poulteney, and Adam de Bury 
all of whom had served the office of Mayor, though 
none died during his year of office. 

The inscription on the coffin was : 

DIED ii APRIL 1885 

" A man greatly beloved. 
Daniel X Chapter n v. 

The widow was graciously allowed to take the 
same title, place, and precedence as she would have 
done if her husband had been knighted. In her will 
Lady Nottage expressed a wish to be buried in the 
Cathedral with her husband ; but the authorities were 
not able to comply with this wish. 

On the 2oth of December, 1883, Sir John Bennett 
moved, and Mr. J. Wheeler seconded, " That in the 
opinion of the Court it is undesirable that the City 
Corporation should remain the only Corporation in 
the Kingdom where the Aldermanic veto can be 
exercised." The previous question was moved, and 
carried by 97 votes to 9. I was one of the nine. 


On the 2nd of October, 1884, the new (and the 
present) Council Chamber was first used for our 
meetings. Mr. Deputy Fry was Chairman of the 
Committee at the time, and it fell to him to bid fare- 
well to the old room and give a welcome to the new, 
into which we trooped. 

On the 26th of February, 1885, it was resolved and 
ordered, " That the Hall-keeper do arrange, on days 
when the Court is sitting, to provide a room in Guild- 
hall where members may take refreshments at their 
own expense." 

S^On the 8th of October, 1885, a motion to have 
Temple Bar erected in Battersea was unfortunately 
not carried. 

On the 23rd of June, 1887, Temple Bar was given 
to Sir H. Bruce Meux, Bt., to be erected at the en- 
trance to Theobald's Park, Cheshunt. I shall never 
cease to regret that this beautiful historic monument 
was thereby lost to London. 

On the 1 6th of February, 1882 I am rather going 
backward in my dates, but never mind that Alder- 
man Sir Francis Wyatt Truscott moved as follows in 
the Court of Common Council, and it was carried: 
" That it be referred to a Special Committee, con- 
sisting of two aldermen and fifteen commoners, to be 
now named, to consider the announcement in the 
Queen's Speech having reference to the reform of the 
Corporation of London, and the extension of Municipal 
Government to the Metropolis, with instructions to 
do therein as they may deem expedient, reporting from 
time to time to this Court." 

Sir Francis was elected Chairman of this Committee, 
which certainly " did therein as they deemed ex- 


pedient," with the result that certain charges were 
brought under the notice of the House of Commons 
by Mr. George Howell, the Labour leader and Member 
for Bethnal Green, and Mr. Bradlaugh, the famous 
Member for Northampton, " alleging improper use 
and malversation of Public Funds of the Corporation 
of London by or with the consent of members and 
officials of such Corporation." 

A Select Committee of the House of Commons was 
appointed in March, 1887. It sat for some thirteen 
days, under the presidency of the Marquis of Harting- 
ton, and examined many witnesses, including the 
following members and officials of the Corporation, 
viz., Aldermen Sir Francis Truscott and Sir Robert 
Nicholas Fowler, M.P.; Mr. T. Loveridge, C.C.; 
Mr. E. J. Stoneham, C.C.; Mr. Benjamin Scott 
(Chamberlain); Mr. Gabriel Prior Goldney (Remem- 
brancer); Sir John B. Monckton (Town Clerk); 
Mr. H. Crawford (City Solicitor); and Mr. W. J. 
Soulsby (Private Secretary to the Lord Mayor). 

I remember I paid a visit on the ist of April, 1887, 
to the House of Commons Committee Room on the 
pressing invitation of Mr. Stoneham, C.C., to hear 
him examined, and to see how he would get the better 
of Mr. Bradlaugh, who was to examine him. 

Alas, poor Stoneham ! He got much the worst 
of it. Bradlaugh, who was very courteous and equally 
clear-headed, most patient but very pertinacious, 
seemed to me to dominate every one in the room, 
even from the Noble Marquis in the chair to the poor, 
limp, frightened witness. 

It was proved that the Special Committee of the 
Corporation had expended 19,550 TOS. lod. in 
extravagant and excessive advertising; in employing 


agents without any proper supervision; and that 
these agents had used the money given to them for 
improper and indefensible purposes. 

The report of the Committee was that " On a review 
of the whole circumstances we are of opinion that the 
charge of malversation has not been sustained, but 
that improper use of a portion of the funds derived 
from the City's Estate has been proved." 

This was in 1887. On the 8th of May, 1888, a 
motion to place the Corporation of the City under 
statutory restrictions with regard to expenditure, 
similar to those imposed upon other municipalities, 
was negatived by a narrow majority in the House of 

On the i /th of January, 1889, the first election of 
members to the newly constituted London County 
Council took place. Sir John Lubbock, M.P., and 
Lord Rosebery were returned for the City; Mr. John 
Burns, Mr. Augustus Harris, Sir Reginald Hanson, 
Mr. E. Lawson, M.P., Lady Sandhurst, and Miss 
Cobden, were also elected. The first meeting was 
held on the 3ist of January. Sir John Lubbock 
presided. The Council adjourned to the 5th of 
February in order to consider the election of Alder- 
men all but one of the nineteen Aldermen co-opted 
being " Progressives," as the Radicals then called 
themselves (it is said that self-praise is no recom- 
mendation, but I think it is decidedly so when you are 
in the majority). On the 7th of February Sir John 
Lubbock wrote to the Corporation asking for the use 
of the Guildhall for their meetings for three months. 

This permission was, of course, given; and at the 
Guildhall, on the i2th of February, Lord Rosebery 
was chosen Chairman, Sir John Lubbock, M.P., 


Vice-Chairman, and Mr. Bottomley Firth, Deputy 
Chairman with a salary of 2,000 a year. 

In 1893 still another Royal Commission was 
appointed to attack or abolish the old Corporation, 
the reference to it being " To consider the proper 
conditions under which the amalgamation of the 
City and the County of London can be eft'ected, and 
to make specific and practical proposals for that 
purpose." Mr. Leonard Courtney, M.P., afterwards 
Lord Courtney of Penwith, presided over twenty-nine 
sittings of this Commission, and their report indicated 
how the proposed amalgamation should take place. 

It should be noted that the reference was not to 
give a verdict on the matter, but to pronounce sen- 
tence. Sir Edward Clarke, always to the fore when 
the City of London wanted help, made a splendid 
speech in the House of Commons against the appoint- 
ment of this Commission. I need not say how 
doughty a champion the City has had at all times in 
Sir Edward. 

No action was taken by the Government upon the 
report of the Commission until, on the 3rd of March, 
1899, the " London Government Bill " was intro- 
duced and passed. 

By this Bill the present Metropolitan Boroughs, 
twenty-eight in number, were created; and the old 
Corporation of the City of London has very properly 
become the fatherly friend of these younger munici- 
palities, and the acknowledged head of Civic 

If I remember rightly, the first Mayor of the im- 
portant Borough of Camberwell, the late Deputy 
Matthew Wallace, was then a prominent member of 
the City Corporation. 


On the 29th of September, 1883, Mr. Alderman 
Hadley (Castle Baynard Ward) was senior on the 
rota for Lord Mayor, and was elected by the Livery 
in Common Hall with Mr. Robert Nicholas Fowler, 
for the choice, as is the custom, of the Court of Alder- 
men. The Court selected the latter, and the Livery- 
men were very indignant and noisy about it. On the 
Hustings Fowler said: " I came here this morning 
without the smallest notion or idea that this high 
honour would be conferred upon me. I came here 
because I felt it my duty in a crisis like this not to 
be absent from the election of a Lord Mayor of London ; 
and without any hesitation I say that I felt that the 
judgment of the Livery ought to be respected, and 
accordingly, in my place on the Court of Aldermen, 
I gave my vote for Mr. Alderman Hadley. My 
brethren of the Court of Aldermen have arrived at 
a different conclusion; they have conferred on me 
the high office of Lord Mayor, and I feel that I have 
no other course to pursue than, unexpected as the 
honour is, to accept; but I do so most reluctantly, I 
bow to their judgment, and take upon myself the 
high honour of the office of Lord Mayor for the year 

In the evening the Lord Mayor gave a dinner at 
the Mansion House to his brethren of the Court of 
Aldermen and their ladies to meet the Lord Mayor 
Elect and the new Alderman of Langbourn Ward, 
Mr. Joseph Savory, who had been received by the 
Court of Aldermen that morning, and sworn in. 
Actually it was possible for Mr. Savory to have been 
selected by the Livery instead of Mr. Fowler, in which 
case he would have been chosen for Lord Mayor on 
the same day that he was elected Alderman. What 


a record it would have been Sheriff in 1882; Alder- 
man, 1883; Lord Mayor, 1883 even beating that of 
John Wilkes, who was Alderman in 1771, Sheriff in 
1773, and Lord Mayor in 1774. 

Hadley retired in 1884 from the Court of Aldermen, 
and died in 1890. 

Mr. Polydore De Keyser was for some years a 
Common Councilman for the Ward of Farringdon 
Without. He was a Belgian, but had become a 
naturalised British subject. He founded a large 
and prosperous hotel on the Embankment De 
Keyser's Hotel. 

When James Figgins resigned his position as Alder- 
man in April, 1882, De Keyser became a candidate; 
he was elected on the pth of May. There were two 
other candidates, and the poll which was taken dis- 
closed the following result : 

Polydore de Keyser . . . . . . 902 

H. W. Waterlow . . . . . . 662 

H. B. Marshall . . . . 83 

A petition against his return was lodged on the 
ground of disqualification, through his being an alien 
born and a licensed innkeeper. Mr. Waterlow claimed 
the seat. 

The case against his return was argued by Mr. 
Edward Clarke, Q.C., M.P., and Mr. H. A. Farman. 

Sir Hardinge Giffard, Q.C., M.P., (afterwards Lord 
Halsbury), and Mr. Muir Mackenzie appeared for 
Mr. de Keyser, and pointed out that in 1705 Sir J. 
Parsons, Alderman of Bassishaw, was the licensee of 
the Red Lion public-house; that Alderman Kennett 
of Cornhill was a wine merchant in 1 707 ; that Sir T. 
Rawlinson, Alderman of Farringdon Without, 1686, 


kept the Mitre Hotel in Fenchurch Street. He cited 
many other instances of Lord Mayors who were 
publicans when elected Aldermen. He also referred 
to several instances of Aldermen who were the sons 
of natives of Germany, Italy, Flanders, Alderney, 
Jamaica, and France. 

Judgment was given by the Court of Aldermen on 
the 27th of June, 1882, viz., that " The objections 
were overruled, and that the return was valid, and 
Mr. De Keyser was called in and sworn." 

Three days before this he had been elected Sheriff 
by the Livery in Common Hall, and had as his 
colleague Mr. Joseph Savory. De Keyser was Lord 
Mayor in 1887, being the first Roman Catholic to be 
elected to that position since the Reformation. He 
was knighted at the conclusion of his year of office 
.in 1888. He resigned his gown in 1892 on account 
of deafness (when I succeeded him). He died on the 
1 4th of January, 1898. 

It was on the loth of February, 1891, that I was 
fortunate enough to induce the Commissioners of 
Sewers to pass a resolution which practically com- 
pleted the improvement of Ludgate Hill. It had 
taken more than a quarter of a century to accomplish 
by degrees the widening of this important thorough- 

I said at the time, and I repeat now, that a still 
further useful improvement would be accomplished 
if the north side of St. Paul's Churchyard could be 
thrown open to vehicular traffic. This could be done 
at a trifling cost by removing the railings, and making 
some other slight alterations. As far back as 1868 
the Metropolitan Board of Works considered this 



would be desirable, and negotiations for carrying it 
out were entered into by the Commissioners of Sewers 
with the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's. The Cathe- 
dral authorities, however, objected to the proposal, 
and, therefore, no action has been taken in the 

It was intended that when the railway bridge across 
Ludgate Hill was built there should be stairs leading 
up from the street and a footway over the viaduct. 
By the original plan a footway was to be constructed 
beside the bridge, by which passengers might cross 
the street without going on the roadway, the bridge 
was to be reached by an enclosed staircase on each 
side in much the same manner as that which leads 
up to the Holborn Viaduct from Farringdon Street. 
That this was the intention is shown by the fact that 
the houses on each side of the Viaduct have been set 
back; but the railway company were somehow or 
other allowed to escape this expense. 

On the 9th of February, 1892, I was elected Chair- 
man of the Commissioners of Sewers a body quite 
separate and apart from the Corporation, although 
all the members of it were chosen from and by the 

The duties of the Commission were of a very im- 
portant character. 

It was the rating authority for the City, and had 
to see to all matters connected with the widening of 
thoroughfares, the cleansing of the streets, lighting, 
paving and drainage, sewerage, etc. 

Whilst I was Chairman of the Commission, on the 
3rd of June, 1892, I was unanimously elected Alder- 
man for the Ward of Farringdon Without on the 
retirement of Sir Polydore De Keyser. 


I was received and sworn in at a Court of Aldermen 
on the i6th of June, 1892. 

After taking the Oath of Allegiance and signing the 
book, I was, as usual, taken round the Court to be 
introduced to each of the Aldermen, and I remember 
that Sir George Faudel Phillips' words of welcome 
were, " Treloar, if you were my size and I was yours, 
I'd give you a damned good hiding!" which was, 
I think, a very good welcome. 

The Commissioners very graciously altered the 
hour of their meeting from one to two o'clock, so 
that I could attend the meetings of the Court of 
Aldermen which are usually held at one o'clock on 

I might here note some interesting facts relating 
to the value of rubbish, derived from my experiences 
while on the Commission. 

The dust and refuse collected from the streets of 
the City, in the year 1892, when sifted and sorted, 
produced various marketable commodities, which 
were sold for a total of 1,171 i6s. 6d., made up as 
follows viz., bottles, i 1 6 i2S.6d.; glass, 105 6s. 2d.; 
boots, 6 75. 3d.; knives, i 8 1 93. od.; iron, 66 95. 3d.; 
corks, 32 45. od.; string, 190 75. 6d.; paper, 
437 95. 8d.; rags, 39 93. id.; metals, 91 43. 7d.; 
tins, 18; oddments, 10 8s. 8d.; bones, 38 8s. lod. 

Many articles of value were from time to time 
found in the rubbish, and many letters, some con- 
taining cheques. 

The Commissioners of Sewers were abolished by 
the City of London Sewers Act of Parliament of 
1897, which came into operation in the January 
of the following year. The work formerly carried 


on by them is now done by certain committees, 
forming the Public Health Department of the 

To turn to the social side of life for a moment. 
In 1892 I had the pleasure of becoming a member of 
the Savage Club, of which I am now a Trustee. It 
is a club second to none for the right spirit of happy 
fellowship, and it was often my practice, as still it is, 
to find refreshment of mind from the strain of business 
and municipal affairs in the good comradeship and 
bright talk of my brother Savages. It was my 
custom every year to entertain to dinner there certain 
of my colleagues in the Corporation. The accom- 
panying menu, drawn by my old friend, John 
Proctor, illustrates one such gathering in 1894. The 
guests here portrayed are Sir George Tyler, Lord 
Mayor, Sir George Faudel Phillips, Sir John Voce 
Moore, Sir Joseph Dimsdale, Sir Reginald Hanson, 
and others. 

I was unanimously elected Sheriff, with Mr. Alfred 
Bevan, on the 24th of June, 1899; and on the 2oth 
of September the inhabitants of my Ward presented 
me with my shrieval chain and badge. 

On the 29th of September we gave a luncheon to 
our friends at Merchant Taylors' Hall, kindly lent to 
us by the Court of that Worshipful Company. This 
customary function was discontinued during the War, 
but was resumed in 1919. 

I remember making my first public speech at the 
Mansion House on the 2ist of October, 1896, when I 
proposed the Navy and Army at a dinner given by 
the Lord Mayor (Sir Walter Wilkin) to the winners 


of the Elcho Challenge Shield. I have made many 
speeches there since. 

Sir Alfred Newton was elected on the 29th of Sep- 
tember, 1 899, to be Lord Mayor for the year ensuing. 

On Sunday, the i7th of December, he invited me 
to the Mansion House to meet Colonel Boxall, Sir 
W. Soulsby, and my co-Sheriff, Alfred Bevan, and 
as a result I went that same day to Mercers' Hall to 
ascertain where and when I might be able to see the 
Worshipful Master, Mr. Lane-Claypon, with the 
object of inducing the Mercers, the Premier Company, 
to subscribe to the Lord Mayor's Fund for sending 
out to South Africa, to take part in the Boer War, a 
regiment to be called the City Imperial Volunteers. 
I saw Mr. Lane-Claypon the next day, with the result 
that the Mercers' Company subscribed 5,000. The 
Fund was very successful, the amount obtained being 
117,893 175. lod. 

Sir Alfred Newton was much congratulated and 
thanked by the citizens for his prompt action in this 
matter, and he earned it. My co-Sheriff and I did 
our best to help the Lord Mayor in his very successful 
efforts to raise, equip, and despatch the C.I.V., as 
they came to be called. We assisted in enrolling the 
men, and accompanied the Lord Mayor on more than 
one occasion to Southampton to witness the embarka- 
tion and to wish God Speed and Good Luck to those 
soldiers of the City. The last contingent left the 
Albert Docks on the 3rd of February, 1900, by the 
S.S. Montfort. 

Queen Victoria drove to the City on the 8th of 
March, 1900, by way of the Embankment, just for a 
drive round " a joy ride." A stone tablet has been 
placed on the Embankment recording the fact that 


on that spot, the Boundary of the City, Her Majesty 
was received by the Lord Mayor, Sheriffs, and Cor- 
poration. Sir Alfred Newton presented the pearl 
sword, as usual; and two days afterwards he received 
the following letter from the Marquis of Salisbury: 


" loih March, 1900. 


" Her Majesty yesterday informed me that it 
was her gracious intention to confer a Baronetcy on 
your Lordship and a Knighthood on each of the two 
Sheriffs . 

"In doing so she has not only resolved to follow 
the custom which has prevailed in reference to Royal 
visits to the City, but she has desired to mark her 
sense of the distinguished services which the City of 
London has rendered to the Empire within the last 
few months. 

" Believe me, my dear Lord, 
" Yours very truly, 



On the 28th of March I received the following 
letter : 


"March 28th, 1900. 

" SIR, 

" The Queen will confer the honour of knight- 
hood upon you at Windsor to-morrow, March 29th. 
You should travel by the train leaving Paddington 
at 1.5, and should wear ordinary morning dress 
(frock coat). Luncheon will be served at the Castle. 


1 Kindly acknowledge the receipt of this commu- 

" Believe me, 

" Yours faithfully, 



I went to Paddington in accordance with this 
letter, and found my colleague Bevan on the platform. 

A royal carriage met us at Windsor Station and took 
us to the Castle. We were the only guests. We 
lunched with the Lords and Ladies-in- Waiting, and 
I remember, amongst other dishes, we had a very nice 
beefsteak pudding, which was, if not royal, certainly 
toothsome and satisfying, and reminded me of the 
Cheshire Cheese puddings of my youth. 

After lunch we were taken to the Queen, one at a 
time. I, as Senior Sheriff, went in first. The Queen 
was sitting in a very low chair, and several Equerries 
and Lords and Ladies stood behind her. I think 
Princess Beatrice was there too. I had been duly 
instructed, and a cushion was properly placed for 
me to kneel upon. I kissed hands, and someone said, 
" Mr. William Treloar," whereupon the Equerry gave 
Her Majesty her sword, with which she lightly 
touched me on each shoulder, and said, as if correcting 
him, " Sir William Treloar." I then rose, and backed 
out as well as I could. The door was closed a little 
while, and then Bevan was taken in and done for 
in the same way. 

We then went into another room and chatted with 
Dr. Reid, the Queen's medical attendant, and some 
others. He asked me my height, and said Her 
Majesty had asked him the question. 


The carriage then took us to the station, and, having 
duly tipped the footman, who saluted me as " Sir 
John " and Bevan, whose Christian name is Alfred, 
as " Sir James," we returned to London Knight 
Bachelors. My wile that morning left London for 
Bournemouth, and I calculated that, although she 
was Mrs. Treloar at Waterloo Station, she was Lady 
Treloar by the time she reached Bishopstoke. I sent 
her the following telegram to Bournemouth, " Opera- 
tion successfully performed; both doing well/' which 
upset Bevan, who seemed to have an idea that we 
might be " unknighted " if it became known that I 
treated the matter in such a way. 

Queen Victoria was not always in the humour to 
confer knighthoods upon the Sheriffs of London, as 
may be seen from her letter to Sir John Russell, dated 
the 1 5th of July, 1851 : 

" The Queen has received Lord John Russell's 
letter. She has no objection on this particular 
occasion to knight the two Sheriffs, this year being so 
memorable a one; but the Queen would wish it to be 
clearly understood that they have no right or claim 
to be knighted whenever the Queen goes into the 
City. On the occasion of the opening of the Royal 
Exchange the Sheriffs were not knighted."* 

Sir Charles Hall, Recorder, died on the pth of 
March, 1900, and Sir Forrest Fulton, Common Ser- 
geant, succeeded him, and Mr. A. Bosanquet was 
elected Common Serjeant. 

In February, I dined at Brewers' Hall, in Addle 
Street, where w r e had strong beer in loving-cups. 

* " The Letters of Queen Victoria," vol. ii., p. 387. John 
Murray, 1907. 


Bevan, who was a partner in Barclay and Per kins < 
Brewery business, told me that the Brewers' Com- 
pany had not had a dinner in this hall for nine years. 
Sir Alfred Newton became a Parliamentary candi- 
date for Southwark during his mayoralty. I went 
with him to a very rowdy meeting on the ist of 
October, 1900. Lord George Hamilton spoke for 
Sir Alfred. Harry Newton, the Lord Mayor's son, 
was assaulted by some roughs at this meeting, and 
had his head knocked through a thick glass door. 
I took him to St. Thomas's Hospital to have his 
wounds dressed. Newton did not get in. The poll 
showed the following result viz.: 

Causton, R. K. .. .. ..2,893 

Newton, Sir A. J. .. .. .. 2,763 

In August, 1900, I went for a holiday to Sweden 
and Finland, and came home through Germany. I 
got home on the roth of September, and gave up the 
position of Sheriff on the 28th. Six years afterwards 
I was elected Lord Mayor. 


To everyone but the chief actor the election of a 
Lord Mayor must be an interesting and picturesque 

The Lord Mayor comes at noon on the 29th of 
September from the Mansion House in state, with 
sword and mace, to the Guildhall to take part in the 
election of his successor. A procession, consisting of 
the Lord Mayor, the Aldermen, Sheriffs, Under- 
Sheriffs, high officers and officials, all in Court dress, 
fully robed, and each carrying a nosegay, walk to the 


Church of St. Lawrence, Jewry, where a short service 
is held. Afterwards the election takes place in the 

The Liverymen, the electors, are assembled there 
in force. They are the members of the various City 
companies or guilds, numbering about 8,000, who 
constitute a very important electorate, quite apart 
and distinct from the ratepayers; and for position, 
wealth, influence, and intelligence, they will compare 
very favourably with any other constituency in the 
kingdom. It is their right and duty to elect two 
Aldermen who have served the office of Sheriff, in order 
that the Court of Aldermen may select one of the two 
to be Lord Mayor for the ensuing year. I was elected 
with Sir John Bell, and the Court of Aldermen selected 
me for Lord Mayor. 

Before the election the Lord Mayor issues invita- 
tions for a dinner during the War it was a lunch 
to " meet the Lord Mayor elect." There is, they 
say, many " a slip 'twixt the cup and the lip," and 
I have known two instances when some of the Alder- 
men who had accepted the invitation to dine or 
lunch with the Lord Mayor were not present. The 
absentees, it is presumed, were very much upset 
that they had not succeeded in their efforts to upset 
someone else. 

The Lord Mayor of London is chosen in quite a 
different manner from that adopted by any other 
municipality in the kingdom. Instead of being elected 
by the members of the Corporation, or Council, who 
may, and often do, for political party reasons choose 
someone who has never done suit or service to the 
town, the Lord Mayor can be chosen only from those 
who have served an apprenticeship of some years to 


the Corporation. He must first be elected an Alder- 
man by the ratepayers of the Ward, and accepted and 
sworn in by the Court of Aldermen ; then he must have 
served the office of Sheriff, to which position he has 
to be elected by the Liverymen, and afterwards 
approved by the Sovereign. 

Then, and not till then, is he eligible to ask the 
Liverymen to elect him as Lord Mayor; the Court of 
Aldermen afterwards again having the power to 
refuse him, the approval of the Sovereign being again 
necessary before he can take office. 

On the 24th of October, 1906, I attended at the 
House of Lords, accompanied by some of the Alder- 
men, the two Sheriffs, the Under-Sheriffs, the high 
officers and officials, and there to the Prince's Chamber 
came in state the Lord Chancellor (Lord Loreburn), 
to whom the Recorder (Sir Forrest Fulton) presented 
me in an eloquent and very kindly speech. Lord 
Loreburn congratulated me on my election, saying that 
it must be a source of proud satisfaction to me to 
recall the fact that in the hour of my election to the 
greatest civic dignity in the world, I had not forgotten 
the claims of the most helpless of suffering humanity. 
In conclusion, he said he might without presumption 
express the confident hope that my tenure of office 
would add lustre to the position to which I had been 

He said he had it in command from the King to 
signify His Majesty's gracious approval of the choice 
made by my fellow-citizens. He then shook hands 
with me, and drank my health in a loving-cup be- 
decked with flowers, which, after I had drunk his 
health, circulated to those present. There were, in 
fact, two cups; one contained red, the other white 


wine, spiced and warmed, and there were also bis- 
cuits. I believe the Lord Mayor pays for these deli- 
cacies and also gives a fee of 2 los. to the Lord 
Chancellor's mace-bearer. 

That evening I gave my presentation dinner, or, as 
some call it, " inaugural banquet," at Goldsmiths' 
Hall, which was kindly lent to me by the PrimeWarden 
and Court of that Worshipful Company. My guests 
on this occasion were the Aldermen, Sheriffs, high 
officers and Under-Sheriffs, and some personal friends. 

On the 8th of November a luncheon took place at 
the Mansion House, the invited guests being the 
Aldermen, Sheriffs, high officers, Under-Sheriffs, and 
other officials, the members of the Courts of the 
Cutlers' and Loriners' Companies, those being the 
Companies to which the Lord Mayor and I belonged. 
This luncheon was given on our joint invitation, and 
we shared the expense of it according to the number 
of guests we each invited. 

After luncheon we went in state to the Guildhall 
for the ceremony of installation, going first to the 
Aldermen's Court-room, where the Lord Mayor made 
a farewell speech to his brethren, and thanked them 
for their help during his year of office. The procession 
then went into the Great Hall, where a large company, 
including a great many ladies, had assembled. After 
we had taken our seats the Town Clerk, making three 
obeisances as he walked up and retired, read to me 
the declaration according to the Promissory Oaths 
Act, 1868. I repeated it after him, and afterwards 
signed it. The outgoing Lord Mayor thereupon sur- 
rendered his seat to me, and took his place on my 
left. Then the Chamberlain (Sir Joseph Dimsdale) 
presented the Sceptre (called the Crystal Mace) to the 


outgoing Lord Mayor, who handed it to me, and the 
same was done by the Chamberlain with the seal and 
the purse ; all these symbols of office, after being first 
given to me, were then placed on cushions on the 

The same ceremony was performed by the sword- 
bearer and the mace-bearer (Major Ker-Fox and 
Colonel Kearns), the sword and mace being left on the 
table. All these insignia of office were then taken 
back by the various officers after they had received 
them from me. 

Each officer as he advanced and retired made three 
obeisances. The Comptroller then presented to me 
some documents, one of them being the agreement 
for the payment to me, in quarterly instalments, of 
10,000 in lieu of all fees, which I promptly signed. 

The outgoing Lord Mayor then delivered to me the 
keys of the City Seal, etc. The Aldermen, Sheriffs, 
high officers, and other officials in proper rotation 
then shook my hand, and offered me their congratu- 
lations, and I went back to the Mansion House with 
my predecessor. This ceremony at Guildhall takes 
place every year, and is conducted as it has always 
been, in a very medieval way, accompanied by the 
blowing of trumpets, as in olden times. It is well 
worth seeing, and as admittance to it is quite free, 
no invitation or ticket being required, I am sur- 
prised that more people do not attend it. 

The chain of office and the jewel are not handed 
over to the incoming Lord Mayor on this occasion. 
It was on the following morning that I received these. 
Their history is curious, and so interesting that I 
venture to tell it. 

The chain of office of the Lord Mayor is a most 

36 A 

beautiful Collar of SS, one of the finest as well as 
earliest known to be in existence, and has formed 
part of the City insignia for over three and a half 
centuries. Its history, unlike that of the maces and 
swords, is quite clear throughout. It was bequeathed 
to the Lord Mayor for the time being, and his suc- 
cessors by Sir John Aleyn, citizen and Mercer, who was 
Lord Mayor in i 525-1526, and again in 1535-1536. He 
died about August, 1 545 , and a condition of the gift was 
that the Lord Mayor and his successors should " come 
yerely to myne obytte in the Mercers' Chapell," or 
the Collar was to be returned to his executors of " such 
like waight, fynes of golde and vallue as it is now 
delyuerid." No mention of the Jewel is made in the 
donor's will, and it was not until 1558 that Sir Martin 
Bowes, Lord Mayor in i 545, gave for a pendant to the 
Collar a gold cross or jew r el set with pearls and pre- 
cious stones. In 1607 a new jewel was offered for 
sale to the city by Richard Gosson, goldsmith, which 
was bought for 480; this displaced the jewel given 
by Sir Martin Bowes, which was not to be sold, but 
kept " as a remembrance of him that gave it." It 
has, however, long since disappeared, and nothing 
whatever is known of its history subsequent to its 
disuse. So far as can be ascertained from the evi- 
dence of portraits, etc., the jewel bought in 1607 has 
substantially continued to be worn down to the 
present day. It was probably during the reign of 
Henry VII. that the chiefs of the King's Bench, the 
Common Pleas, and the Exchequer were decorated by 
the Sovereign with the Collar of SS, which is now 
worn as the insignia of office by the Lord Chief Justice 
of England. The City records do not state by what 
royal authority the Lord Mayor is entitled to use the 



Collar, nor is it known under what circumstances Sir 
John Aleyn became the holder of a Collar of SS, but 
Dr. Purey-Cust, Dean of York, was probably right in 
assuming that the Chief Magistrate obtained the 
Royal sanction to add it to the insignia of office, of 
which it has since formed so conspicuous an orna- 
ment. The Collar is 5 feet 4^ inches long, if inches 
wide, and consists of twenty-eight letters S, fourteen 
roses, thirteen knots and one portcullis (the badge of 
John of Gaunt, founder of the Beaufort family), and 
weighs 40 ounces avoirdupois. Many conjectures 
have been made as to the origin and meaning of the 
Collar, but as yet no definite solution has been found.* 

The jewel, or " Diamond Badge," as it is called, 
measures 3! inches in length by 3^ inches in width. 
It consists of an onyx cameo set in gold, and carved 
with the arms, crest, supporters, and motto of the 
City, with the cap of maintenance in chief; this is 
encircled by a buckled band of dark blue enamel, 
garnished with small diamonds, and inscribed, also 
in diamonds, with the City motto: " Domine dirige 
nos." Surrounding the whole is a wreath of eight 
roses, with the thistle and shamrock intertwined, 
composed of 219 brilliants and 24 rose diamonds, all 
set in silver. The loop for suspension is also set with 
nine small brilliants. On the gold back of the jewel 
are engraved the City armorial ensigns, as on the 
front. The wreath of roses, thistles, and shamrocks 
only dates from 1880, when the jewel was reset. 
When not used as a pendant to the Collar of SS, the 
jewel is worn suspended from a dark blue ribbon. 

Directly I became Lord Mayor Elect I went with 

* " The Collar of SS, a History and a Conjecture," by Arthur 
P. Purey-Cust, D.D., Dean of York, JQIO. p. 30. 



. rassSwasassassa 



the General Purposes Committee to inspect the 
Mansion House, by permission of the Lord Mayor, 
to see if there were any suggestions I wished to make. 
This Committee has the power to spend money to 
meet the wishes of the incoming Lord Mayor, it some- 
times is extravagant, sometimes the reverse; I do not 
know by what rule it is guided. I was much inter- 
ested in the various rooms. The chimney-piece in 
the servants' hall is noteworthy, and records the 
name of the first Lord Mayor who resided in the 
Mansion House, Sir Crisp Gascoyne, whose great- 
granddaughter was the mother of the Fourth Marquis 
of Salisbury. The kitchens are good; they are lofty, 
brick-vaulted, and well ventilated. The cellarage 
also is excellent, and ample. I was able to have my 
own cellar accommodation there some years before 
I was elected Lord Mayor. The Mansion House is 
probably the only house in the kingdom used as a 
residence, as a Court of Justice, and as a prison. It 
is looked at from different points of view by different 
people. There is a story of a man and woman passing 
it on a bus. She was heard to say, " What place is 
that, Bill ?" He replied, " That is the Mansion 
House, where I got my fourteen days." 

The site upon which it stands was originally one of 
the markets of London, called the Stocks Market, 
which took its name from a pair of stocks erected 
there for the punishment of offenders in the year 

It was here, in the open place, that Robert Vyner, 
Lord Mayor, erected in 1675 an equestrian statue of 
Charles II. trampling on Oliver Cromwell at all 
events, that is what Vyner called it; but when he 
bought it, it represented John Sobieski, King of 

This statue stood on the site of the Mansion House in 1737. 

To face p. 40 


Poland, trampling on a Turk. It was altered and 
put up by this loyal Lord Mayor, who was afterwards 
made a baronet by a grateful Sovereign. 

This statue was taken down to make room for the 
Mansion House to be built in 1738. It remained in 
an inn yard in Aldersgate Street until 1779, when, by 
a resolution of the Court of Common Council, it was 
given to Mr. Robert Vyner, a descendant of the 
clever Lord Mayor, and it is now standing in the 
park at Newby Hall, Ripon, where I have seen it. 
I was allowed to take a photograph of it, which I 
have reproduced. 


Now ior the doings of Friday the pth of November. 
There is so much to tell, and I am so anxious to record 
the play and the events of " the day " without being 
prolix and wearisome, that I feel I am facing a diffi- 
culty as great as was that of playing the part 

We did not take up our residence at the Mansion 
House until Thursday the 22nd of November; but 
lived at De Keyser's Royal Hotel from the gth. Of 
course I was up very early on the pth; but I made 
up for it by going very late to bed not quite follow- 
ing the Charles Lamb tradition. At about 1 1 o'clock 
I appeared at Guildhall where a " light breakfast " 
was ready for the Aldermen, Sheriffs, the officers, and 
others who were doomed to be in the show. A light 
breakfast it may be called, but I think a " heavy 
luncheon " would be the correct name for it. The 


procession made a start shortly after u, and I, who 
came last, reached the Law Courts about 2 o'clock. 
My carriage stopped in the Central Markets, where an 
address in a beautifully bound album containing the 
names of the subscribers, was presented to me by 
the late Mr. William Cooper on behalf of the Market 
tenants of the Corporation. A splendid gold loving- 
cup, specially designed and manufactured by Elking- 
ton, accompanied the album. I drank from the cup 
that same evening at Guildhall to some of my friends. 
Again, at St. Sepulchre's Church, in Holborn, my 
carriage stayed a minute in order that I might receive 
a presentation from the hands of the senior church- 
warden, the late Thomas Simpson, on behalf of his 
fellow-parishioners, consisting of an address, accom- 
panied by a silver inkstand, a pair of candlesticks, 
and a carriage clock. 

Opposite to my premises on Ludgate Hill further 
presentations were made to me. One was made by 
the late W. Bland, representing the staff of Treloar 
and Sons; he referred to the fact that many of the 
signatories had, like himself, served the firm for more 
than fifty years. A beautiful silver rose bowl accom- 
panied the address. My friend, the Hon. Harry 
Lawson, M.P., now Viscount Burnham, acted as 
spokesman for an address from the electors of my 
Ward, and referred in sympathetic terms to my en- 
deavours to help crippled children. Then came 
another address of congratulation from the parish- 
ioners of St. Bride, whose spokesman was the Vicar, 
my friend the late Rev. W. C. Heaton. At the Law 
Courts I signed the following declaration before the 
Lord Chief Justice (Lord Alverstone) and Justices 
Ridley and Darling: 


11 I, the Lord Mayor, Sir William Purdie Tre- 
loar, Knight, do solemnly and sincerely declare 
that I will faithfully perform the duties of my 
office as Lord Mayor of the City of London." 

After I had signed this the document was handed 
to the King's Remembrancer. The Recorder then 
read a warrant from the Mayor, commonalty, and 
citizens of London, appointing their attorney to sue, 
prosecute, defend and lay claim to all their liberties, 
etc., in the King's Bench Division, which was after- 
wards read by the King's Remembrancer. 

The Recorder prayed their Lordships that this 
warrant might be recorded. The Lord Chief Justice 
then said: " Let the warrant be recorded." The 
Judges were then asked by the Recorder to honour 
the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs with their presence at 
the banquet at Guildhall in the evening, and the Lord 
Chief Justice answered: " Some of us will attend." 

I was delighted to see in the Court my dear friend 
Sir Edward Clarke in his wig and gown; the sight 
of him cheered me and gave me courage. It was like 
him to be there. 

Lord Alverstone, when congratulating me, said : 

" I have heard with very much interest the account 
brief, but full of incident with which the learned 
Recorder has presented you to our notice. I may be 
allowed to offer you my personal congratulations as 
an old school-fellow [the cadets of King's College 
School, which school Lord Alverstone here refers to, 
furnished the guard of honour at the Guildhall], for 
I learn from the Recorder that you were born a few 
days after myself, and that we were both educated 
at the same school, where, if we learnt nothing else, 


we learnt how to work. I think you have been a 
striking example of the advantages that may result 
from habits of industry early inculcated. The Re- 
corder has referred to the active part which you have 
taken in the improvements in the City, and particu- 
larly to the approach of the Cathedral. I, in that, 
had the pleasure of taking a humble and a less dis- 
tinguished part. I well remember the time when I 
was acting for the Commissioners of Sewers, the 
commencement of that work, the difficulties which 
surrounded it, and the fear of the great expense that 
would be involved. I am sure, however, that anyone 
who remembers Ludgate Hill as it was, and looks at 
it now, will feel satisfied that the citizens of this 
great City have reason to congratulate you upon 
your efforts, always regretting that anybody was 
allowed to put a railway bridge across that great 
thoroughfare. The Recorder has also referred to the 
part you have taken in connection with the promo- 
tion and advancement of the loan art collections in 
the City, and I am very glad of the opportunity, 
through you, of congratulating the City upon the 
admirable collections of art which from time to time 
have been brought together to delight, not only the 
citizens of London, but everyone who is a lover of 
art in the best sense of the word. I am glad to know 
that through your efforts more of the poorer and more 
hardly worked inhabitants of London have been en- 
abled to appreciate and enjoy these treasures. But 
the subject which has caused me greatest pleasure, 
although it was no news to me, is the active part you 
have taken, and the success of your efforts, in im- 
proving the condition of the children of the poor, and 
giving some pleasure to those who have otherwise no 


opportunity of actually enjoying pleasure, and no 
resources of their own. It is a subject which is coming 
very prominently before our notice at the present 
time. You, my Lord Mayor, will be for the year at the 
head of the greatest Corporation in this country, if 
not the greatest Corporation in the world. You have 
around you twenty-eight or twenty-nine other muni- 
cipalities of, comparatively speaking, recent estab- 
lishment, but yet with great local interests. I do 
not for one moment suggest that you can as Chief 
Magistrate take an active or direct part in any of the 
operations of these municipalities; but you can set 
them an example. The Mansion House has always 
been a source from which have issued many streams 
of sympathy and support; it is, as I have said, not 
possible for you directly to extend your personal 
efforts to the various municipalities which surround 
you; but if, by your example and influence, you can 
inspire in these Corporations the wish to advance the 
cause of physical improvement and innocent recrea- 
tion for the workers and toilers of greater London, 
you will add to the great traditions of the City a lustre 
which will never dim, and which will be remembered 
by generations to come." 

I had with me in my carriage my chaplain, the Rev. 
Dacre Craven, and the sword-bearer and mace-bearer, 
with the sword and mace. I left the Law Courts 
about 3 o'clock, and proceeded westwards as far as 
Northumberland Avenue, returning by the Embank- 
ment and Queen Victoria Street to Guildhall, where I 
arrived about 4 o'clock, rather tired and weary. 

I was very pleased at seeing so many little children 
comfortably seated in various shops and warehouses 
in the City, enjoying the pageant, and I am afraid I 

4 6 

earned the title of " the unconventional Lord Mayor " 
upon this the first day of my office, by having my 
carriage stopped for a minute on Ludgate Hill, and 
stepping out to salute the little crippled children 

The procession was, I think, a fairly good average 
show, if one can judge by the papers the next day. 
There were eighteen bands, and some Crimean 
veterans Chelsea pensioners in carriages; a life- 
boat, manned by a Worthing crew; a car carrying 
Cornish miners at work; a car representing various 
departments of the work of the Ragged School 
Union; boys of the Duke of York's Military School, 
with four /-pounder guns ; a detachment of frontiers- 
men. The spectacular element in the show was the 
historical pageant of famous Lord Mayors with their 
officers viz.: 

1 3th century 
1 5th 
1 6th 

1 8th 

Henry Fitz Alwyn Lord 
Sir John Philpot 
Dick Whittington 
Sir Thomas Gresham 
Sir Thos. Myddleton 
John Wilkes, Esq. 
Robert Waithman, Esq. 

Mayor 1200 




But the hardest part of my day's work was yet 
to come, as, although sitting in the old coach, rocking 
and swaying, is something like being on a boat in 
mid-Channel, it is not hard work for one who is a 
good sailor. 

At 6 o'clock the guests began to arrive at Guildhall, 
and I had the pleasant duty of receiving them in the 

I was sorry that the Prime Minister, Sir Henry 
Campbell-Bannerman, was not able to attend the 

["Punch," November-], 1906. 


Lord Mayor's chauffeur (feelingly] : " Domine, dirige nos. " 

To face p. 46 


banquet. He had just been bereaved by the death 
of Lady Campbell-Bannerman. The First Lord of 
the Admiralty, Lord Tweedmouth, was also absent 
for a similar reason. There were, however, many 
other Cabinet Ministers present, and many Ambassa- 
dors and Ministers from foreign Courts. Amongst 
these distinguished guests were the Marquis of Ripon, 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Japanese Am- 
bassad&r, the Italian Ambassador, the Earl of Crewe, 
the Earl of Elgin, Earl Carrington, L.C.C., the Bishop 
of London, the Speaker, Mr. Herbert Gladstone, M.P., 
Mr. H. H. Asquith, K.C., M.P., Mr. Augustine 
Birrell, K.C., M.P., Mr. Sydney C. Buxton, M.P., 
Lord Justice Moulton, Mr. R. B. Haldane, K.C., 
M.P., the Greek Minister, the Swiss Minister, the 
Belgian Minister, the Swedish Minister, the Nor- 
wegian Minister, Mr. Justice Grantham, Mr. Justice 
Bigham, Mr. Justice Warrington, Mr. Justice Deane, 
Mr. Justice Parker, Mr. J. Lawson Walton, K.C., 
M.P., Sir Edward Clarke, K.C., Mr. Winston Churchill, 
M.P., Lord Fitzmaurice, and many others over 800 

A novel feature was introduced into the scheme of 
decoration by the wish of my wife. The Library, the 
corridors, and the walls of the Guildhall were decorated 
with a large array of flowers, which filled every nook 
and corner; these were all artificial, except those 
which stood upon the tables, and consisted of masses 
of roses, chrysanthemums, carnations, and picotees, 
made by the crippled girls of the Water-cress and 
Flower-girls Mission. My wife had also a beautiful 
bouquet of roses made by these girls; in all some 
30,000 flowers were used, and the effect was striking. 

After dinner the quaint ceremony of " Crying the 


Guests " was performed, and, the loving-cup having 
circulated, I proposed the King's health, and read 
the following telegram from Lord Knollys: 

" The King asks your Lordship to convey to 
the Citizens of London his sincere thanks and 
appreciation of their loyal good wishes and con- 
gratulations on the occasion of His Majesty's 

After I had proposed" The Queen, the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, and the rest of the Royal Family," 
and the Royal toasts had been loyally honoured, the 
senior Sheriff, Mr. Alderman Crosby, proposed " The 
Imperial Forces of the Crown," to which Mr. Haldane, 
Minister of War, in the absence of the First Lord of 
the Admiralty, responded. In the course of his reply 
he said, and I reproduce his words because of their 
significance to these present days, " My noble friend 
(Lord Tweedmouth) and I represent in the Govern- 
ment the care of the Imperial Forces. 

' We may wish, and we do wish, that the nations 
would abate the rivalry of armament. We may think, 
and we do think, that it is a duty of every Christian 
people to try what it can do to set an example, and to 
give a lead. But this we know, that unless response 
is made, unless the change comes, it is impossible in 
the interests of peace itself for any nation to let down 
its strength. And, therefore, speaking not only in 
the name of my noble friend, but speaking in the 
name of His Majesty's Ministers, I say that our policy, 
and our solemn obligation is to maintain at the 
present juncture, in their full strength, the fighting 
efficiency of the forces of the Crown. 

" Ours not to attack, ours to defend; and yet 


defence means the capacity of swift and prompt 
action if once the moment comes when diplomacy can 
avail no more. That is not the spirit of militarism. 

" On the contrary, we would fain see things 
changed, fain see the time which I believe will come, 
when nations will look back upon such periods as 
ours as periods of barbarism, and wonder how men 
could spend millions unnecessarily to the prejudice 
of the problems around them. 

" Yet we must deal with the circumstances of our 
times, and we must be prepared to face the emer- 
gencies of our time." 

Other speakers were the Marquis of Ripon, Baron 
Komura, Mr. Sheriff Dunn, Lord Justice Fletcher 
Moulton, the Attorney-General, the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, the late Lord Mayor, Sir Walter Vaughan 
Morgan, and then " the company dispersed." Some 
went to the Council Chamber, where a concert was 
given by students of the Guildhall School of Music; 
others to the Smoking-room, or to the Library, where 
dancing proceeded for some time; some, wiser in 
their generation than the others, went home to bed, 
and, as Pepys might have said if he had been in my 
place, " so away home to bed with infinite content 
at this ' my day/ for it was mighty pretty and every- 
thing mighty rich; but methinks it do seem a great 
expense for one day, and it pleases me to know that 
the Sheriffs must bear half the cost." 

Probably the banquet on the pth of November had 
its origin in the Lord Mayor inviting a few personal 
friends to a feast to celebrate his election, and as the 
electors were the members of the Livery, it would 
have been from that body that his list of guests was 


It is evident that prior to the year 1777 the members 
of the Court of Common Council were not invited, 
and formed no part of the company at the banquet. 

In that year the Council recommended the appoint- 
ment of a Committee, to consist of twelve members 
of the Court, eight to be nominated by the Lord 
Mayor and Sheriffs, and four by the Court, to super- 
intend the entertainment ; and a further recommenda- 
tion suggested that the sum of 500 should be allowed 
to the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs towards the expenses. 

We must remember that the Lord Mayors did not 
then receive a fixed allowance as at present, their 
emolument was by fees. All the reports I have 
examined go to show that the Common Council have 
always been anxious to control the management of 
the banquet. 

It appears that what was called the fitting up of 
the Guildhall for the banquet was done under the 
direction of the Court of Aldermen; all the reports, 
resolutions, and recommendations tend to show that 
the members of the Court of Common Council resented 
the fact that it was so. On the pth of October, 1781, 
it was recommended that the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs 
should entertain the members of the Corporation and 
their ladies at the Guildhall on Lord Mayor's Day 
next. In 1838 it was recommended that the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs should no longer sit 
at raised tables separated from the members of the 
Court of Common Council, as such distinction tended 
to degrade the members. At this time a light iron 
railing, 4 feet high, was put up across the Guildhall 
at the end of the short tables to preserve order at the 
The question of seating the guests was referred to 


in 1868, 1872, 1873, and 1874, and the position and 
shape of the tables, the number of inches to be occu- 
pied by each guest, and such matters, were all dis- 

The Court wished to know also whether special 
seats (apart from their several Wards) could not be 
allocated to the Chairmen of Committees and their 

At present the number of seats arranged for is, I 
think, 855 and 412 of these are occupied by the 
members of the Court of Common Council and their 
ladies the remaining 443 seats are for the Lord 
Mayor and Sheriffs and their friends, the Aldermen, 
the high officers and their ladies, the officers of State, 
Judges, Ambassadors, Ministers, treasurers of Royal 
Hospitals and Inns of Court, etc. 

At present the expense of the banquet and show is 
borne by the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs; perhaps the 
time may come when the Corporation will bear this 
expense, and the Sheriffs be relieved of spending 
1,000 each, and the Lord Mayor 2,000, on the 9th 
of November. 

For, after all, this is much more than a personal 
occasion. The Guildhall, during the hours of the 
banquet, is a focus of interest to every part of the 
Empire, as well as to foreign Governments, who know 
that Ministerial pronouncements of the first signifi- 
cance are delivered there. It needs no words of mine 
to point its historical importance. Many sovereigns, 
and most of our greatest statesmen have spoken under 
its roof. Read the inscriptions on the monuments, 
and you get some, though but a slight, impression of 
the widespread influence that has been exerted there. 

The Guildhall has often been the sounding-board 


of the Empire; for I say it with pride the City of 
London has never faltered in its stand for liberty, 
justice, and humanity; it has helped with both hands 
every cause that improves the condition of sufferers 
and the weak; and has backed these activities of 
spirit with a hospitality, I venture to believe, un- 



" All life is a stage and a game; either learn to play it, 
laying by seriousness, or bear its pains." PALLADAS. 

THE LORD MAYOR, 1906-7. 

From the original painting by /'. Tennysan Cole, presented to the Guildhall by 
Sir William H. Dunn. Bart, 

To face p. 54 



Friday, 9th November. In the Great Assembly Hall 
at Whitechapel there was another banquet, to 2,140 
poor men, women, and children. The event is an 
annual one, and the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs sub- 
scribe towards the cost. It was organised twenty 
years ago, mainly through the efforts of Mr. F. N. 
Charrington, a son of the founder of the famous 
brewery firm. When twenty-one years of age he 
declined a partnership in the firm, preferring to devote 
his life to evangelical work amongst the East End 
poor. His work is quite unsectarian, and has, 1 
believe, been very successful. 

Saturday, 10th November. My first function. I went 
to a concert at Queen's Hall. This was a " West 
Country festival," and was attended by some 
thousands of Cornish and Devonshire people; Mr. 
Croydon Marks, Member of Parliament for the Laun- 
ceston Division, presided. There was much singing of 
" Trelawny," and of " The Land between the Seas," 
" O Devon, my Devon," and some comic recitations 
of humorous Cornish stories, and as a bonne bouche, a 
speech from the newly hatched Lord Mayor, up to 
which time I think all the West Country people had 
thoroughly enjoyed themselves. 

I once received good advice from an octogenarian 
Cornishman, whom I met near the Lizard; he told 

55 6 


me to get plenty of fresh air, plenty of good company, 
no smoking, not too much whisky, and never to cross 
a bridge until I came to it. It was on the principle 
of not meeting care or trouble half-way that I acted 
on the previous day, for I remembered that Shake- 
speare, who knew everything, said : 

" Come what, come may, 
Time and the hour get through the Lord Mayor's day." 

A meeting of the Society of Cogers was held at 
Cogers' Hall, Fleet Street, Lieutenant-Colonel R. 
Manifold Craig opening a debate on " The Govern- 
ment Speeches at the Guildhall Banquet." The 
Grand Coger referred to the fact that in the Lord 
Mayor's Show they witnessed representatives of two 
former members of the Society, Wilkes and Waithman ; 
and their President of to-day, Sir William Treloar, the 
Lord Mayor. The survival, he said, of the Civic 
Procession was not more remarkable than was that 
of the Cogers. Both served a useful purpose the 
pageant, to remind the citizens through the eye of 
their civic duties; and the Cogers to inform the 
citizens through the ear of their civic and national 

Monday, 12th November. I went in state with the 
Sheriffs to lay the foundation-stone of a new building 
for the Gospel Lighthouse Mission. I was received 
by the Member for Southwark, Mr. R. K. Causton, 
now Lord Southwark, the Mayor (Mr. Hilton), and 
Miss H . Gladstone, who made a charming little speech 
in thanking me. 

Forty years before this I had lived for five years 
in Southwark, as my father then had a factory there, 
which factory I still keep going to-day. For five 


years I used to ring the workpeople in to work at 
6 a.m., acting in every way as foreman. I worked 
very hard then, and the experience did me good, and 
has been of great help to me. 

Tuesday, 13th November. For the first time a King 
of Norway paid a visit in state to the City of London. 
King Haakon and Queen Maud came from Windsor 
to Paddington by special train, arriving there about 
noon. A guard of honour was formed by the Cold- 
stream Guards, and a sovereign escort of Life Guards 
was waiting their arrival. They took their seats in a 
postillion landau, drawn by six bay horses. 

Before this an address had been presented by the 
Mayor of Paddington (Mr. Herbert Lidiard), and 
some other quick ceremonies and compliments had 
been performed. Then on went the glittering caval- 
cade, en route for Guildhall. At Oxford Circus the 
Mayors of Westminster (Mr. G. W. Tallents), Holborn 
(Mr. D. Rawlins, K.C.), and Marylebone (Sir T. H. 
Brooke-Hitching), were assembled with their Coun- 
cillors in robes of office, and presented a joint address 
of welcome. The Lady Mayoress and I were early 
at Guildhall to receive the guests, who began to arrive 
about 12 o'clock. I wore an ermine robe, which is 
de rigueur when a Lord Mayor receives Royalty. 
According to ancient custom this robe is provided 
and paid for by the Court of Aldermen, and becomes 
the property of the Lord Mayor. 

A list of the celebrities who came to the Library 
for presentation from 12 to i o'clock would fill many 
pages, and cannot therefore be given; all the leading 
statesmen, soldiers, and churchmen were present, 
including:,; the Norwegian Minister, Dr. Fridtjof 


At about 11.45 I went from the Library to the 
Porch, or entrance, of Guildhall, with the Lady 
Mayoress and the Reception Committee, to receive 
the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Duke and 
Duchess of Connaught, and Princess Patricia, Alder- 
man Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., taking my place in 
the Library during my absence. At i o'clock the 
silver trumpets gave warning by a fanfare that the 
King and Queen of Norway had arrived; so the 
Duke of Fife, with Princess Patricia of Connaught, 
led a procession from the Porch to the Library, 
followed by the Duke of Connaught with the Princess 
of Wales, wearing a costume of heliotrope and two 
orders set in diamonds. The Prince of Wales, wearing 
an Admiral's uniform, escorted the Duchess of Con- 
naught; then I came, with Queen Maude, who was 
wearing a heliotrope dress and toque to match, an 
ermine stole covering a bodice covered with rich 
cream lace; then the King of Norway escorted my 
wife. He was wearing naval uniform, over which 
was the broad ribbon of the Order of the Garter, 
with which he had been invested the previous 

The Band of the Royal Artillery stationed in the 
Library played " God save the King." As we en- 
tered the Library there was much cheering by the 
guests there, and so we proceeded to the dais, where 
we took our allotted seats. 

The Town Clerk gave the usual signal (two knocks) 
for calling the Court to order, for a Court of Common 
Council was now held. He then read the resolution 
for presenting the address. The Recorder, in his 
black robe and full-bottomed wig, read the address; 
1 then presented the gold casket, which was on the 

"SKAAL1" 59 

table in front of us. The King graciously acknow- 
ledged these presentations. 

I presented Mr. Alderman and Sheriff Crosby and 
Mr. Sheriff Dunn, Sir Horace Marshall and Alderman 
Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., mover and seconder of 
the address, and the two senior Aldermen. I con- 
ducted the royal party to a boudoir, where the King 
and Queen signed the official register. 

His Majesty then invested me as a Knight Com- 
mander of the Order of St. Olaf, and I wore this 
decoration at once; he also made the two Sheriffs, 
the mover of the address, and the Town Clerk, knights 
of the first class; and the Remembrancer and Sir W. 
Soulsby (my private secretary) knights of the second 

By this time the general company (about 850) had 
taken their seats at the luncheon tables in the Great 
Hall, and the royal party, headed by the King and 
the Lady Mayoress, processed round the tables, with 
trumpets gaily blowing, and the band playing the 
National Anthems of the two countries. 

The floral decorations were the same as used on the 
9th artificial roses, chrysanthemums, etc., made by 
the crippled girls of London. When I proposed the 
health of the King and Queen, I finished by saying 
" Skaal !" in a loud voice in true Norwegian style; 
this salutation was repeated by all the guests, raising 
their glasses. 

The King said: " I am happy in the certainty that 
every word you have spoken of England's good-will 
towards Norway is founded on sincerity and truth. 
We, both of us, the Queen and I, revert affectionately 
in memory to the country where she was born and 
educated, and where we spent for so many years a 


happy married life, where our little boy was born, 
and where I was treated with the frank, generous, 
kindly cordiality of an Englishman during the period 
of ten years, when 1 had not the shadow of an idea 
of the destiny that awaited me." 

The King, of course, spoke English fluently and 
well. He conversed in a very pleasant, frank manner 
with my wife, principally about his year-old son, the 
little Olaf, who was at Windsor; the Lady Mayoress 
expressed her regret that the little chap (though she 
no doubt said Prince) had not come with his parents 
to Guildhall. The King was very amusing about my 
speech, which I had, of course, carefully prepared, 
as it had to be submitted before being delivered. I 
had provided myself with a copy in very large type, 
from which I could read whilst it remained on the 
table unseen by the audience. 

His Majesty, noticing this, said: "Ah: the Lord 
Mayor is a cheat; he is reading his speech from a 
paper on the table, and the people do not know that 
he is reading it, as they cannot see the paper. Now, 
when I have to speak I must read what I have to say 
from a paper held in my hand, and so all the people 
will see that I am reading it. He is a cheat, this 
Lord Mayor of ours, and I wish that I also had been 
prepared to do as he has done." 

The royal party left soon after luncheon, and the 
King and Queen arrived at Windsor Castle about 
5 o'clock, and no doubt had tea with little Olaf, and 
told him all about the ceremony and doings in London. 

The Corporation of London serves a very useful 
purpose in giving a welcome to royal and other 
potentates who visit this country. Long usage and 
great experience guarantee that the arrangements and 


management of these functions will be carried out in 
a very perfect manner as to every detail, with a touch, 
and more than a touch, of medieval splendour. The 
old Guildhall, the quaint customs, and the antique 
style of dress, give a finish to the ceremonies which 
must impress foreign visitors. 

There is no other body which can in this respect 
take the place of our old Corporation, or do with 
tclat and the approbation of every citizen what it 
performs so easily. The expenses are borne by a 
mysterious fund called " the City's cash." No rate- 
payer is called upon to pay a penny of the cost. 

Thursday, 15th November. Sir Horatio D. Davies, 
K.C.M.G., Alderman of the Ward of Bishopsgate, who 
had served as Lord Mayor in 1897-1898, vacated his 
seat as Alderman on the soth of October, 1906, pur- 
suant to 12 and 13 Victoria, he having been adjudi- 
cated a bankrupt. I presided this day at a Ward- 
mote to elect an Alderman in his place ; there being 
no opposition, and his bankruptcy in the meantime 
having been annulled, he was unanimously chosen 
again to be Alderman of the Ward. He was received 
by the Court of Aldermen and duly sworn in for 
the second time on the 4th of December, 1906. 

As Lord Mayor, I said to him then: " I am very 
pleased to inform you that the Court has passed the 
following resolution: ' That Sir Horatio D. Davies, 
K.C.M.G., having been re-elected to the office of 
Alderman, be invited to take the same position in the 
Court which he occupied previous to the vacancy.' ' 

Sir Horatio died on the i8th of September, 1912, 
and was succeeded by my friend, Mr. E. C. Moore. 

Friday, 16th November. Presided at a meeting of 
Lord Roberts' Committee on National Defence. 


Dined with the Plumbers' Company at Haber- 
dashers' Hall, Gresham Street (Mr. William Douglas 
Caroe, the Master, presiding). After dinner an " At 
home " was held by the ladies of the Court of Assis- 
tants, at which the English Dramatic Societ}' gave a 
performance of the " Interlude of Youth," a Lambeth 
Morality play. 

Monday, 19th November. Opened the Sessions at 
the Central Criminal Court at 10 o'clock. (Mr. 
Justice Grantham; 64 prisoners.) 

Received a deputation of Liverymen, asking me to 
nominate Mr. C. C. Wakefield, C.C., as a candidate 
for next year's Shrievalty; this I promised to do, and 
pointed out that by an act of Common Council the 
Lord Mayor can nominate three candidates, and that 
his nomination of any candidate was not to be con- 
sidered as displaying any favouritism. 

Presided at a Court of Lieutenancy at 2, at Guildhall. 

Dined with the Loriners at De Keyser's Hotel; 
the Rev. G. H. Smith, B.A., the Master, presiding. 

Tuesday, 20th November. Received the Judge (Mr. 
Justice Grantham) at Central Criminal Court at 10.30. 

Attended the Court of the Irish Society. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Butchers 
at their hall in Bartholomew Close; the Master, 
Mr. J. G. Randall, presiding. 

Wednesday, 21st November. Received a deputation 
from the East London Nursing Society, 10.40. 

Attended a Court of St. Thomas's Hospital at 4 p.m. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths 
at their hall, Mr. C. J. Lucas, the Prime Warden, pre- 

Thursday, 22nd November. Attended meeting at 
St. Bartholomew's Hospital at 1 1 . 


Received a visit from Lord William Cecil re North- 
Eastern Hospital for Children. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Fish- 
mongers at their hall, the Prime Warden, Sir Richard 
Biddulph Martin, presiding. 

The Master, in proposing the toast of the Lord 
Mayor and Corporation, said: " The Lord Mayor had 
begun his year of office well ; he had played the King 
and Queen of trumps, and there was also the little 
individual who had gratified the hearts of all the 
ladies of England, and most of the gentlemen, Prince 
Olaf. He had played these three trumps, and no 
doubt had the ace somewhere about him; having 
begun such a prosperous deal, he only hoped, and he 
felt sure, that when at the end of the game the Lord 
Mayor gathered up the trumps, he would find that 
he had not only swept the board of tricks, but that 
he also had four by honours to score." 

In replying, I said: " You, sir, have said that I 
have taken some tricks or played some trumps. I 
want to play a card to-night. It is this: One of the 
chief reasons why I wished to become Lord Mayor 
was that the position might enable me to do some- 
thing permanently to benefit the little crippled 
children of the Metropolis. For more than ten years 
that subject has been ever present to my mind. I 
have been continually confronted with the painful 
necessities of 7,000 little ones, all cripples. Ten years 
ago, when first the hampers from the Guildhall went 
out, not one-fifth of London's cripples were known. 
To-day, I am happy to think nearly all of them are 
regularly visited, and a few of them are even taken 
to school; but much remains to be done. Paris and 
New York are ahead of us. What we want is a cripple 


institution, which shall do its best to cure the suffer- 
ing and then to train the helpless cripples to become 
useful members of society. I am told by experts that 
the cost of setting such an institution on foot will 
be 60,000. Very well; then I ask for 60,000, and 
I am glad that I make that appeal first of all within 
the walls of one of London's foremost guilds, renowned 
for its generous charity, and I am proud, too, to 
believe as I have reason for doing, as I happen to 
know privately from a very reliable source that 
His Majesty the King, who is always foremost in 
helping every good work, and whose sympathy with 
cripples is unfailing, thoroughly approves of my 
scheme, and that I have his best wishes for my 
success. I shall not appeal in vain to the benevolent 
public, and I am sure that the Livery Guilds will 
loyally and generously support a Lord Mayor of the 
greatest City in the world in his efforts for promoting 
a scheme which is of national importance, and which 
has the approval of the Sovereign." 

The Deputy Lord Mayor of Manchester (Mr. J. H. 
Thewlis), in speaking afterwards, said he regarded 
it as a remarkable sign of progress that the Lord 
Mayor of London on such an occasion as that should 
have made the chief feature of his speech an appeal 
for crippled children. Crippled children were very 
largely the result of our imperfect municipal govern- 
ment, which permitted the creation of slums. 

This was how and when the Lord Mayor's Little 
Cripples' Fund was launched. 

* Thirteen years have passed since that memorable hour. 
The scheme has been a wonderful success. His Majesty the 
King has just (i January, 1920) conferred the honour of Knight- 
hood on Sir Henry Gauvain, who has been the able and zealous 




Drawn by G. L. Staiitpafraiii photographs. 

To face p. 64 


The day after the dinner at Fishmongers' Hall I 
sent a letter to all the papers, appealing for support, 
in which 1 stated that " The institution which I am 
advised is urgently needed will not displace a single 
existing agency; it will not compete with the hospital, 
convalescent or holiday home, or special school; but 
nevertheless, it may necessarily partake of the char- 
acter of each." The Press was unanimous and en- 
thusiastic in its support. 

I should like here to acknowledge with lasting 
gratitude the great help given to me in the early stages 
of my appeal by Sir Ernest Flower; his advice, his 
constant help were invaluable; he devoted prac- 
tically all his time during my mayoralty to the work, 
and the assistance he gave me I shall never forget. 
The secretarial and other work was supervised by 
him in the most efficient manner. He had a special 
office and a small staff at the Mansion House, and 
attended regularly every day. 

Friday, 23rd November. Received a deputation at 
the Mansion House of the London Philanthropic 
Society, 10.30. 

Received a deputation of Foreign Consuls, and 
afterwards entertained them at luncheon, i and 1.30. 

Medical Superintendent at Alton since the start of the hospital in 
1908. A new branch was opened at Sandy Point, Hayling Island, 
in September, 1919, and 50 little children are there, bringing our 
number of patients up to 350. My co-trustees Miss Treloar, the 
Bishop of London, Viscount Burnham, and Sir W. H. Dunn unite 
with me in congratulating Sir Henry Gauvain upon the honour 
bestowed. He has well earned the distinction, for it is to his un- 
tiring work that the Lord Mayor Treloar's Cripples' Hospital and 
College at Alton has become famous all the world over. Per- 
sonally I am as much delighted by this honour as if I had been 
offered a Peerage. 


Presided at General Meeting of the Fourth City 
Mutual Benefit Building Society, Cannon Street 
Hotel, at 5. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Patten- 
makers at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. C. A. 
Hanson, presiding. In responding to the toast of the 
Lord Mayor, I said: " If my scheme for the founda- 
tion of an institution for the permanent benefit of the 
poor crippled children of London was not crowned 
with success, I should consider my mayoralty to have 
been a failure, whatever honours I might receive 
during my year of office." Mr. Bram Stoker, in re- 
sponding to the toast of Literature, said: "What 
the Lord Mayor was doing for the cripples tran- 
scended the work of imagination. It would be a 
record of that great and strenuous present in which 
we lived, and which did so much and would do so 
much for the common good. They honoured the 
Lord Mayor for doing so much for those little 
withered buds that come from the Garden of Life, 
and were so soon cut off by the frost before their 

Saturday, 24th November. Attended at Guildhall 
the annual Prize Distribution of the 3rd City of 
London Volunteers. The Lady Mayoress handed the 
prizes to the winners. When I spoke, I admitted 
that I had never been a volunteer, but when quite a 
boy I had attempted to join a corps which was going 
out to assist Garibaldi. My father, however, frus- 
trated my design roughly and effectively. On an- 
other occasion I asked my father to buy me a com- 
mission in the Army. He would not do that; but he 
solemnly promised that if I chose to enlist as a private 
he would not buy me out. I told the audience that 


I was inclined to think that it would be a good thing 
for this great nation if we adopted conscription: it 
would discipline the young men in times of peace as 
well as in times of war. (I think so now more than ever.} 

Dined at the Savage Club, to meet the Duke of 
Connaught, who was that night elected an honorary 
life member of the Club. The Duke said, in the 
course of his remarks, that perhaps there were few 
of those he was addressing who had more right to be 
called a " Brother Savage " than himself, because he 
happened to be one of the " six nation " Indians. 
They live in Canada, not far from Montreal, and 
in 1869 he was made a " brother savage," and 
had a blanket put on his shoulders, and since then 
had been one of the chiefs of the " six nation " 

Monday, 26th November. Entertained to luncheon 
at the Mansion House thirty-seven guests, members 
of the Committee of the Franco-British Exhibition. 
M. Jules Cambon, the French Ambassador, with 
about fifteen French senators, Lord Desborough, 
and others, were present. 

In order to promote sympathy for my " Little 
Cripples' Fund," I held a conference of the Mayors 
and Mayoresses of London at the Mansion House, at 
which many of the boroughs were represented by 
their chiefs, while those who were absent wrote ex- 
pressing their sympathy and offering their support. 
All the Mayors present undertook to aid the movement 
in their various localities, stipulating, however, that 
if possible I should personally attend the introductory 
meeting in each district. This, of course, I promised 
to do, and to attend in state. 

I told them I should not attempt to make the 


scheme a national one, but that I hoped if it were 
successful in London the great provincial cities and 
towns would start similar movements, so as to help 
the poor crippled children living in their midst. 

Dined at Carpenters' Hall with the Worshipful 
Company of Carpenters, the Master, Mr. William 
Robertson, presiding. There was a very large attend- 
ance at this dinner, and I seized the opportunity to 
speak of my Crippled Children's Fund. 

Tuesday, 27th November. Mr. Peacock, the hon. 
secretary of the Savage Club, with Mrs. Peacock, and 
Tom Catling and his daughter, to lunch, with several 
other friends. 

In the evening dined with the Sette of Odd 
Volumes at the Imperial Restaurant a merry time. 

Wednesday, 28th November. Drove in state with 
the Lady Mayoress and Sheriff Dunn and his daughter 
to the British Home for Incurables at Streatham; 
the Lady Mayoress opened a sale of work, the pro- 
ceeds of which were to be given to the poor inmates 
for pocket-money. Mr. H. H. Baker, Chairman of the 
House Committee, received us, and I met many 
friends and neighbours. 

In the evening dined with the Stationers' Company 
at their hall on Ludgate Hill, the Master, Mr. Richard 
Stevens, presiding over a large party. One of the 
toasts was the Archbishop of Canterbury, patron of 
the Stationers' Company. 

After dinner I attended a conversazione of the City 
of London School Committee at the School on the 
Embankment. The Chairman, Mr. Walter Bull, 
C.C., received us. There were about 2,000 guests. 

Thursday, 29th November. Presided at a Com- 
mittee of the whole Court at 12.30; and at a Court of 


Common Council at i o'clock, when 1,000 was 
generously voted for my Crippled Children's Fund. 

Presided at 3, at Mansion House, at a meeting of 
the Council of the Hospital Sunday Fund. 

There was also a meeting afterwards of the City 
Council for the Organisation of Charity. 

Dined at Grocers' Hall Metropolitan Dispensary 
Dinner, Mr. Arthur Balfour, M.P., presiding. This 
was the i26th anniversary. Over 10,000 patients 
were admitted to the benefits of the dispensary last 
year. The medical staff gave more than 27,000 
consultations during the year. 

Friday, 30th November. At 10.20 received a depu- 
tation of the Working Lads' Institute. 

At 10.30 presided at a Court of Lieutenancy. 

At i o'clock entertained Lord Avebury, the Hon. 
W. H. Goschen, and others, to lunch. 

At 3 presided at a meeting of the Chamber of 
Commerce in the Egyptian Hall, when Mr. Asquith, 
an old City of London schoolboy, and Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, presented the prizes, and made a 
good speech on Commercial Education. 

In the evening I drove to Croydon to deliver 
prizes, at 8 o'clock, to the scholars of Whitgift 
Grammar School. The Mayor, Mr. Keatley Moore, 
and many of my friends and neighbours were there. 

" On my way home " from Croydon I went to a 
concert at the Criterion Restaurant in Piccadilly, 
given by the Guildhall Cricket and Athletic Club, 
and spent a pleasant, restful evening. Rather late 

Saturday, 1st December. Anniversary of the 
Queen's birthday. I sent Her Majesty a telegram of 
congratulations, and received a gracious reply. 


Dined at the annual dinner of the Savage Club at 
the Hotel Cecil, Dr. Fridtjof Nansen presiding. There 
were 350 guests. I ventured to tell them " that 
nobody liked long speeches except those who make 
them." Eden Peacock, the hon. secretary, said in 
his speech that the Club drew its members from 
wherever it could find them, sometimes from the North 
Pole, sometimes from the Antarctic, and sometimes 
even from, the Mansion House 

Sunday, 2nd December. Attended in state at 3.15, 
St. Columba's, Pont Street, a Scottish service, and 
took tea afterwards with the Rev. Dr. and Mrs. 
Fleming in Beaufort Gardens. 

Attended a concert at Queen's Hall given by the 
National Sunday League in aid of my Fund, when I 
announced the receipt of 100 each from the King 
and Queen. 

Mr. George Alexander was present, and made a 
kindly speech. 31 was collected in the hall. 

Monday, 3rd December. To St. Bride's Church at 
1 1 .30, to sign the Ward list of electors. 

Went to see Sir Arthur Bigge at Marlborough House 
at 12.30. 

Mr. Gentle, Chief Constable of Brighton, Mr. and 
Mrs. Lawrence, Mr. and Mrs. Lory, and other friends 
to lunch, i .30. 

At 4 presided at a meeting of the Surgical Aid 
Society in the saloon of the Mansion House. 

Dined with the W T orshipful Company of Makers 
of Playing Cards, the Master, Mr. Baldwin Latham, 
presiding. I told them the story of my predecessor, 
John Wilkes, who, when asked to take a hand at 
cards by a royal personage, replied that he did not 
play, for he never could tell a knave from a king. 


Sir James Crichton-Browne told us that playing 
cards were invented in France in the fourteenth cen- 
tury for the amusement of the mad king, Charles VI.; 
cards were largely in use in every lunatic asylum in 
this country, but he did not know if they had a 
curative effect. 

Each guest was presented with a handsome pack 
of cards, the design on the backs being commemora- 
tive of the visit to India of the Prince and Princess 
of Wales in 1905-1906. 

Tuesday, 4th December. Meeting of Wilson's Trust 
Committee, at 12. 

In 1 766 Mr. Samuel Wilson, of Hatton Garden, by 
his will directed his executors to pay the sum of 
20,000 to the Chamberlain of the City of London, 
"to be lent to men who have been set up one year 
or not more than two years in some trade or manu- 
facture in the City of London." No more than 
300 nor less than 100 was to be lent to any one 
person, nor for a longer term than five years, the 
first year at i per cent, and afterwards at 2 per 

The Trustees are the Lord Mayor, the two senior 
Aldermen, and the Recorder. By a deed dated 1865 
another Wilson, Colonel and Alderman Sir Samuel 
Wilson, Alderman of the Ward of Castle Baynard, 
gave a sum of 4,000, and appointed as Trustees the 
two senior Aldermen, the Chamberlain, the Recorder, 
or the Common Serjeant. The Trusts are: 

1 . The presentation of certain rings to the Trustees 
and to the Aldermen at the date of the donor's 

2. To set aside 100 to accumulate not beyond 200 
for a ring for the Alderman of the Ward of Castle 



Baynard, to be presented on the day he is sworn Lord 

3. A dinner to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and 

4. A dinner to certain officers. 

5. Balance of each year's income to be divided into 
sums of 10 i os., and paid to certain charities. The 
Trusts to be suspended if the income at any time be 
below 200. 

Presided at a meeting of the Court of Husting at 
12.30. ihe Common Cryer opened the proceedings 
with, " Oyez, Oyez, Oyez 1 All manner of persons 
who have been five times called by virtue of any 
exigent directed to the Sheriffs of London and have 
not surrendered their bodies to the said Sheriffs, this 
Court doth adjudge the men to be outlawed and the 
women to be waived." The last meeting of this Court 
was held in 1 90 1 . 

'ihis Court is of Scandinavian origin, for the laws 
of Edward the Confessor directed the sittings to 
take place every week. The term Husting signifies 
a court held in a house instead of in the open air 
according to the usual Saxon custom. 

1 wo deeds relating to the City were enrolled at this 
meeting. 1 he Common Cryer closed the proceedings 
by saying, ' ' Oyez, Oyez, Oyez ! All manner of persons 
who have anything more to do at this Hustings of 
Pleas of Land may depart hence at this time, and 
keep their day here again at the next Hustings of 
Pleas of Land." 

i he court of Aldermen at i . 

'1 his Court, according to ancient custom, meets on 
this date to inspect and select the cloth annually sent 
to the great officers of state, and other parties, the 
list of whom is as follows : 


Four and a half yards each of the best black cloth 
are sent to 

Lord Chancellor. 

Lord Chief Justice of England. 

Master of the Rolls. 

Lord Chamberlain of His Majesty's Household 

Vice - Chamberlain. 

Lord Steward. 



Secretary of State Home Department. 

Secretary of State Foreign Department. 

Mr. Attorney-General. 

Mr. Solicitor-General. 

Mr. Recorder. 

Mr. Chamberlain. 

Mr. Common Serjeant. 

Six yards Mr. Town Clerk, and 6 yards of green 
cloth; 4 yards principal clerk in Town Clerk's office, 
and 4 yards of green cloth. 

Cloth notes are also issued as under 

4 yards, i6s. a yard Attorney in Exchequer. 

4 Attorney in Chancery. 

4 The Cashier in Chamberlain's Office. 

4 las. Mr. Recorder's Clerk. 

4 ,, Usher to the Court of Aldermen. 

The origin of the gift of livery cloth is supposed to 
be that retainers of the great lords wearing their 
liveries were so numerous as to be dangerous, and it 
was prohibited to wear liveries ; but an exception was 
introduced in the prohibition in favour of guilds and 
fraternities, and men of the mysteries of cities and 

The Mayor and Mayoress of Holborn (Mr. W. D. 
Rawlins, K.C.), and Mrs. Rawlins to lunch, with a few 


Presided at the annual meeting of the City Asso- 
ciation for the Poor at 5, in the Long Parlour. This 
charity was started in 1 799, and was originally known 
as the City Kitchen, its principal object being to dis- 
tribute coals to the poor. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Innholders 
at their hall, the Master, Mr. A. H. Baynes, presiding. 

Wednesday, 5th December. Attended a meeting of 
the Patriotic Fund, Seymour House, Waterloo Place, 
the Duke of Connaught presiding. 

Went to the funeral of my aunt, Mrs. Robertson, 
Holland Park Avenue. 

Four o'clock, presided in the saloon of the Mansion 
House at the distribution of prizes, City Police 
Athletic Club. 

Six o'clock, attended Grand Lodge at Freemasons' 
Hall, and proposed the election of the Duke of Con- 
naught as Grand Master. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Leather- 
sellers at their hall, St. Helen's Place, the Master, Mr. 
Stanley G. Lutwyche, presiding. The Company 
generously gave me 200 for my Fund. 

Afterwards Mr. Sheriff Dunn and I went to the 
Actors' Benevolent Fund Dinner at the Hotel Metro- 
pole, where Sir Charles Wyndham was in the chair. 

Thursday, 6th December. Mr. Harry Smith and 
daughter, Mr. and Mrs. H. Regnart, Mr. Bernard 
Evans and his niece, and other friends to lunch. 

Presided at a meeting in the Mansion House for my 
Fund, 3.30. 

Dined with my old friends, the Churchwardens of 
St. Sepulchre, Holborn, Mr. Sydney Ross presiding. ^ 

Friday, 7th December. Mr. H. Regnart, Mr. Sydney 
Simmons, and others, to lunch. 


Saturday, 8th December. Presided at Guildhall at 
the annual prize distribution of the Post Office Rifles 
(24th Middlesex Volunteers). Colonel the Hon. F. L. 
Colbourne mentioned that the enrolled strength of the 
regiment was 1,264. Sir N. G. Lyttelton addressed 
the men. 

The officers afterwards dined with me at the Mansion 

Monday, 10th December. Opened the Sessions at 
Central Criminal Court at 10 o'clock. (Mr. Justice 
Lawrence; 48 prisoners.) 

Mr. and Mrs. Comfort and two daughters, Mr. 
Lewis Waller, Mr. C. F. Corbould-Ellis, Mr. W. de 
Selincourt, and others, to lunch. 

Distributed prizes, at 8.30, to the 4th V.B. Royal 
Fusiliers at Shaftesbury Street, N., General Mon- 
crieff, Colonel and Mrs. Dunfee, and others, dining 
with me at 7.30. 

Tuesday, llth December. Opened a sale of work 
held at 93, Eaton Square, lent by Lord and Lady 
Armstrong in aid of the Royal Waterloo Hospital for 
Women and Children. My daughter, in the absence 
of the Lady Mayoress, and Sheriff and Miss Dunn 
went with me. The Duchess of Albany and Princess 
Alexandra of Teck were present. 

Five o'clock, presided at the Mansion House at a 
meeting of the Council of the Dwellings of the Poor. 

Dinner in the evening with the members of the 
Bartholomew Club (Mr. Carl Hentschel presiding) at 
the Hotel Cecil; over 500 persons present. I have 
been a member of the club for twenty-five years ( 1 907) . 

Wednesday, 12th December. Received the Judge, 
Mr. Justice Lawrence, at Central Criminal Court at 


Mr. F. A. Bevan and Mr. Carfey (London City 
Mission) at 1 1 . 

Attended in state, with the Lady Mayoress, meeting 
at Camberwell Town Hall re Cripples' Fund at 3. 

The Mayor, Mr. William Lane Mitchell, and Mrs. 
Mitchell received us. Already they have more than 
200 in hand for my Fund. 

In the evening, at De Keyser's Hotel, presided at 
the Annual Festival Dinner of the Infant Orphan 
Asylum. Sheriff Dunn, Sir Benjamin Cohen, and a 
very large number, were present. A little girl, one 
of the children, aged eight, made a very delightful 
speech to me, and we collected 3,000. This is my 
first public dinner in support of a charitable institu- 
tion as Lord Mayor. 

Thursday, 13th December. With the Lady Mayoress 
1 attended the annual distribution of hampers to 
Jewish children at 12 o'clock, at that beautiful, clean, 
compact Jewish soup-kitchen, Buller Street, Spital- 
fields (Chanukah). 

Presided at a Court of Common Council at i o'clock. 

Attended the Police Committee Dinner at De 
Keyser's Hotel, Sir Alfred Newton, Bart., Chairman, 

Sir A. de Rutzen paid a compliment to the City 
Magistrates, saying they were the wonder of the 
world, and they dispensed justice in a way which no 
human being could find fault with. I doubt if a 
lady to whom I gave a month's hard labour a day or 
two ago would endorse what Mr. de Rutzen said; but 
" the bay horse says one thing, the man who saddles 
him another." 

Friday, 14th December. Mr. and Mrs. George Alex- 
ander, Sir W. Richmond, and some others, to lunch. 


Presided at a meeting of the Shakespeare Memorial 
Fund Committee at 5. 

Dined with the members of the City of London 
Tradesmen's Club at De Keyser's Hotel, Mr. Louis 
A. Newton presiding. Mr. A. J. Balfour, M.P., Mr. 
Sheriff Dunn, and about 300 other guests attended. 
Mr. Balfour made a very impressive speech. 

Saturday, 15th December. Attended the opening of 
the Piccadilly and Brompton Railway, now known 
as the Piccadilly Tube ; and Sir E. Speyer afterwards 
presided at a luncheon at the Criterion Restaurant. 
Mr. Lloyd George was presented with a silver key as 
a memento of the occasion. 

Sunday, 16th December. Attended service at St. 
Stephen's, Walbrook, at 1 1 . 

At 5 attended in state, with the Sheriffs, the annual 
Chanukah service at the Central Synagogue, Great 
Portland Street. Dr. H. Adler, the Chief Rabbi, con- 
ducted the service. Sir George White, V.C., Lieut.- 
General Douglas, C.B., and many others, were present. 

Monday, 17th December. Attended at Marlborough 
House, at 1 1 .30, the General Council of King Edward's 
Hospital Fund for London, the Prince of Wales pre- 
siding. His Royal Highness moved the adoption of 
the report, which recommended the application to 
Parliament for a short Act to incorporate the fund. 
I seconded the motion, which was carried. 

At 2 o'clock attended a special matine'e at the Lyric 
Theatre given by Mr. Lewis Waller in aid of my 
Fund. The play was Robin Hood, I was in my robes 
and chain of office, and so were the Sheriffs. The play 
was a great success. I made an appeal from the stage 
for my Fund, and thanked Mr. Lewis Waller, and 
Miss Evelyn Millard, and the other performers. 


At 8 o'clock I went to another performance in aid 
of my Fund given by the Dickens Fellowship, of 
which I am a Vice-President . The Broadway Theatre, 
Deptford, was the scene of this performance; The 
House of Dombey was the play. Mr. Herbert Tree 
made a nice speech, in which he said it was his birth- 
day, and presented me with a cheque for 75. 

Tuesday, 18th December. Attended in state with 
my daughter and the Sheriffs the Portman Rooms at 
3 o'clock, and opened the Christmas-tree party or- 
ganised by the Poor Children's Yuletide Association. 
Among those present were Mr. C. Arthur Pearson, 
the Duchess of Sutherland, the Duchess of Portland, 
the Countess of Londesborough, and Lady St. Helier. 
The object of the Association is to distribute toys, 
books, and other gifts, to poor children. 

At 5 o'clock I made a presentation of a silver salver 
to Mr. Alderman Hanson, in connection with the 
City of London Schools Guild. 

This day it was resolved to present me with the 
Freedom of the Butchers' Company, and record 
the terms of the motion passed by my good friends 
of the " Art or Mystery." 

At a Special Court of Assistants of the Art or 
Mystery of Butchers of the City of London, held at 
the hall, Bartholomew Close, on Tuesday, the i8th 
day of December, 1906, 

' It was moved by Mr. William Haydon, 
seconded by the Deputy Master, Mr. James 
Kilby, and resolved unanimously, that the 
Freedom and Livery of the Company be pre- 
sented to the Right Honourable Sir William 
Purdie Treloar, Knight, the Lord Mayor, in 


recognition of the fact that he is the Alderman 
of the Ward of Farringdon Without, in which 
the principal meat markets of the Empire are 
situate, and of his efforts at all times to promote 
and protect the interests of the trade, and of 
his practical philanthropy, especially in con- 
nection with crippled children, which has en- 
deared him to all classes of society, and of his 
exertions on behalf of the Citizens generally, 
which entitle him to the highest respect and 

In the evening dined with the members of the 
Farringdon Ward Club at Holborn Viaduct Hotel, 
Mr. Deputy Weingott presiding. 

Wednesday, 19th December. There was a meeting 
at the Mansion House of the General Purposes Com- 
mittee of the Hospital Sunday Fund at 1 1 .30. With 
the Lady Mayoress and the Sheriffs started in state 
for Croydon, to lunch at i o'clock at the Town Hall, 
and at 2.30 to open a new Fire Station, a long and 
tedious drive. 

We were met at the Norbury Boundary by the 
Mayor (Mr. Keatley Moore) and an escort of the 
Surrey Imperial Yeomanry. 

In the evening dined with the members of the 
United Wards Club at Cannon Street Hotel, Mr. 
Harry Bird, C.C., presiding. 

After dinner to a reception by the Mayor of Isling- 
ton, Mr. G. S. Elliott, at the Town Hall, a very 
splendid affair, and a great many guests present. 
The Mayor allowed me to make my usual appeal for 
the Fund. 
Thursday, 20th December. Attended in state with 


the Sheriffs a service at All Hallows, Lombard Street. 
Sermon preached by the Bishop of London. An 
appeal was made for my Fund. 

The Bishops of London and Croydon afterwards 
lunched at the Mansion House. 

At 3 o'clock presided at the annual meeting of 
the constituents of the Hospital Sunday Fund at 
the Mansion House. I moved the adoption of the 
report, which was seconded by the Bishop of London. 

Dined with the Merchant Taylors' Company at 
their hall in Threadneedle Street, the Master, Mr. 
Coles Child, presiding. This is called the Doctors' 

Friday, 21st December. St. Thomas's Day, when 
every Common Councilman has to come before his 
constituents for election. As I write, I am reminded 
that on the nth of December, 1890, Mr. A. A. Wood 
moved in the Court, " That measures should be 
taken to make all future elections to the Aldermanic 
office to be for a term of years instead of for life, 
as at present." 

I was not then an Alderman, and I ventured to 
suggest that " it should be referred to the Com- 
mittee to consider the advisability of making the 
Aldermanic election of an annual character while 
the election of the Common Councilmen should be 
for life." 

There was no contest in my Ward this year. 

In the evening I entertained the representatives 
and some of the leading inhabitants of the Ward to 
dinner at the Mansion House. 75 guests. 

Saturday, 22nd December. Sir Marcus Samuel, the 
Alderman of Portsoken Ward, was ill and unable 
to attend, and as there was a contest I presided in 


his place at the Vestry Hall, Minories, counted the 
votes, and announced the names of the gentlemen 
who were elected to be Common Councilmen for the 

Monday, 31st December. I despatched hampers 
to 7,200 crippled children from Guildhall at i o'clock. 
They were sent in thirty vans to various depots, 
east, west, north, and south in the Metropolis, and 
were to be delivered to the children to-morrow, or, 
in some cases, this evening. The distribution is 
undertaken by the Ragged School Union, with 
whom I have been associated in this work since 1903. 

Before the hampers were despatched a very touch- 
ing ceremony took place : four little crippled children 
were presented to me by Mr. John Kirk, and Leslie 
Lamporte, one of the children, presented me with 
a silver statuette representing two small cripples. 

The little fellow made a speech thanking me, and 
wishing me all success in my efforts to found the 
hospital and college. On a medallion are the words : 

" Presented to Sir William Purdie Treloar, Lord 
Mayor of London 1906-7, from the pence, and with 
the affection and gratitude of 6,000 crippled children 
of the Ragged School Union and Shaftesbury Society, 
December 31, 1906." 

I afterwards entertained a party of 106 to luncheon 
at the Mansion House. Among those present were 
Sir Ernest and Miss Flower, Dr. Sheriff Crosby and 
Miss Crosby, Mr. Sheriff Dunn and Miss Dunn, Mr. 
and Mrs. Arthur Collins, Mr. and Mrs. George Alex- 
ander, Mr. Lewis Waller and Miss Evelyn Millard, 
Mrs. Burgwin, Dr. and Mrs. Eicholz, Miss Adler, 
Mr. and Mrs. Kirk, and twenty-seven Metropolitan 


Mayors and Mayoresses. It was very sad for my 
wife that she was not well enough to be present, for 
the cause of the children was dear to her. 

In the evening I entertained at Guildhall 1,300 
poor children to dinner. Crackers from Tom Smith 
and Co., and other gifts from various people, in- 
cluding a woollen shawl or comforter for each child 
from Deputy C. T. Harris, were distributed. Ring 
and Brymer supplied the dinner. The guests con- 
sumed 1,000 Ib. of meat, 6 cwt. of potatoes, 300 
quarters of bread, 755 Ib. of plum pudding, 600 quarts 
of milk, 1,300 oranges, and 1,300 apples. 

This was the first banquet given at Guildhall to 
children by a Lord Mayor, although it was the 
thirteenth given by me there, and I continue to give 
one every year still. His Majesty the King, follow- 
ing the example of his illustrious father, King Edward, 
contributes to my Fund every year, and I never 
have had any doubt about getting the money for 
this banquet and hamper distribution to " Little 

1907: Wednesday, 2nd January. Attended a meet- 
ing of Governors of Christ's Hospital at 12. 

Dined at Butchers' Hall at the invitation of the 
Deputies and Common Councilmen of my Ward. 
A merry evening. 

Thursday, 3rd January. Presided at the annual 
meeting of the London Philanthropic Society at the 
Mansion House, at 4.15. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of the 
Armourers and Braziers at their hall in Coleman 
Street, the Master, Mr. D. A. Bumstead, presiding. 

Friday, 4th January. Attended a meeting of 
Croydon magistrates, Town Hall, 10.30. 


To the Bank with Mr. Bernard Glover, at 1.30. 

Presided at distribution of prizes (at the Art 
Gallery, Guildhall) of Royal Drawing Society, 4.45. 

Attended a concert at Cannon Street Hotel given 
by Chough Musical Society. 

Saturday, 5th January. Attended in state, at 12, 
the funeral service at Westminster Abbey of Baroness 
Burdett Coutts. 

Attended National Orthopaedic Hospital, a Christ- 
mas entertainment at Charing Cross Hospital at 

At Drill Hall of the London Rifle Brigade, attended 
a dinner to 1,200 children. 

Attended conversazione of the United Kingdom 
Commercial Travellers' Association at Hotel Cecil, 9. 

Sunday, 6th January. Attended, with the Sheriffs, 
a service at St. Lawrence Jewry, n. 

Monday, 7th January. Attended Grand Court of 
Wardmote at Guildhall, it being Plough Monday. 
This Court is held to receive the returns as to the 
elections from the several Wards, also any petitions 
against the returns. 

In the evening entertained to dinner at the Mansion 
House the household and certain other Corporation 
officials. At this dinner the Swordbearer proposes 
the health of the Lord Mayor, and the Chaplain 
that of the Lady Mayoress. 56 guests. 

Opened the Sessions at the Central Criminal Court. 
(Mr. Justice Lawrence; 84 prisoners.) 

Tuesday, 8th January. Attended meeting of the 
General Council of the Royal Patriotic Fund at the 
Royal United Service Institution, the Duke of 
Connaught presiding, 12. 

Attended reception of the Mayor and Mayoress 


of Hackney (Dr. and Mrs. Montagu Miller) at the 
Town Hall, at 9 o'clock. 

Wednesday, 9th January. Went to Buckingham 
Palace to see Lord Knollys by appointment at 12. 

Presented with the Honorary Freedom of the 
Butchers' Company at the hall in Bartholomew 
Close, afterwards lunching with the Master, Mr. 
Joseph Gurney Randall. 

Referring to the fact that after the banquet on 
the 9th of November the food left over is given to 
the poor, I told them that an old lady called at the 
Mansion House on the loth of November and said 
she had come for some of the " remains of the Lord 

Juvenile ball at Mansion House. This is one of 
the prettiest sights seen at the Mansion House, or 
anywhere else. The Lord Mayor with Sheriffs in 
state is a beautiful sight, but the Children's Fancy 
Dress Ball is better at least, I think so. 

There were about 1,264 guests. I am afraid some 
of them had more parents than usual; in fact, there 
were too many " grown-ups " who came to look on; 
but the little ones in their joy and glee made up for 
all. One of my guests was Chang, the Chinese 
Giant, 8 feet tall. There were Sir Peter Teazles, 
Columbines, Cupids, Pink Roses, Little Miss Muffets, 
White Rabbits, Alices in Wonderland, Empresses, 
Kings and Queens, and Robin Hoods, Puritan girls, 
Cavaliers, David Garricks, and even Lord Mayors. 
Supper was served " at intervals," and it was mid- 
night before the Mansion House was quiet. 

A 3 7 oung gentleman named Geoffrey Lewin ap- 
peared as " the Lord Mayor, 1907," and " did me " 
very well. 


Thursday, 10th January. Welcomed at Guildhall 
members of the Incorporated Association of Head 
Masters at 1 1 . 

Presided at 3, at Mansion House, at a meeting 
of the Council of the Hospital Sunday Fund. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Masons 
at Haberdashers' Hall, the Master, Mr. Arthur W. 
Donne, presiding. 

Friday, llth January. Committee of the whole 
Court of Common Council, when I announced that 
the King would open the new building of the Central 
Criminal Courts in the Old Bailey early in February. 
There was something very like a scandal in March, 
1906, because a great effort was then made to open 
this building long before it was finished; in fact, 
the King had been induced to fix a day for the 
ceremony. For what reason, and by whom this 
attempt was engineered, I cannot say. If it had 
succeeded the cost to the City would have been 
some 20,000, and His Majesty would have resented 
opening a building in an unfinished state. The 
following extract on the subject is interesting; it is 
from the Law Times of the 2oth of September, 1906: 

" It will be remembered that an attempt was 
made to invite the King to open the new Court in 
May last; but, owing to the protest made against 
the unnecessary expenditure required to push for- 
ward the work on an unfinished building, it was 
decided to postpone the ceremony until the building 
should be completed. 

"It may be remembered that in March last the 
City Corporation were somewhat sharply criticized 
for what looked like a resolve on their part to have 
the new Old Bailey opened by the King long before 


it could be ready for business ; the project was speedily 
dropped. At the meeting of the Court of Common 
Council last week a report was presented by the 
City Lands Committee to the effect that since the 
end of March no efforts had been spared to press on 
the work by the builders, and that the Courts would 
be ready for opening at a convenient date towards 
the end of October. The report was adopted with- 
out a word of discussion. The affair is, of course, 
none of ours, but we will point out that by the end 
of October the present Lord Mayor will have all but 
completed his year of office. The mayoralty of his 
successor, Sir William Treloar, an energetic public 
servant, will commence on November gth. The 
Old Bailey is in Sir William's own Ward. Would it 
not in the circumstances be a courteous and graceful 
thing to postpone the opening ceremony until he 
has entered on his office ? And is there any reason 
why this should not be done ?" 

Friday, llth January. Travelled to Bristol with 
Sir William Church, Bart., President of the University 
College Colston Society, in order to attend the annual 
dinner this evening. We are to be the guests to- 
night of the Lord Mayor of Bristol at the Mansion 

Saturday, 12th January. I left Bristol to spend 
the week-end with my friend Lord Fitzhardinge at 
Berkeley, and had a pleasant time. He was Master 
of the Berkeley Hounds, and a very agreeable host. 
The kennels, the shorthorns, and the duck decoy, 
the salmon fishing in the Severn, were all shown 
to me, and all interested me much. I was put into 
the Blue Room, where there was supposed to be a 
ghost; but he did not appear to me, although I took 


a Welsh rarebit and a tankard of home-brewed 
October ale for supper as an inducement. 

I enjoyed my week-end at Berkeley Castle; his 
Lordship was most kind. I happened to say I found 
silk tights and knee-breeches very cold wear, and 
shortly after I got home he sent me a pair of woollen 
stockings which he had knitted for me himself. 

He used to send me yearly a haunch of venison 
with a cheery letter. He died at the ripe age of 
eighty-six on the 5th of December, 1916. 

Monday, 14th January. I gave a luncheon at the 
Mansion House in connection with a movement to 
present a testimonial to Mr. John Kirk, Secretary 
to the Ragged School Union, when I heartily thanked 
that gentleman for all the help he had rendered in 
selecting the recipients for my annual distribution 
of Christmas hampers. Lord Kinnaird presided over 
the subsequent meeting, as I had to leave to go to 
a memorial service at 3 . 

He moved in my name, and seconded in his own, 
" That after Mr. John Kirk's forty years' service as 
Secretary of the Ragged School Union, the time had 
come when he should be presented with a suitable 

I went in state, accompanied by the Sheriffs, to 
St. Lawrence Jewry, to a memorial service for my 
dear frieud Mr. Winzar, the Swordbearer, a good 
ceremonial officer, a good friend, and an honest, 
honourable gentleman. 

Dined at the Mansion House with the members of 
the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs' Committee. This is called 
the " Audit Dinner," and is the completion of the 
Committee's labours. The Lord Mayor and Sheriffs 
presented the Chairman (Mr. Deputy Weingott) with 



a diamond scarf-pin, and the Secretary (Mr. Roy 
Treloar) with a gold watch. 

Tuesday, 15th January. Received a Wesleyan 
deputation at 1 1 . 

Attended a Wilson Trust Committee, 12. 

Presided at Court of Aldermen, i . 

Presided at a Court of the Royal Waterloo Hospital 
for Women and Children at Waterloo Bridge Road, 3. 

Attended a meeting at the Holborn Town Hall 
at 4.20, convened by the Mayor, Alderman Donaldson 
Rawlings, in aid of my Fund. Mr. Sheriff Dunn 
was with me, and amongst those present were Lord 
Alverstone, Mr. Reader Harris, K.C., Mr. Justice 
Kennedy, Mr. Justice Parker, Sir Edward Clarke, 
K.C., Mr. Justice Joyce, and Lord Macnaughten, 
who moved the following resolution after I had 
explained my scheme: "That the opinion of this 
Committee is that the scheme deserves the support 
of Holborn." 

Attended a meeting re the Dwellings of the Poor, 
Mansion House, at 5.30. 

Entertained at dinner at the Mansion House my 
colleaguss of the Court of Aldermen, the Sheriffs, 
and the high officers of the Corporation. 65 guests. 

Wednesday, 16th January. The members of the 
Farringdon Club Ward visited the new Sessions 
House, Old Bailey, at 1 1 . 

Received a deputation re French Hospital to 
luncheon at the Mansion House. 

Attended an entertainment at Newington Baths 
given by the Mayor of Southwark (Mr. R. D. Hilton) 
to crippled children. The Lady Mayoress accom- 
panied me. 

Presided at King's College School Old Boys' 


Dinner, Grand Hall, Hotel Cecil. This was to me 
a very interesting and happy evening. One of the 
speakers referred to the fact that the Lord Chief 
Justice of England, the Speaker of the House of 
Commons, the Astronomer Royal, and the Lord 
Mayor were at the present moment Old Boys of 
King's College School. Lord Alverstone proposed 
my health, and said that he had been attending 
these annual dinners for some time with one sinister 
hope, and that was that he might one day meet 
again the boy who had knocked out one of his front 
teeth. He said that he remembered he used to 
attend chapel very regularly, and he regretted to 
have to add that he could not remember young 
Treloar being there very much. He then proceeded 
darkly to remind me that at an Old Boys' dinner 
about six years ago, when I was present, being then 
a Sheriff, I had made a certain contract, and signed 
a certain document, which had also been signed 
by about 1 50 witnesses, and he went on to add that 
if I did not fulfil the provisions of that document 
within, say, the next seven months of my Lord 
Mayoralty, he would personally institute a suit 
against me which would be without parallel in the 
whole annals of English jurisprudence, and in which 
he would be at once witness, counsel, and judge. 

I chaffed him in reply on not producing the docu- 
ment. Was his Lordship afraid to produce it ? In 
its absence I denied its existence. It was only the 
bluff of a clever lawyer. One of the papers next 
day said it was like two schoolboys meeting again, 
and rotting each other. The contract was that I 
had promised to have the Old Boys to dinner at 
the Mansion House. I fulfilled this contract later on. 


Thursday, 17th January. Presided at a Committee 
of the whole Court at 12.15, and at a Court of Common 
Council at i . 

The King has fixed the 27th of February next for 
opening the new Sessions House, Old Bailey. 

Mr. Ernest Lamb, M.P., moved that on the occasion 
of the Colonial Conference, the representatives of the 
Colonies be invited to an entertainment in Guildhall, 
and that addresses be presented to the Prime Minis- 
ters of the Colonies. The mover of such a resolution 
is chosen to be Chairman of the Committee for carry- 
ing out the work; he attains this position by being 
the first to lodge with the Town Clerk notice of the 
proposal. At this Court we elected Mr. E. M. 
Borrajo, Librarian, in place of Mr. Welch, resigned. 

I informed the Court that Sir Dighton Probyn had 
written to me, intimating that the King would give 
a thousand guineas to the Fund which His Majesty 
anticipated would be opened at the Mansion House 
for the sufferers from the Jamaica earthquake. 

Mr. Williamson proposed, and Sir Joseph Savory 
seconded, a motion that the Corporation subscribe 
a thousand guineas, and it was resolved accordingly. 

In the evening attended at Freemasons' Hall, and 
was elected for a second term Worshipful Master of 
St. Mary's Lodge. Afterwards dined at Lodge. 

Friday, 18th January. I find in my diary that 
there was a meeting of actors at the Mansion House 
re my Cripples' Fund, and that we afterwards lunched, 
but I have no record of the names of those present. 

Attended the International Cookery Exhibition 
at 3.30, at the Grand Hotel, and had a very amusing 
time there. My daughter presented the prizes. 

Presided at the City of London College, Moorfields, 


where an address was presented to me by my dear 
friend Sir Edward Clarke, who is Chairman of the 

I presented the prizes to the students. I think 
Sir Edward Clarke was an object-lesson to them all. 
When fourteen years old he was a student there, 
and we all know what his life has been. Politics is 
a thing I do not think much of there is too much 
intrigue in it. Sometimes the professional politician 
thinks more of his party than of his country; Sir 
Edward thought more of his country than his party, 
and the party would not put up with him in con- 
sequence, and, therefore, the country loses the ser- 
vices of one of the most honest and straightforward 
men in the world. 

Saturday, 19th January. The Lady Mayoress 
presented the prizes at the Drill Hall, Bunhill Row, 
to the successful members of the London Rifle 
Brigade, at 8 o'clock. Among those present were 
the Sheriffs, Lord Bingham (Lieut .-Colonel), Major- 
General Mackinnon, and Colonel the Hon. T. J. 
St. Aubyn. 

Sunday, 20th January. Attended in state with 
Sheriff Dunn a service at St. Bartholomew the Great, 
when the Bishop of London inducted as Rector 
the Rev. W. F. G. Sandwith, and at the same time 
unveiled and dedicated the window of the Lady 
Chapel, thus bringing the work of restoration to a 

Monday, 21st January. A meeting of the John 
Kirk Testimonial Committee at 4.30, at 32, John 

Attended, at 8, with Sheriff Dunn a reception of 
the Mayor and Mayoress of Woolwich (Mr. and Mrs. 


W. J. Squires) at the Town Hall. There were 400 
people present. We had supper afterwards in the 
Mayor's Parlour, and got home rather late. 

Tuesday, 22nd January. Presided at a meeting 
in the Egyptian Hall at 3.30 of the Friendly Workers 
among the Poor. 

At 4 a meeting of the Finance Committee of the 
Hospital Sunday Fund. 

Dined at the Albion, Aldersgate Street, which used 
to be a famous City dining place, with the John 
Carpenter Club, Mr. J. Lulham Pound presiding. 

Wednesday, 23rd January. Meeting of the 
Governors of St. Bride's Foundation at 5. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Spectacle 
Makers at Carpenters' Hall, the Master, Mr. Hylton 
Foster, presiding. 

Afterwards went to the Cafe Royal, Regent 
Street, to a supper of the Bons Freres Club (a late 

Thursday, 24th January. To Madame Tussaud's, 
with the Sheriffs, Miss Treloar, Miss Crosby, and 
Miss Dunn, to a poor children's treat. They had 
tea at many tables in the rooms with the wax figures. 
The children cheered loud enough almost to wake up 
the figures. 

The members of the Court of Common Council 
dined with me at the Mansion House. Mr. Domoney, 
the Chairman of the City Lands Committee, and 
Mr. Deputy Algar, Chairman of the Bridge House 
Estates Committee, replied for the toast of the even- 
ing. 271 guests. 

Sir Edward Clarke proposed the toast of the 
London County Council and the Metropolitan 
Boroughs, to which Mr. Evan Spicer, the Chairman 


of the County Council, and Mr. G. W. Tallents, the 
Mayor of Westminster, responded. 

Saturday, 26th January. Presided at a meeting 
in the saloon of the Mansion House of the Advisory 
Committee of the Balkan States Exhibition at 12. 
The Servian and the Bulgarian Ministers spoke, and 
Mr. William Le Queux moved a vote of thanks to 
me. Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria sent me a telegram 
from his Sofia Palace, wishing success to the proposed 

Attended a matinee at the Alhambra at 3 in aid 
of the Jamaica Earthquake Fund. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Fruiterers 
at Skinners' Hall, the Master, Mr. Alfred Bull, 

Sunday, 27th January. Visited the Browning 
Street Settlement, Walworth Road, at 3.15, Mr. H. 
Stead receiving us. 

Monday, 28th January. Opened the Sessions at 
the Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice 
Kennedy; 59 prisoners.) 

Meeting of Jamaica Earthquake Committee at 12 
at the Mansion House. 

Presided at the Mansion House at 4 at a meeting 
of the British Science Guild. The Rt. Hon. R. B. 
Haldane, K.C., proposed the adoption of the report, 
and the Hon. and Rev. Canon Lyttelton seconded it, 
which was carried. 

Attended the first annual dinner of the Australian 
Commonwealth at the Trocadero, Lord Tennyson 
presiding. In his speech he gave utterance to four 
distinct hopes. His first hope was the establishment 
of a distinct scheme or co-operative system for the 
defence of the Empire; his second, that an Imperial 


Intelligence Department should be organized for the 
purpose of educating Cabinet Ministers; his third, 
preferential tariffs; his fourth, that Lord Elgin 
should preside over the conference. 

Tuesday, 29th January. At the invitation of Mr. 

E. A. Smith, Deputy Chairman of the Stock Exchange, 

I paid a visit to the institution at 12. They sang, 

" He's a jolly good fellow," and called for a speech. 

I told them that Lord Mayors did not make speeches 

before lunch. A conversation between two of the 

members was heard; one said, "What a grand 

reception the Lord Mayor got !" " Yes," said the 

other, " of course he did, for are we not all ' cripples ' 

just now ?" 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Loriners 
at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. John Gibbs, 

Looked in afterwards at the Camberwell and 
Dulwich Pension Society at Holborn Restaurant, 
Mr. Howard Colls presiding. 

Wednesday, 30th January. Attended the recep- 
tion of the Mayor of Finsbury (the Rev. George H. 
Perry), at the Town Hall. 

Thursday, 31st January. Presided at the Court of 
Common Council at i . 

City and Guilds Institute Meeting in the Egyptian 
Hall, prizes distributed by Sir E. Busk at 8. 

Friday, 1st February. Meeting of the Actors' 
Committee at Mansion House at 12.30. 

Meeting of the Gresham Committee at 2.30. 
Retirement of Sir John Watney reported. 

Saturday, 2nd February. I was present at 10.15 
with the Sheriffs at the service at the new West End 
Synagogue. I did not go in state. I was received 


by Mr. Meyer A. Spielmann, one of the Wardens, 
and Mr. Jerrold N. Joseph, and was seated between 
them in the Warden's pew; a beautiful sermon was 
preached by the Chief Rabbi from the following 
text, taken from 2 Samuel ix. 13 : " So Mephibosheth 
dwelt in Jerusalem; for he did eat continually at 
the king's table; and was lame on both his feet." 

Meeting at Mansion House of National Society of 
French Masters. Distribution of prizes at 4, and 
afterwards tea. The Lady Mayoress was present. 
M. Cambon, the French Ambassador, gave us an 

Dined this evening with the Society at the Cafe 
Royal, Regent Street. M. Cambon presided, and 
we had a very pleasant time. 

Sunday, 3rd February. Distributed the prizes at 
the Victoria Boys' Club, Fordham Street, E., at 3.30. 
Monday, 4th February. Attended committee meet- 
ing re Colonial Premiers at Guildhall at 1 2 . 

Attended Jamaica Earthquake Committee, Mansion 
House, 12.30. Presided at meeting re Dr. Barnado's 
Homes at Grosvenor House, lent by the Duke of 
Westminster. Princess Henry of Battenburg, the 
Bishop of London, Lord Strathcona, and Mr. Sheriff 
Dunn were present. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Weavers 
at the Albion Tavern, the Upper Bailiff, Mr. W. R. 
Fox, presiding. Admiral Sir Compton Domville 
said, " that the bogy of the German Emperor was 
responsible for the recent naval redistribution 

Tuesday, 5th February. A meeting of the City 
Imperial Volunteers' Trustees was held at Mansion 
House at i . 


After luncheon, the Lady Mayoress held a reception 
from 3 to 5. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Carmen 
at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. C. E. Scholes, 
presiding. He gave me a handsome cheque on behalf 
of the Company for my Fund. 

Wednesday, 6th February. Amongst my guests at 
lunch was Mr. Paiza Okada, of Kobe 1 , Japan. 

Meeting at 4 of Queen Victoria Clergy Fund at 
St. Paul's Cathedral; afterwards tea at the Chapter 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Dyers, 
the Master, Mr. Arthur Brewin, presiding. 

Thursday, 7th February. Paid a visit with Sheriff 
Dunn, at 2.30, to the Crown Theatre, Peckham, 
where a performance was given in aid of my Fund. 
The Mayor of Camberwell, Mr. Lane Mitchell, and 
Dr. Macnamara, M.P., were present. 

Attended, with the Lady Mayoress, children's 
party at St. Bride's Institute at 5. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Skinners 
at their hall, the Master, Colonel St. John Roche, 

Afterwards attended the Mayor of Southwark 
(Mr. Robert D. Hilton) at the Town Hall. 

Friday, 8th February. Received to luncheon the 
members of the Local Marine Board. 

Paid a visit with the Lady Mayoress and Sheriffs 
to the Kennington Theatre, where a special matine'e 
was given in aid of my Fund. 

Afterwards to Hoxton Baths, Pitfield Street, 
Hoxton, where the Mayor, Mr. Edward T. Pearce, 
gave a treat to poor crippled children. 

Dined at the Wilson Dinner to Aldermen at the 


Mansion House. Afterwards went to the dinner 
held by the Scottish Provident Institution in the 
new building just erected close to the Mansion House. 

Saturday, 9th February. Attended Savage Club at 4. 

Dined at the Press Club in Wine Office Court, the 
Hon. Harry Lawson, M.P., presiding. I have been 
a member of the Club for years, and am well known 
to the members. We had a very festive, not to say 
uproarious, night. Directly the dinner commenced 
one of the members smashed a plate with a hammer 
to call attention to a Lord Mayor's show. This 
included the Recorder, the City Marshal on a hobby- 
horse, the Worshipful Company of Street Sweepers, 
the City Hangman with gallows, the City Ratcatcher 
with a mousetrap. The Recorder then recited an 
ode which was engraved on parchment, and sealed. 
From this famous document I quote a few lines : 

" Lord Mayor ! and member of this ancient Club, 
We greet you in tumultuous hub-hub ! 
We hail you ! and our welcome fills the air 
Most just, most admirable Lord Mayor ! 
For once, your civic robes are thrown aside ; 
But see ! the Press Club Marshal comes astride 
Upon his prancing hobby-horse so neat 
(The sole equestrian emblem of Fleet Street 1) 
The Press Club hangman with his hempen cord 
Proclaims the presence of the Mayoral Lord ; 
And hopes that with us you will deign to stop, 
However late the feast or long the drop ! 
Though plain the fare (how can the fair be plain ?), 
We trust that when you've cut you'll come again; 
And if the fare be plain, 'tis wholesome fare 
And easily digested, O Lord Mayor ! 
No turtle soup comes swimming to the board, 
We have no plovers' eggs or quails, my lord 1 
We hope your gourmand tastes will not be dashed 
By sight or sound of sausages and mashed 1 


So clash the cymbals, bang the booming drums 

For, see ! to our Royal Court the Lord Mayor comes ! 

Not in a gilded chariot cometh he 

(With stately serving men on bended knee), 

To take we hope with grace the noisy babel 

Of rapturous welcome from the Bottom Table. 

And if discretion's overrun by zeal, 

We only tell you, sir, just what we feel 1" 

I was then taken to the bottom table, and a fearful 
oath was administered to me. Then the freedom 
of the bottom table was conferred upon me, and 
we drank from a housemaid's galvanised pail (called 
a loving-cup). 

After dinner the Recorder again recited, and 
invested me, " 'Mid dreadful oaths beneath this 
solemn gable, with the full freedom of the bottom 
table." Then gongs were banged, lights were put 
out, blue flames emitted, etc., etc. After all this 
we had a very fine entertainment and concert, 
and Mr. Sheriff Dunn and I got away about 
3 o'clock. 

Sunday, 10th February. Went in state to St. 
Andrew's, Holborn, to service at 1 1 . 

Monday, llth February. Meeting of Jamaica 
Earthquake Committee at 12, Mansion House. 

Meeting of John Kirk Testimonial Committee at 4, 
Mansion House. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Coopers 
at Hotel Me"tropole ladies' dinner; the Lady 
Mayoress unable to be present. The Sheriffs and 
their daughters were present. Mr. John Jackson, 
the Master, presided. 

Afterwards attended reception of the Mayor of 
St. Marylebone, Sir T. Brooke Hitching, at the Ritz 

J < 

U Q 


And then to Lady Portsmouth's reception at 
Mansfield Street. 

Tuesday, 12th February. Parliament opened. I 
attended in the West Gallery at the House of Lords. 

Meeting of Wilson Trust Committee at Guildhall, 

Court of Aldermen at i . 

The Duchess of Albany lunched at the Mansion 
House, and afterwards opened an Exhibition of 
pictures by eminent artists at the Guildhall in aid 
of my Cripples' Fund. The exhibits were all for 
sale, and included works by Sir L. Alma Tadema, 
R.A., Mr. D. Farquharson, A.R.A., Professor Von 
Herkomer, R.A., Sir John Tenniel, R.I., Sir J. D. 
Linton, R.I., Mr. Yeend King, V.P., R.I., and many 
others. I anticipate a good result. 

A meeting at Mansion House of the Council of 
the Dwellings of the Poor at 5. 

Drury Lane Lodge meeting at Hotel Cecil to 
install Dr. Armitage. 

Dined with the London Meat Trades and Drovers' 
Benevolent Association, Criterion Restaurant, Mr. 
Arthur F. Gain in the chair. 

Wednesday, 13th February. Dined with the Sphinx 
Club at the Hotel Cecil, Mr. Ralston Balch in the 
chair. There was an unfortunate breakdown in the 
arrangements; the Sphinx was to have given an 
address, the lights were put out, the eyes of the 
Sphinx shone and sparkled, but his inside a gramo- 
phone would not work. However, 61 was collected 
for my Fund, so his (or her) silence was golden after all. 

Thursday, 14th February. I attended the Levee 
held by the King at St. James's Palace, being pre- 
sented by the Marquis of Ripon. 


Presided at a Court of Common Council at i . 

Attended a lecture in Egyptian Hall by Dr. E. 
Reid. This was a meeting of the National Service 
League, at which Earl Roberts spoke. 

Attended St. Mary's Lodge Chapter Dinner, 
Imperial Restaurant. 

Attended a smoking concert of the Royal Amateur 
Orchestral Society at Queen's Hall. The Prince of 
Wales presided, and His Majesty the King was 
present, as was Count Mensdorff, the Marquis de 
Several, the Earl of Pembroke, the Duke of Rich- 
mond, Lord Alverstone, Lord Bridport, Dr. Nansen, 
and Sir John Fisher. Between the two parts refresh- 
ments were dispensed, and His Majesty and the 
Prince rose from their seats and chatted with many 
of the visitors. The King had a fairly long con- 
versation with me, much to my delight. 

Friday, 15th February. Presided at Mansion House 
at 3 at a meeting of the General Purposes Committee 
of the Hospital Sunday Fund. 

Attended dinner of the Hunterian Society, at 
Skinners' Hall, Dr. Sheriff Crosby in the chair. 

Attended Lady Durning-Lawrence's reception at 
Carlton House Terrace. 

Afterwards went, at 1 1.45 p.m., with Sheriff Dunn 
to the Gaiety Restaurant to sup with the Shakespeare 
Lodge; Mr. Adrian Pollock, W.M., who proposed 
the guests, and asked Mr. Beerbohm Tree and me 
to respond. Mr. Bourchier proposed the health of 
the W.M.; Mr. Anthony Hope proposed the Lodge, 
to which Mr. Forbes Lancaster, K.C., responded. 
The toast of the Sheriffs was given by Mr. H. B. 
Irving, and responded to by Sheriff Dunn. 

Saturday, 16th February. A party of some forty 


children from the L.C.C. Islington School visited 
the Mansion House this afternoon. 

Presided at Hotel Cecil at the annual dinner of 
the London Cornish Association, when 500 guests 
were present, including Mr. Sheriff Dunn, Sir Edwin 
Durning-Lawrence, Lord Courtney of Penwith, Sir 
G. W. Truscott, all with their ladies. My daughter 
came in place of the Lady Mayoress. The Duke of 
Cornwall sent a gracious reply to a telegram, and 
we were all very happy. 

Sunday, 17th February. Attended, with the 
Sheriffs, a dinner at the Hotel Great Central given 
by Maccabeans, Sir George F. Faudel-Phillips pre- 
siding a large and very pleasant company. 

Monday, 18th February. Presided on Founders' 
Day at the Providence Row Night Refuge, a charity 
founded by the late Monseigneur Gilbert. The Lady 
Mayoress and the Sheriffs accompanied me. There 
is in this institution no question of creed, only a 
question of need; those who were destitute were 
helped, even though they might not be worthy. 

Dined with the officers of the London Rifle Brigade 
at the Grand Hotel, Charing Cross. No speeches. 

Tuesday, 19th February. Opened the Central Poor 
Law Conference at 10.30 at Guildhall. Received 
Mr. Walter Long and others. Called attention to 
the fact that in London there are more than 10,000 
poor children crippled by tuberculosis of bones and 
joints, and the necessity for Poor Law Guardians 
and others to try and stamp out this terrible 

Received a Scottish deputation at 1 1 .30 in the 
Long Parlour, before they went to Post Office. 

Presided at Salvation Army meeting at 4.30 at 


Salisbury House, London Wall. Mr. Sheriff Dunn, 
and many other citizens, members of the Stock 
Exchange and of the Corporation, were present. 
General Booth gave an interesting address, pointing 
out that he started the movement forty-one years 
ago. He was about to start on a journey to China 
and Japan. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Salters 
at their hall in St. Swithin's Lane, the Master, Mr. 
Henry Curwen, presiding. One of the speakers 
talked of the silly cry of mending or ending the 
House of Lords. 

I have noticed that frequently those who are very 
loud in expressing their wish for mending the House 
of Lords or the Court of Aldermen end up by trying 
to become members of the body complained of. I 
suppose they think that is the only way to mend or 
end it. 

Wednesday, 20th February. Members of the Irish 
Society attended before me at 10.45 at the Mansion 
House to make the customary declaration. Sir 
Alfred Newton, Bart., the Governor, Mr. William 
Cooper, Deputy Governor, Sir Joseph Savory, Bart., 
and others, were there. 

Attended a meeting of the General Court of 
Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty at No. 3, Dean's 
Yard, Westminster, at 2.45. 

Attended a meeting in aid of my Cripples' Fund 
at the Town Hall, Finsbury, at 3.30. 

Dined with the London County Council Lodge 
of Freemasons at Hotel Cecil. 

Went afterwards to the Trocadero, where the Silk 
Association dinner was held, under the presidency 
of Sir Thomas \Vardle. 


Thursday, 21st February. Attended at 12 the 
opening of a new fire station in Cannon Street by 
Mr. Evan Spicer, Chairman of the London County 
Council. Mr. Spicer very gracefully allowed the 
Lady Mayoress to perform the actual ceremony of 
dedicating the station to the public by giving the 
first call. 

Attended a matine'e at the Hackney Empire in aid 
of my Cripples' Fund at 4, the Mayor (Dr. Miller) 

Dined with the Urban Club at their annual ladies' 
dinner at the Gaiety Restaurant, my daughter with 
me, and Sheriff Dunn and his daughter. 

Friday, 22nd February. Received a deputation of 
the Water Board at 12.45 at the Mansion House. 

The Bishop of Stepney called at 5.30, by appoint- 

Presided at the dinner of the Ancient Society of 
Cogers in Lincoln's Inn. My daughter was with me. 
Lord Avebury delivered a very interesting address 
upon Parliamentary representation; during the even- 
ing it was announced that Mr. A. J. Balfour had 
become one of the Vice-Presidents of the Society of 
which I am the President. 

Saturday, 23rd February. His Majesty the King 
opened a South African Products Exhibition at the 
Royal Horticultural Hall, Westminster, at 12. The 
Queen came with His Majesty, as did also the Prince 
and Princess of Wales. Other members of the Royal 
Family were present. The Lady Mayoress and my 
daughter were present, and the Sheriffs, with their 
daughters. We afterwards lunched with the Mayor 
and Mayoress of Westminster, Mr. and Mrs. G. W r . 
Tallents, at 49, Warwick Square. 



As Honorary Colonel of the ist City of London 
Garrison Artillery I attended at Guildhall at 8, to 
present challenge cups and prizes; the Sheriffs, Miss 
Treloar, Miss Crosby, and Miss Dunn were present. 
Afterwards we went to an At Home of the regiment 
at Cannon Street Hotel. 

Sunday, 24th February. To St. Paul's Cathedral in 
state at 3.15, when a sermon in aid of my Cripples' 
Fund was preached by the Bishop of Stepney, and 
a collection was taken. 

Monday, 25th February. Opened the Sessions of 
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Ridley; 
64 prisoners.) 

Presided at Committee of Jamaica Earthquake 
Fund at Mansion House at 12. 

Attended in state a concert at Wandsworth Town 
Hall at 8 in aid of my Cripples' Fund. Mr. and Mrs. 
James Wise, the Mayor and Mayoress, received us, 
my daughter, and the Sheriffs and their daughters. 
Purses were presented to Miss Treloar, and the 
Mayor said he intended to send 250 to the Fund. 

Tuesday, 26th February. Received the Judge, Mr. 
Justice Ridley, at Central Criminal Court at 10.30. 

Afterwards rehearsed proceedings at Old Bailey 
for to-morrow, when the King opens the Courts. 

Attended at 4 at the Guildhall School of Music 
inauguration of a new organ, Mr. Paul Alliston, 

Presided at 8 in Egyptian Hall at a conversazione 
of the London City Mission. 

Attended at 10.30 the Aldersgate ball, King's Hall, 

Wednesday, 27th February. His Majesty the King 
opened the new Central Criminal Courts, Old Bailey. 


He was accompanied by Her Majesty the Queen. 

With the Sheriffs in full state, I wearing an Earl's 
robe, we met their Majesties at the City Boundary, 
where Temple Bar used to stand, and alighting from 
our state carriages, waited on foot; after I had 
presented the pearl sword, and the King had re- 
turned it, we entered our carriages and preceded 
their Majesties to the Old Bailey, arriving punctually 
at 12 o'clock. I walked in front of their Majesties, 
bearing aloft the pearl sword, and they took their 
seats upon chairs of gold and crimson velvet under 
a canopy fringed and tasselled with gold. A screen 
of white silk, embroidered with the royal arms and 
lion and crown, was behind the chairs, which were 
on a raised dais, on either side of which in broad 
alcoves were the guests. The King wore a Field 
Marshal's uniform and the ribbon of the Garter; 
the Queen a costume and toque of black velvet, 
with touches of heliotrope. I presented the Lady 
Mayoress, who offered the Queen a bouquet of lilies 
of the valley, which was graciously accepted. Every- 
one now being in position, the Recorder, making 
three obeisances, read the address. Afterwards I, 
kneeling, gave the address to the King; then His 
Majesty made his reply. 

I then presented the King with a gold key, adorned 
with gems and a royal crown in diamonds. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury offered a prayer, 
and the King then said: " I declare this building 
now open." Then there was a fanfare of trumpets, 
and I presented the two senior Aldermen present, 
Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., and Sir Joseph Savory, 
Bart.; the Recorder, Sir Forrest Fulton, K.C.; the 
Common Serjeant, Mr. F. A. Bosanquet, K.C.; the 


two Sheriffs; the other Judges of the City; the 
Chairman of the City Lands Committee, and the 

The honour of knighthood was then conferred on 
the Common Serjeant, the King borrowing a sword 
to give the accolade. The Lord Chamberlain then 
called, " Mr. Charles Williams, to receive the honour 
of knighthood." No Mr. Charles Williams appeared, 
and there was a solemn silence. I then conducted 
their Majesties to the lift, in which we were borne 
upstairs to the Courts. This lift is a very small one; 
I have had it measured : the floor of it is 4 feet i inch 
by i foot 9 inches. 

I hesitated as to going in, but His Majesty laugh- 
ingly said: " We can make room for you, my Lord 
Mayor come in," so the King, the Queen, the Lord 
Mayor, and the lift attendant were closely packed. 
The Judges and all the other notabilities went up the 
staircase. The moment we reached the handsome 
Central Hall, the King's eye caught the Richmond 
fresco at the north end, representing nymphs 
dancing. I suppose they are nymphs; they have 
no clothes on. " Not very appropriate to a Court 
of Justice," said His Majesty, with a quiet laugh. 

I conducted the King and Queen to the chief 
court, where the Lord Chief Justice and other Judges 
received them. 

When their Majesties had taken their seats, Lord 
Alverstone, in the unavoidable absence of the Lord 
Chancellor, gave an address, at the conclusion of 
which their Majesties, bowing to the company, 
retired, and I conducted their Majesties to the ground 
floor. Here the knighting mistake was remedied, 
Mr. Charles Matthews, K.C., in wig and gown ap- 


peared, and the King, smiling genially, gave him 
the accolade with the Lord Chamberlain's sword. 

His Majesty, before leaving, expressed to me his 
entire appreciation of the arrangements, and stated 
that he and the Queen were pleased with what was 
a delightful function. 

I received with great pleasure a letter from Sir 
Whittaker Ellis, Bart., the senior Alderman, dated 
the 28th, from Upper Brook Street. In it he 

" Being nearest to you throughout the proceedings 
of yesterday, I cannot help recording at the earliest 
opportunity my admiration at the manner in which 
you carried through a difficult ceremony in all its 
details and changes." 

It was pleasant to receive such a spontaneous 
commendation from the senior Alderman, and I much 
appreciated it. 

Presided at a meeting of the Committee of the 
National Lifeboat Institution, City Branch, at 3. 
There was a large attendance, including Lord Ave- 
bury, Captain Ackland, and the Deputy Master of 
the Mint (Mr. McCartney). 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Grocers 
at their hall, the Master (Mr. William Grantham) 
presiding. The Marquis of Lansdowne was presented 
with the honorary freedom of the Company. Mr. 
A. J. Balfour, M.P., the Earl of Kerry, Mr. Justice 
Grantham, Sir Gorrel Barnes, Mr. Sheriff Crosby, 
Mr. Sheriff Dunn, and many others were present. 

Thursday, 28th February. Presided at a meeting 
of the Court of Common Council, when I informed 
the Court that the King had expressed his entire 
satisfaction, and that the Queen and he thought the 


function yesterday was a delightful one. I con- 
gratulated Mr. Domoney, the Chairman of the City 
Lands, on the great success of the efforts made by 
him and his Committee. 

Friday, 1st March. Privileges Committee of Court 
of Aldermen at 12.30. 

Presided at the Mansion House at the usual dinner 
to the Masters of the City Companies and their 
ladies. This was a very large and important gather- 
ing. 304 guests. 

Saturday, 2nd March. Meeting of children of the 
British and Foreign Bible Society at the Mansion 
House at 3. 

Parties from the British Rambling Club and the 
Borough Polytechnic visited the Mansion House. 

Monday, 4th March. Jamaica Earthquake Com- 
mittee, 12. 

John Kirk Testimonial Committee at 4. 

Dined with the Port of London Sanitary Committee 
of the Corporation at Leathersellers' Hall, Mr. H. S. 
Dove, the Chairman, presiding. The late Chairman, 
Mr. Hastings Miller, was presented with an elegant 
silver candelabra as a souvenir of his year of office, 
the fund for which was subscribed by the members 
of the Committee. 

Tuesday, 5th March. " This is the Lord Mayor's 
first appearance in the part. A soft-voiced lady in 
black stood upon the stage of Drury Lane Theatre, 
holding the hand of gigantic, dignified Sir William 
Treloar; the lady who made the introduction was 
Lady Bancroft. It was Cripples' Day at Drury 
Lane, and she was pleading the cripples' cause, and 
introducing the cripples' friend; the appearance on 
the stage of these two figures hand-in-hand provided 


the enthusiastic moment of enthusiastic hours." 
Extract from the Daily Mail. 

The matine'e given in aid of my Fund at Drury 
Lane Theatre by permission of Mr. Arthur Collins 
and the Directors was a wonderful success. Miss 
Winifred Emery gave a recitation which touched all 
hearts. Mr. Tree and his companions played The 
Man Who Was ; Edward Terry recited the trial 
scene from Bardell v. Pickwick; the Drury Lane 
Company acted a scene from the pantomime, Sinbad ; 
Mr. Cyril Maude showed us The Beauty and the 
Barge, and other items were happily sung or said 
by Mr. Huntley Wright, Mr. Lewis Waller, Mr. H. B. 
Irving, Mr. Ben Davies, Miss Margaret Cooper, and 
Mdlle. Gene"e, Mr. Fred Upton, Mr. Alfred Lester, 
and Mr. J. M. Glover. 

The Committee who arranged this show for the 
benefit of my Fund consisted of the following viz.: 
Sir Squire Bancroft, Mr. Beerbohm Tree, Mr. George 
Alexander, Mr. Cyril Maude, Mr. Arthur Bourchier, 
Mr. Fred Terry, Mr. F. Harrison, Mr. Otho Stuart, 
Mr. Lewis Waller, Mr. Seymour Hicks, Mr. George 
Edwards, Mr. Edward Terry, Mr. Lionel Brough, 
and Mr. H. V. Leveaux, and it is not, therefore, 
surprising that the affair was such a success. 

The programme was a long one; the show, which 
commenced at 1.30, was not completed until 6.15. 

My friend " Jimmy " Glover conducted the over- 
ture. There was a " Blue Hungry Band " with Mr. 
Joe Coyne as drum-major for the prehistoric Lord 
Mayor's Show, arranged so admirably by Mr. E. T. 
Reed, assisted by Mr. Edmund Payne. Some people 
thought that the Lord Mayor's coach was rather 
like a wheelbarrow. There were some old Red 


Sandstone Highlanders, who were very much ap- 
plauded; and Mr. George Grossmith, jr., made a 
fine appearance on a hobby-horse as City Marshal. 

Everyone carried away a copy of the very interest- 
ing programme of the occasion, which will, I fancy, 
become a valuable record and a memorable evidence 
of the invariable desire of the members of the theatri- 
cal profession to give their time, experience, and best 
efforts to help the cause of charity. All fun and 
frolic, and a fine cheque for i ,000 for me at the end. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of the Gold 
and Silver Wire Drawers at Clothworkers' Hall, 
Mr. Richard Stapley, C.C., the Master, presiding. 

Wednesday, 6th March. I presided at a meeting 
at Guildhall at 12, called by citizens, to whom the 
Guildhall was lent by the Corporation, when a 
resolution strongly protesting against the charges 
proposed to be made by the Metropolitan Water 
Board was carried unanimously. 

Lady Beatrice Wilkinson and others to lunch at 
i .30. Lady Mayoress' reception, 3 to 6. 

Meeting of Lord Roberts' Committee re Rifle Clubs 
at 3.45, Mansion House. 

Attended Grand Lodge, Freemasons' Hall, at 6, 
and proposed the re-election of the Duke of Con- 
naught as Most Worshipful Grand Master. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Glass 
Sellers at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. T. 
Lampard, presiding. 

Went afterwards to the Trocadero, where a banquet 
was held, with Lord Burnham in the chair, in honour 
of Thomas Catling, an old and very well-known 
journalist who had been editor of Lloyd's. All the 
newspapers were represented by their proprietors 


or editors. A handsome and well-deserved testi- 
monial was presented by the Chairman, who made a 
charming speech, full of reminiscences of Fleet Street. 

Thursday, 7th March. Visited, with Sheriff Dunn, 
the Commercial Motor Exhibition at Olympia, and 
lunched with the Society of Motor Manufacturers 
and Traders, who gave me 52 ics. for my Fund. 

I called attention to the possibilities of motor 
transport. I said some of the best intellects of our 
engineers and others connected with this trade were 
at work on the motor industry ; individual enterprise 
had made this country great, and individual enter- 
prise would eventually knock out of time altogether 
municipal trading. As time went the brains which 
were now at work on this industry would produce 
something which would make the trams of the present 
day scrap-iron. 

Mr. Straker, who followed me, said it would only 
be a question of time for commercial motors to con- 
trol the destinies of our street traffic. 

Received at the Mansion House two Dutch heroes, 
Captains Sperling and Jansen, who were instru- 
mental in saving lives from the steamer Berlin, 
wrecked at the Hook of Holland a week or two ago. 

Attended a performance of Fra Diavolo by 
students at the Guildhall School of Music. 

Afterwards went to the Great Central Hotel to 
the Music Trades Dinner. 

Friday, 8th March. Received a deputation of the 
City of London Truss Society at i . 

Dined with the Officers' and Clerks' Committee 
at De Keyser's Hotel, Mr. J. J. Redding presiding. 

Afterwards went to Mrs. Lowther's At Home, in the 
Speaker's House at Westminster. 


Saturday, 9th March. A party of forty girls from 
Islington L.C.C. schools visited the Mansion House. 

The Duke of Somerset and others to lunch. 

Went to Fulham with Sheriff Dunn to see a match 
at football between the Corinthians (amateurs) and 
Newcastle United (professionals), the latter winning 
by 5 goals to 2. I presented the shield and medals 
to the winners, and both teams dined with me at the 
Mansion House in the evening. Lord Kinnaird and 
others present. 51 guests. 

Sunday, 10th March. Attended in state a service 
at 4 o'clock at Excelsior Hall, Mansfield Street, 
Bethnal Green, in aid of my Cripples' Fund. The 
sermon was given by the Rev. H. S. Woollcombe, 
of the Oxford House. The Mayor and Corporation 
of Bethnal Green present. 

Monday, llth March. Attended meeting at 1 2 of the 
Naval Fund at the Royal Institution, and proposed a 
vote of thanks to the Prince of Wales, who presided. 

Presided at Guildhall at 3 at the annual meeting 
of the East London Church Fund. 

The Bishops of Stepney and of Islington, and 
Lord Robert Cecil, to luncheon at the Mansion House 
before the meeting. 

Dined with the Sanitary Committee at De Keyser's 
Hotel, Mr. Sigismund Pollitzer, Chairman, presiding. 

Tuesday, 12th March. Deputation of the German 
Society of Benevolence at 1 1, at Mansion House. 

Wilson Trust Committee at Guildhall, 12.50. 

Court of Aldermen at i . 

Luncheon, Mansion House, 1.30, the guests in- 
cluding Earl Crewe, the Rev. J. F. Stein, the Rev. 
A. G. B. Atkinson, Archdeacon Sinclair, Mr. Ogilvy, 
and others. 


Presided at a meeting of the East London Nursing 
Society at the Mansion House at 3. 

Meeting of Committee on Dwellings of the Poor at 5 . 

Dined with the officers of the ist City of London 
Volunteers at the Criterion. 

Wednesday, 13th March. Luncheon at the Mansion 
House to the Master of the Trinity House at 2, the 
Prince of Wales present. 245 guests. 

Presided at dinner of the Institute of Printers at 
the Hotel Cecil. Sheriff Dunn and Miss Dunn, Mr. 
Anthony Hope, the Hon. H. W. Lawson, M.P., and 
many others present. 

Thursday, 14th March. Court of Common Council 
at i. 

Presided at the annual dinner of the National 
Sunday League at the Holborn Restaurant. My 
daughter, the Sheriffs and their daughters, the Hon. 
Harry Lawson, the Rt. Hon. Jesse Collings, Mr. 
Will Crooks, and about 500 guests, not forgetting 
Mr. Morrell, the founder of the League, were present. 

Friday, 15th March. Attended at Marlborough 
House the annual meeting of King Edward's Hospital 
Fund at 1 1 .30. 

Went to a matine'e at Criterion Theatre for Jamaica 
Earthquake Fund. 

Visited the Royal Hospital for Diseases of the 
Chest in City Road. 

Dined with members of the Jubilee Masters' Lodge 
of Freemasons at the Hotel Cecil. Henry Neville 
was installed as W.M. It was announced during the 
evening that the Most Worshipful Grand Master, 
H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, had conferred upon 
me the rank of Past Grand Warden of the Grand 
Lodge of England. 


Saturday, 16th March. Went on board the Con- 
servancy steamer, starting from Temple Pier at 12.50, 
to see the University boat race. 

A party of about fifty of the London and Middlesex 
Archaeological Society visited the Mansion House this 

Presided at the 89th Anniversary Dinner of the 
German Society of Benevolence at De Keyser's 
Hotel. Mr. Sheriff Dunn and the German Ambas- 
sador present. This charity was instituted in 1817 
to relieve the want and distress of Germans in London. 
I was struck with the way the donations were col- 
lected : the Secretary goes with a foolscap book to 
each guest, who signs the book and adds the amount 
of his subscription opposite his signature. 

Sunday, 17th March. Attended service in state at 
St. Mary's, Bryanstone Square, in aid of my Fund. 

Monday, 18th March. Opened the Sessions at 
Central Criminal Court at 10, when I made a speech 
to the Recorder and the other Judges present, making 
this the formal opening of the new Courts. There 
were forty prisoners. The first case actually dis- 
posed of was that of George Sidney Bodimead, a cook, 
who pleaded guilty to stealing marmalade, bacori, and 
other articles belonging to his employer, a coffee- 
house keeper in Fetter Lane. He was sentenced by 
the Recorder to twelve months' hard labour.* 

* I cannot resist at this appropriate place printing as footnote 
an account I wrote of a trial, with a tragic ending, which occurred 
at the Old Bailey in 1902. I was so deeply impressed by the 
circumstance that I sent this description to the Globe newspaper 
(December 22nd), where it appeared as from an " Eye-Witness " 
under the title, " Solomon Barmash's Suicide ": 

" His face haunts me as he sat in the dock at the Old Bailey 
between the two other prisoners. He was paralysed in his lower 


Private meeting of the Hospital Sunday Fund at 
2, at the Mansion House. 

Attended concert of the City of London Residents' 
Club at Cannon Street Hotel, at 7, in aid of my Fund. 

Went afterwards to Bishopsgate Ward Club 
Dinner, Great Eastern Hotel, Mr. Tollworthy, C.C., 

limbs, and had been carried into the dock and placed in a chair 
by two warders. On his right stood his son, William, aged 
twenty-six, on his left the other prisoner, Philip Bernstein, aged 
thii ty-one. They had all pleaded guilty to the charge of forging 
Bank of England notes, aud were now in the dock to receive 
sentence from Mr. Justice Darling. Bat before the sentence was 
passed, at least two hours were spent in hearing counsel in miti- 
gation, and in listening to a long speech from the prisoner Bern- 
stein. The young Barmash had turned informer after his arrest, 
and it was in consequence of the information he had given to the 
police that Bernstein appeared in the dock. It was curious to 
see the way in which young Barmash watched and listened to the 
rambling statement made by the man whom he had given away. 

" He did not appear to be at all moved by Bernstein's words, 
but looked at him and listened to him in a curious, inquisitive, 
way. Neither Solomon the lather, nor William, his son, said 
anything. I wondered why so much time was spent before 
sentence was passed on these men; but it became evident, as 
time went on, that the Judge thought one or other of the prisoners 
might give information which would, perhaps, lead to the dis- 
covery of the forged notes, for notes to the face value of 30,000 
are supposed to be hidden somewhere. 

" During these long two hours or more Solomon Barmash sat 
in his chair listening and looking. He had given his age as 
forty-six. He looked much older, as well he might. He had a 
strong look in his face, a weather-beaten look. His forehead was 
good, it was deeply furrowed; he seemed to follow everything 
that was said or done ; to keep a watchful eye on the Judge and 
jury; and to pay deep attention to everything the Judge said. 
And when the sentences were passed, he still had the same atten- 
tive look on his face. First his son was sentenced to ten years' 
penal servitude. He was told that he was receiving a more 
lenient sentence than he deserved because he had given information 


presiding; and then to the Fulham Football dinner 
at the Holborn Restaurant. 

Tuesday, 19th March. Central Criminal Court at 
10.30, to receive Lord Alverstone, the Lord Chief 
Justice, who made a short speech, in which he con- 
gratulated the Corporation on the New Courts. 

Went to Eastbourne to attend a West , Country 

which had enabled the police to lay hands upon other criminals. 
He was reminded of the fact that he and his father were both 
sentenced for the same crime in this court some years ago, he 
(then only sixteen years of age) to twelve months' imprisonment 
and his father to ten years' penal servitude. Then Solomon, his 
father, received his doom fifteen years' penal servitude, the 
Judge reminding him that he was a forger by profession, that he 
had educated his son to be a forger, and that it was owing to him 
that the son was what he was. 

" As each prisoner received his sentence he left the dock, the 
younger Barmash walking away before the father was sentenced, 
down the stairs to the cells. Two warders stepped forward 
directly the sentence was pronounced upon Solomon, and lifted 
him from the chair upon which he was seated. He placed one 
arm round the neck of each warder, and so was carried below. 
Bernstein was sentenced to twenty years' penal servitude, with 
an intimation that if he gave any useful information to the police 
his sentence would probably be reduced. 

"The Court having adjourned at i o'clock, reopened at 2, 
when three other prisoners were placed in the dock, charged with 
being concerned in the same forgeries, and were found guilty. 
It was while this case was proceeding, at about 4 o'clock, 
that I saw someone whisper to Mr. Mathews, the King's Counsel, 
and heard him in reply say ' Killed ? ' I thought he had received 
information that the informer, Schmidt, was murdered, but I 
soon learned that he was being told of the suicide of Solomon 
Barmash. Prisoner had in some mysterious way got possession 
of a revolver ; whether he had it when he was in court, or whether 
he had it passed to him after he was sentenced, is not known. 
I believe it was loaded in six chambers. He had placed the barrel 
to his right temple and pulled the trigger, killing himself almost 
at once." W. P. T. 


dinner there to be held at the Grand Hotel. Mr. 
Sheriff Dunn accompanied me; the Mayor, Mr. Keay, 
Dr. James Adams, and other gentlemen, met us at 
the railway-station. At the dinner, which was a 
great success, the Mayor of Bexhill was present. A 
pleasant evening, and a cheque for i 50 for my Fund. 

Mr. Harvey Du Cros put us up, and he and Mrs. 
Du Cros helped to make our visit to Eastbourne 
very enjoyable. 

Wednesday, 20th March. Colonel Vyvyan to 
luncheon at Mansion House at i . 

Presided at a meeting of the International Congress 
of School Hygiene at 3. 

Sir Lauder Brunton gave an address on the subject 
of School Hygiene, in the course of which he said 
it owed its origin to the energy and public spirit of 
Professor Griesbach of Mulhausen, and its first 
gathering took place in Nuremberg in April, 1904. 

Dr. Macnamara said that on an examination of 
245 boys and girls in a Board School in South London, 
only three had absolutely sound teeth, and only three 
had ever used a toothbrush. 

The Mayoresses of London attended a meeting at 
the Mansion House at 5. 

Thursday, 21st March. Received Lord Avebury, 
Sir J. Gorst, and others, at 1 1. 

Court of Common Council, Guildhall, at i. 

Sir Benjamin Stone was to be at Guildhall at 
12.30, and I went there, as he wished to take some 
photographs, in which I was to be included. 

Dined with the School of Music Committee at 
Cordwainers' Hall, Mr. Paul Alliston, Chairman, 
presiding. A testimonial was presented to the late 
Chairman, Mr. James Roll. 


Attended- the opening of the University Hotel, 
Endsleigh Gardens, 9.30. 

Friday, 22nd March. Went to Alton by motor- 
car. My first visit. A memorable occasion. My 
friend Mr. J. Hall Richardson, of the Daily Telegraph, 
had told me that there had been erected at Alton, on 
seventy acres of sloping grassland, bungalows to serve 
as a hospital for soldiers wounded in the South 
African War. With the passing of time, the need and 
usefulness of these buildings had ceased and they 
were resting empty and tending to decay. Here was 
an opportunity. With the kind help of Lord North- 
cliffe, by whose generous efforts in 1903 this soldiers' 
hospital had been started, and with the most efficient 
and kindly assistance of Lord Haldane, then Minister 
of State for War, those buildings and the freehold 
land on which they were erected became mine by 
Act of Parliament. 

Dined with the County Purposes Committee at 
Trocadero, Mr. James Lake, Chairman, presiding. 
A testimonial was presented to the late Chairman, 
Mr. J. F. Bennet. 

Went afterwards to Lady Havisham's At Home, 
9, Grosvenor Square. 

Saturday, 23rd March. Presided at distribution 
of prizes by Mr. Haldane at Guildhall, at 4, to the 
ist Cadet Batt. of the King's Royal Rifle Corps. 

Sunday, 24th March. Went in robes to Dawes 
Congregational Church, Fulham, at 3 o'clock, to 
give an address on Pleasant Sunday Afternoons to 
assist the Mayor, Mr. J. M. Littleboy, in his efforts 
for my Cripples' Fund. 

Monday, 25th March. Dined with the Billingsgate 
and Leadenhall Markets Committee at the Imperial 



Restaurant, Regent Street, Mr. Marcus R. Sewill, 
C.C., presiding, when a testimonial was presented to 
Mr. J. Rowland Brough, the late Chairman. 

Tuesday, 26th March. Mr. Henry Neville, Mr. 
Harry Nicholls, and others, to lunch. 

Dined with the Cattle Markets Committee at 
De Keyser's Hotel, Mr. W. Mann Cross, the Chairman, 
presiding, when a testimonial was presented to Mr. 
A. L. Bower, the late Chairman. 

Wednesday, 27th March. Mr. William Crooks, 
M.P., and Mrs. Crooks, Mr. Tree and Mrs. Ford of 
St. Leonard's, Mr. William Rome and daughter, with 
others, to luncheon. 

Went with the Lady Mayoress to an exhibition of 
work done by cripples at De Keyser's Hotel, 3. 

Dined with the Finance and Improvements Com- 
mittee in the old Council Chamber at Guildhall, the 
Chairman, Mr. Walter Dennis, presiding, when a 
testimonial was presented to the late Chairman, Sir 
George Woodman. 

Saturday, 30th March. A party of about thirty 
Good iemplars were shown over the Mansion 

Monday, 1st April. A party from York visited 
the Mansion house; tea at 5. 

Wednesday, 3rd April. Meeting of the Court of 
Governors of Christ's Hospital at 12. 

Friday, 5th April. Opened the Building Trades 
Exhibition at Olympia at 12. Luncheon there at i. 
Mr. Aston Webb proposed my health. Mr. Frampton, 
R.A.,and Mr. Leonard Stokes were present. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Turners 
at Leathersellers' Hall, Mr. Edward Terry, J.P., the 
Upper vVarden, presiding. 

fr BEERBOHM r^^g 




Sunday, 7th April. Attended St. Dunstan's Church, 
Stepney, offertory for my Fund. 

Presided at a " send off " dinner to Mr. Beerbohm 
Tree at Hotel Cecil previous to his departure for 
Berlin ; many Germans as well as Englishmen present. 

Mr. Ludwig Hollhausen said to Tree: " You go 
to Berlin, sir, at the invitation of an Emperor who 
has the soul of an artist and the heart of a soldier." 
During the evening I sent the following telegram to 
the Kaiser: " English and German friends and 
disciples of art, assembled, in the name of Shake- 
speare, with Mr. Tree on the eve of his leaving for 
Germany, beg to present to your Majesty, the great 
protector of art, our respectful greetings." 

Monday, 8th April. Dined with the Library Com- 
mittee in the Guildhall Art Gallery, Mr. Deputy 
Ellis, the Chairman, presiding. 

A very good loan collection of Danish pictures has 
been arranged in the Galleries, and the Danish 
Minister, M. de Bille, made an excellent speech in 
English. A testimonial was presented to the late 
Chairman, Mr. C. F. Corbould-Ellis. Mr. Bram 
Stoker responded for the visitors. 

Attended a Bohemian Concert in aid of my Cripples' 
Fund at Cannon Street Hotel. 

Tuesday, 9th April. Presided at a Committee of 
the whole Court at 12.30. 

Presided at a Court of Aldermen at i , when I 
nominated Mr. C. C. Wakefield, C.C., and Mr. T. B. 
Baptie as candidates for the office of Sheriff, the 
election for which takes place on the 24th of June next. 

I had a large party to luncheon at the Mansion 
House, and afterwards opened at Guildhall the 
Exhibition of Danish pictures. 


Presided at a meeting of the Committee re the 
Dwellings of the Poor at the Mansion House at 5. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Black- 
smiths at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. Alfred 
Barrow, presiding. 

Attended afterwards a dance given by the Mayor 
of Paddington, Mr. Herbert Liddiard, at Paddington 
Baths, Queen's Road, in aid of my Fund. 

Attended Kensington College in the same neigh- 
bourhood, and received a gift from the pupils for 
my Fund. 

Wednesday, 10th April. Attended in state, Christ 
Church, Newgate Street, to hear the Spital sermon 
by the Bishop of Southwark. A special prayer was 
offered for the Lord Mayor and the Court of Alder- 
men. I think there is no one that requires to 
be prayed for more than a Lord Mayor, and I 
much question if once a year is enough; but it has 
been going on for some years, and may have done 
some good, although I have not discerned it. 

Presided at the Easter banquet at the Mansion 
House, a very large and influential gathering. 305 

Thursday, llth April. Presided at a Court of 
Common Council at Guildhall at i . 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Wheel- 
wrights at De Keyser's Hotel, the Master, Mr. G. E. 
Cockram, presiding. Dr. Sheriff Crosby and Mr. 
Sheriff Dunn and a large number of guests were 

Friday, 12th April. Presided at a meeting at 
Guildhall at 3 of the Hospital Sunday Fund Council. 

Dined with the Honble. Artillery Company at the 
Barracks in Bunhill Fields. 


Afterwards went to a reception by the Mayor of 
Stoke Newington, Mr. William B. Trick, at the 
Highbury Athenaeum. 

Saturday, 13th April. Presided at a dinner given 
in honour of Brother J. Fraser, Grand Treasurer, of 
Freemasons, at Hotel Cecil. 

Monday, 15th April. Presided at Jamaica Earth- 
quake Committee, Mansion House, at 12. 

Went to Guildhall to a rehearsal of the reception 
of the Colonial Premiers, 2.30. 

John Kirk Testimonial Committee at Mansion 
House at 4. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Frame- 
work Knitters at Saddlers' Hall, the Master, Mr. 
Deputy Baddeley, presiding. An announcement was 
made that the Company will dispose of the present 
almshouses in Kingsland, and build others at Leicester. 

The Master handed me two cheques for my Fund, 
one from the Company, the other from himself. 

Afterwards went to Countess Beauchamp's At 
Home at 13, Belgrave Square. 

Tuesday, 16th April. Reception at Guildhall, at 
12, of the Colonial Premiers, and presentation of the 
Freedom to them. They were the Rt. Hon. Sir 
Wilfred Laurier, the Hon. A. Deakin, the Hon. Sir 
Joseph Ward, the Hon. Dr. L. S. Jameson, the Hon. 
F. R. Moor, General the Hon. Louis Botha, the 
Prime Ministers respectively of Canada, Australia, 
New Zealand, Cape Colony, Natal, and the Transvaal. 
The declaration they all made and signed was " that 
they were men of good name and fame, that they 
do not desire the Freedom of the City whereby to 
defraud the King or this City of any of their rights, 
customs, or advantages; but that they would pay 
their scot and bear their lot." 



From the drawing by Ernest Prater. 

To face p. 124 


I do not think the City ever had quite such a 
scene as this function provided. The Prime Minister 
and all the great officers of State and Church were 
present ; and it added to the romance of the occasion 
to see Field-Marshal Earl Roberts chatting with 
General Louis Botha and Dr. Jameson, presently to 
be joined by the hero of Ladysmith, Sir George 
White. Then to see the six gold boxes, all alike in 
shape and size, with different ornamental medallions. 
Mr. Winston Churchill was present, he who shortly 
afterwards spoke of " the good stout door of British 
oak," which was not only " banged " against an 
Imperial understanding, but " barred and bolted." 
After the presentations and addresses and replies 
had been got over, we sat down to luncheon in the 
Great Hall, and there we had a lot more talking, 
and very good talking, and so made a finish. Later 
on, the Chairman of the Committee, Mr. Ernest 
Lamb, having the good-fortune to be a Member of 
Parliament of the " right " colour, received from a 
grateful Government the honour of a C.M.G. in 
acknowledgment of all that had been done by the 
Corporation on this occasion. 

At 3.30 I presided at the Mansion House at a 
meeting of the Fresh Air Fund. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Horners 
at Grocers' Hall, the Master, Mr. H. S. Foster, pre- 
siding, who gave me a very nice cheque for my Fund. 
Afterwards attended a reception of the Japan 
Society at the Institute of Painters in Water Colours. 
Wednesday, 17th April. Attended a meeting in the 
Egyptian Hall of the United Kingdom Railway 
Temperance Union, 6. 

Attended evening service at 7, at St. Sepulchre's 
Church, Holborn. 


Went afterwards to the Hotel Cecil to the dinner 
of the Association of Municipal Corporations. 

Thursday, 18th April. Presided at Guildhall at the 
meeting of the Association of Municipal Corporations ; 
many provincial and country mayors present. 

Received the members afterwards to lunch at the 
Mansion House. 229 guests. 

Attended a performance in aid of my Fund at the 
Paragon Theatre, Mile End Road, organised by Mr. 
H. H. Wells, C.C. 

Dined with the Society of Architects at De Keyser's 
Hotel, Mr. Pridmore presiding. 

Attended the Police Orphanage Ball at Cannon 
Street Hotel at 10. 

Attended a dance at Cable Street, St. George 's-in- 
the-East, in aid of my Fund. 

Friday, 19th April. Presided at a Committee of 
the whole Court. 

Lunched with the Imperial Industries Club, De 
Keyser's Hotel, Sir G. Hayter Chubb, Bart., presiding. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Cutlers, 
the Master, Mr. C. J. Scott, presiding. 

Went afterwards to a monster whist drive, in aid 
of my Fund at the New Town Hall, Hackney, the 
Mayor, Dr. Frederick M. Miller, presiding. 

Saturday, 20th April. Laid the foundation-stone 
of the new St. James's Hall, Great Portland Street, 
at 12. 

A party from Hornsey visited the Mansion House 

at 3. 

Annual meeting of the Hospital Saturday Fund. 
Lady Mayoress presented medals. 

Attended the 39th Annual Dinner of French 
Hospital at Hotel Cecil, M. Cambon, the French 
Ambassador, presiding. 



Sunday, 21st April. Attended in state a service 
at the Hampstead Synagogue, West End Lane, at 
3.30, in aid of my Fund. 

Monday, 22nd April. Opened the Sessions at 
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Justices Jelf and 
Bray; 91 prisoners.) 

The German Consul-General, with Mr. D. Malcolm 
Scott, and others, to lunch at 1.30. 

Attended in state the annual meeting of the 
Working Lads' Institute, 279, Whitechapel Road, 
3 o'clock, when the Lady Mayoress distributed prizes. 

Conversazione to the London Shakespeare League, 
who gave Morris dances, folk-songs, and games, at 
the Mansion House at 8.30. 750 guests. 

Tuesday, 23rd April. Received the Recorder, Sir 
Forrest Fulton, K.C.,at 10.30 at the Central Criminal 

Attended the Empire Education Committee Meeting 
at Guildhall, 12. 

Attended a concert given at the Mansion House 
in aid of my Fund by the Musicians' Company, 5. 

Dined at Sion College. 

Wednesday, 24th April, Presided at a meeting at 
Swiss Cottage, London Society for Teaching the 
Blind, at 3. The Lady Mayoress distributed prizes. 

Attended Grand Lodge, Freemasons' Hall, at 4.30. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Saddlers, the 
Prime Warden, Mr. Archibald McDougall, presiding. 

Thursday, 25th April. Committee of the whole 
Court, 12. 

Court of Common Council at i . 

Dined at the fifth annual dinner of the Mayors' 
and Ex-Mayors' Association at Prince's Restaurant. 
Major-General Lord Cheylesmore, President of the 
Association, occupied the chair. The Sheriffs were 


present. The Duke of Fife, Lord-Lieutenant of the 
County of London, responded to the toast of his 
health, which was proposed by Mr. G. W. Tallents, 
Mayor of Westminster. 

Friday, 26th April. Entertained to luncheon the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bishop of London, 
the Archbishop of the West Indies and Miss Nuttall, 
Mr. Olivier, and Mr. Pearce, 1.30. 

Presided at meeting of the Jamaica Churches 
Earthquake Committee at 3, Egyptian Hall. 

Presided in state at the annual ladies' dinner of 
the Whitefriars ' .Club . The Lady Mayoress, with both 
the Sheriffs and their daughters, accompanied me. 

Saturday, 27th April. Presided in state at Guild- 
hall at a Cripples' Conference, called by the Guild 
of the Brave Poor Things, 10.30. 

Received about 400 members, and others, to tea 
at Mansion House, 4. 

Dined with the London Society of East Anglians 
at the Hotel Cecil. The Lady Mayoress and the 
Sheriffs with their daughters were present. Mr. 
Robert Pearce, M.P., presided; and speeches were 
made by Mr. Louis N. Parker, Colonel F. A. Lucas, 
and others. There were several East Anglian mayors 

Monday, 29th April. Meeting of the Empire 
Education Mansion House Trustees at 1 2 ; they after- 
wards lunched with me. 

Festival of the Sons of the Clergy at St. Paul's at 3. 
Dinner at Merchant Taylors' Hall in the evening, 
when the Archbishop of Canterbury presided at the 
253rd anniversary. I read once of a certain Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury who told a Lord Mayor to 
mind his own business. A Lord Mayor cannot do 
so. I have not attended to mine since I became 

130 A 

Lord Mayor, and I am glad to say that the business 
is all the better for it. 

Tuesday, 30th April. Presided at the Mansion 
House at a meeting for the Strangers' Home for 
Asiatics at 3. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Iron- 
mongers at their hall, the Master, Mr. B. P. Stedall, 

Wednesday, 1st May. Received Sir R. Bond at 
Guildhall in the Aldermen's Court Room, 11.30. I 
attended in state for the purpose of formally pre- 
senting the Premier of Newfoundland with the 
Freedom of the City in a gold casket. The ceremony 
was of a private character, and Sir R. Bond made a 
short speech in reply to the resolution read by the 
City Remembrancer. He was the seventh Colonial 
Premier who received the Freedom during my 

I attended at 12.30 with Sheriff Dunn, at the 
Swan Street Schools in the Minories, to hoist the 
Union Jack amid the cheers of a thousand school 
children. All the children saluted the flag. 

I think such doings are good for inculcating 
patriotism. I remember once in New York I was 
taken to some schools in the Italian quarter, and 
there saw a lot of children of Italians who had just 
come to America to live, and I saw hundreds of the 
Italian children being taught to sing Yankee Doodle, 
and to salute the Stars and Stripes. We do not 
sufficiently realise in England the necessity of teach- 
ing our children to be patriotic in their early days. 

Attended the dinner of the French Chamber of 
Commerce at Prince's Hall, Piccadilly. The French 
Ambassador presided, and there were present the 
Duke of Argyll, the Earl of Derby, and many others. 


From this dinner I went to the Battersea Town 
Hall in state, to a May-day Fancy Dress Ball in aid 
of my Fund, arranged by the Mayor and Mayoress 
of Battersea, Mr. and Mrs. James Henry Brown. 

Afterwards attended the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury's reception at Lambeth Palace. 

Thursday, 2nd May. Presided, at 12, at a meeting 
of the Court of Common Council at Guildhall. 

Attended in state at Shoreditch Town Hall a treat 
given to crippled children by the Hon. Mrs. C. Tufton, 
at 6. 

Presided at Guildhall at a display given by the 
London Diocesan Church Lads' Brigade at 8.30. 
The Lady Mayoress distributed challenge shields and 

Attended Lady Avebury's At Home at 6, St. 
James's Square. 

Friday, 3rd May. Presided at the Mansion House 
at a large meeting at 4.30. It was held to form a 
Central Legal Aid Society for poor people, Sir Charles 
Matthews urged that in all Criminal Courts pro- 
fessional assistance should be provided gratuitously 
for accused persons unable to pay for it. 

After the meeting I entertained about 400 people 
to tea and coffee. 

Saturday, 4th May. Opened the Balkan States 
Exhibition at Earl's Court at 12, and afterwards 
attended a luncheon there, at which Mr. Paul 
Cremieu-Javal presided. 

In the evening attended the Royal Academy 
Banquet, Sir Edward Poynter, P.R.A., presided. 
The Prince of Wales, Prince Christian, Prince Arthur 
of Connaught, the Duke of Teck, the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, and others of dis- 
tinction, were present. Many long speeches were 


delivered. One new toast, " Our Dominions Beyond 
the Seas," was responded to by Mr. Deakin, the 
Australian Prime Minister. 

Sunday, 5th May. Went, at the invitation of my 
friend Mr. George Briggs, C.C., to Steinway Hall, to 
a service and sermon of the Ethical Religion Society 
at 11.15. 

Left Paddington with Sheriff Dunn by the 4.30 
train for Plymouth. We arrived at Plymouth at 
10 p.m. We went at once to the Grand Hotel on 
the Hoe. 

Monday, 6th May. The Mayor, Mr. J. F. Winncot, 
entertained us to breakfast at 9, and about 80 guests, 
including Mr. C. A. Hanson, High Sheriff of Corn- 
wall, Admiral Sir Lewis A. Beaumont, K.C.B., ' 
K.C.M.G., Vice-Admiral J. C. Barlow, D.S.O., Major- 
General Sir John Leach, K.C.V.O., and many of the 
Aldermen and Councillors and Borough Magistrates. 
Before breakfast we had found time to walk upon 
the Hoe and look upon the gates of the English 
Channel, the playground of Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins, 
and other old sea-dogs, who played bowls on the 
Hoe and at the same time kept an eye upon the 
defence of the country. I like the statue of Drake 
and that other statue there with the following in- 
scription on its base, " He blew with His wind and 
they were scattered." 

At 10.30 we left by special train, a saloon having 
been kindly placed at our disposal for the four by 
the G.W. Railway Company. 

At Lostwithiel the Mayor, Mr. J. H. Dingle, and 
the members of the Corporation received us. The 
Town Clerk, Mr. W. Pease, read an address of welcome. 

We started by train for Fowey, and stopped at 


Golant station, which was bedecked with flags, 
flowers, and palms, the school-children looking very 
pretty and bright with many-coloured ribbons. A 
band of bell-ringers were also on the platform. 

Before we arrived at Fowey we put on our robes, 
chains, and official hats. An address was presented 
by Mr. F. J. Denison, Chairman of the Parish Council. 
In this I was reminded that when, in 1347, King 
Edward III. called for ships and men to blockade 
Calais, 770 " gallants " of Fowey sailed forth in 
47 ships, and that in the fleet of 700 ships flying 
the George of England, London sent 662 mariners 
and 26 ships. 

I performed the ceremony of opening the new 
Grammar School, after one of the schoolboys, named 
O. Thomas, had recited an address to me beginning, 
" Viro honoratissimo Gulielmo Treloar Equiti cele- 
berrimae urbis Londiniensis praefecto." 

We then went to luncheon in a tent. Canon 
Purcell presided; and amongst the 200 guests were 
the Bishop of Truro, the Bishop of St. German's, 
Mr. Freeman Thomas, M.P., Miss Marston, Mr. S. J. 
de C.Treffry; the Mayors of Plymouth, Devonport, 
Bodmin, Launceston, Liskeard, Penzance, Truro, 
Lostwithiel, Falmouth, and Penryn; and Mr. A. T. 
Quiller-Couch. Letters of regret were read from 
Lord Mount Edgcumbe and Lord Courtney of Pen- 
with. Many speeches were made ; and after luncheon 
we went to the school, where I distributed prizes. 

We stayed that night with Mr. Hanson, the High 
Sheriff, at Fowey Hall, where he gave a dinner-party 
and reception in our honour. 

Tuesday, 7th May. At Helston the Mayor (Mr. 
Henry Toy) received us, and with him were Sir 


Arthur Pendarves Vivian, and many others. The 
town was quite en fete, and very full ; they say never 
had so many people been seen in Helston before. 

We were entertained at a banquet at the Angel 
Hotel, and had the advantage of being able to say, 
" Where we dines we sleeps." 

Wednesday, 8th May. This is the day of the 
" Flora," or " Furry" dance, and I was wakened 
before six o'clock by music and dancing in the street. 
The music was noisy. I looked out and saw several 
couples hard at work dancing. It seems the early 
morning is devoted to the working people, who do 
not go in and out of other people's houses and gardens, 
as the aristocracy do later on. 

The excursion trains brought thousands of people 
into Helston, and by 10 o'clock the main thorough- 
fares were crowded. Outside the Angel Hotel the 
people were packed from one side of the road to the 
other. I had with me in Helston the City Marshal, 
the Sword-Bearer (Major Ker-Fox), and the Mace- 
Bearer (Colonel Kearns), and we made a great show 
going out of the old-fashioned Angel first the foot- 
men, in full state liveries ; then the officers mentioned 
above; then Sheriff Dunn, in his robes and chain of 
office; then several Cornish Mayors, in robes and 
chains; and then the Lord Mayor, in black and gold 
robe, and matinee hat. So we marched through the 
dear old town to the Guildhall. There a very 
pleasant ceremony took place. The Freedom of the 
Borough of Helston was presented to me in a box 
or casket made of Cornish tin and copper on a plinth 
of Cornish granite. I confess I was very much 
touched, and felt the honour greatly. The recollec- 
tion of it has always been a great joy to me. 


When these proceedings were finished we went in 
procession back to the Angel to get rid of robes, 
chains, and state hats, so that we might be able to 
join in the " Furry " dance properly and with vigour. 

I was touched, too, with many little acts of kind- 
ness; for instance, as I walked through the streets, 
or danced along, some of those in the crowd thrust 
little sums into my hand, sixpences, shillings, and 
in one case three coppers, all for my Cripples' Fund 
no names, no publicity, just the little offerings. 

The " Furry" or " Flora" dance of Helstonisof very 
ancient origin, so ancient that no one can say any- 
thing decided about it; all we know is, that it has 
been going on for centuries, and always takes place 
on the 8th of May. Although fun and frolic is the 
order of the day, still there is a certain amount of 
dignity about the proceedings; the fun begins very 
soon after dawn, when a melody of trumpets rouses 
every one. The servant girls and their sweethearts 
are the first performers; they danced, and danced, 
and the drums and trumpets sounded. There is no 
sleeping in Helston on " Furry Day " after 4 a.m. 

We assembled in the old Guildhall to choose our 
partners, or to take those selected for us by the 
Committee. Mrs. H. M. Rogers fell to my share, 
and then off we went, dancing through Helston 
Highway, in and out of the houses, until I, for one 
was tired out, and my partner cheered me on to 
further achievements by saying, " Oh, you poor 
thing !" 

Before we left Helston we took tea with the 
Mayoress, Mrs. Toy, at Cross Street House. We then 
motored to Bosham, the beautiful seat of Sir Arthur 
Pendarves Vivian, and had a great treat in seeing 


the splendid tropical trees, palms, and shrubs, in 
the lovely grounds of that delightful Cornish home. 
I shall never forget the loving-kindness shown to me 
by Cornish men and women of all ranks. 

We motored to the Poldhu Hotel, Mullion, where 
we spent the night, my good friends Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas making us very comfortable. 

Thursday, 9th May. In the morning off we went 
to St. Keverne, which we reached about noon. Before 
entering the village, very gay with banners, flags, 
and mottoes, we were allowed by Mrs. Pascoe to use 
Alexandra Villa, where accommodation was provided 
for us to put on our official robes. The lifeboat 
crews of Porthouslock and Coverack, wearing their 
cork jackets and picturesque red caps, formed a 
splendid escort. The vicar (the Rev. Canon Diggens) 
and Dr. Leverton Story, Mr. James Coud (the Chair- 
man of the Parish Council), and many others, also 
came to welcome us. In the village square many 
little children presented purses to me, with money 
for the bells. The Chairman of the Council read an 

By this time a full congregation had assembled in 
the grand old parish church. The Bishop of Truro, 
the Vicar (Canon Diggens), the Rev. H. Vyvyan, the 
Rev. S. Vyvyan, the Rev. A. Leakey, and the Rev. 
A. L. Mugford, proceeded to the tower with me and 
the Sheriff, where the Bishop said: " By virtue of 
my office I desire solemnly to set apart and dedicate 
these bells and this clock to the glory of God, and 
the use of this church, separate from all profane 
and unhallowed uses." The Bishop then said to 
the churchwardens: " You are to take notice that 
these bells are committed to the custody of the Vicar 


of this parish, to be used only with his consent, 
subject to the ultimate control of the Bishop of the 
diocese." Then I took the bell-rope and said: " In 
response to the request of the Vicar of this parish, 
I hereby declare this peal of bells open, and ready 
to be employed in the service of God." Then the 
ringers gave a short " change " peal on the eight 
bells, Canon Kempe (Vicar of Veryan), Secretary of 
the Cornish Guild of Ringers, standing in the centre 
of the band. 

The Bishop then gave us an address, taking for 
his text, " Make a joyful noise unto the Lord and 
King " (Psalm xcviii. 4, 6). 

After the service we adjourned to a spacious 
marquee for luncheon, at which the Rev. Canon 
Diggens presided. There was a very large attend- 
ance, including the Bishop of Truro and Mrs. Stubbs, 
the High Sheriff of Cornwall and Mrs. Hanson, Mrs. 
Sandys, Mrs. Vyvyan, Mrs. Diggens, Colonel Vyvyan, 
Mr. Robert Fox of Falmouth, Mr. Davey, the 
Mayors of Falmouth and Penzance (Mr. Grose and 
Mr. Barnett). There were many speeches. 

We left early in the afternoon, as I had to be in 
the Town Hall at Truro to receive the Freedom of 
the City at 5 o'clock. Captain Tremayne of Carclew 
took us in his powerful car, and his chauffeur obeyed 
implicitly her owner's oft-repeated instructions to 
" let her go." We had rather an exciting journey, the 
speed was great, the lanes were curly, and I was very 
thankful when we slowed down in the city of Truro. 

Punctually at 5 I was escorted to the Town Hall, 
from the Red Lion over the way, by the. Mayor 
(Mr. W. F. Clarke) and the Town Clerk (Mr. F. 
Parkin). Amongst those present in the Town Hall 


were Viscountess Falmouth, the Bishop of St. Ger- 
man's, Chancellor Wortledge, Precentor Corfe, Sub- 
Dean Hassard, the Mayor of Falmouth, etc., etc. 
Speeches were made by the Mayor, Alderman Bullen, 
the Deputy Mayor (Mr. J. J. Smith). The scroll 
was enclosed in a silver casket with finely carved 
and hammered ornamentation ; it bears the following 
inscription : 

" Presented to the Rt. Hon. Sir William P. 
Treloar, Lord Mayor of London, 1906-7, on his 
being admitted an honorary freeman of the 

The Mayor handed a purse of thirty guineas for 
my Fund. We then (still robed) paid a visit to the 
Cathedral, and Chancellor W^ortledge showed us 
over it. 

In the evening we were entertained at a banquet, 
the Mayor presiding. Viscount Falmouth, Mr. 
Richard Glanville, the High Sheriff, Canon Hassard, 
the Mayor of Falmouth, and many others were 
present. We were to go to London by the 10 o'clock 
train, in which I had a sleeping compartment. The 
crowd in the streets was very great, we had almost 
to fight our way into the station. I received the 
following telegram from the Prince of Wales before 
leaving Truro : 

" The Prince of Wales desires to thank the Lord 
Mayor of London for kind message sent on behalf 
of the High Sheriff of Cornwall, the Sheriff of London, 
and to offer the Lord Mayor his hearty congratula- 
tions on being admitted to the Freedom of the City 
of Truro." 


There were some very interesting and amusing 
poems published during my visit to the Duchy, as, 
for instance, the following : 

" Veni, Vidi, Vici, Aye, 
Of Cornish arts galore. 
God bless 'ee, and we wish 'ee well, 
Sir W. P. Treloar. 

Bless your good-humoured Sheriff too, 
Butt of your harmless fun; 
Whatever he may have to do 
Is bound to be " Well Dunn." 

Or this, written by " Q ": 


" Confitemini, o molles 
Agni humilesque colles 
Hodie cur exultetis; 
Tu praesertim Magnum Mare 
Facme certiorem quare 
Haud dedignas crura dare 
Hiphoorariis in fretis. 

" Venit annus venit mensis 
Cum Praefectus Londiniensis 
Redit in paterna rura; 
Quern advenientem gratu- 
latur urbs in commeatu 
Tympanis et aeris flatu : 
Ergo (aiunt) damus crura. 

" Venit mensis venit dies 
Hellestoniensis eques 
Ruit in immensum sonum 
Foris; foras cum in forum 
Praesepia caballorum 
Ducimus antiquum chorum. 
O qua musica trombonum ! 


" Venit dies venit hora 
Venit et solennis Flora, 
Mane quae postridie nonas 
Maias lucens exoptata 
Nos e portis nos in prata 
Margueritis constellata 
Jubet nectere coronas. 

" Ambar vales prorsus retro 
(Locuples in curru petro- 
lensi, Lazarus in pannis) 
Maiae praedam reportantes 
Irruamus corybantes 
Te nostratem salutantes 
' Macte esto tu quotannis.' 

" Eja collis cum agello 
Cantat ' He's a jolly good fellow !' 
Id quod nemo denegare 
Audet : ' Mos est hie (ut malis) 
Militaris ve ! Navalis 
Hunc et studii Generalis 
Proles solet celebrare.' 

" Tuque nostras, Anglicanae 
Urbis Metropolitanae 
Et tutamcn et decor ; 
Terram repetitam unde 
Partus es ter pede tunde 
Vir honorificabunde 
Gulielme P. Treloar." 

Friday, 10th May. I arrived at the Mansion House 
from Truro in time for an early breakfast, and received 
there afterwards the Hon. T. Bent, Prime Minister 
of Victoria, at 1 1 .30. 

Visit of Prince Fushimi. It is seldom that such 
a brilliant scene was witnessed in the old Guildhall as 
when this Royal Prince of Japan was welcomed to the 
City to-day. As a rule, all these receptions of royal 


personages take place in the Library, and the old 
hall is the place for luncheon afterwards. To-day 
the ceremony was held in the Great Hall, and the 
luncheon took place at the Mansion House. It was 
a splendid display at Guildhall, and a large and dis- 
tinguished company attended both there and at the 
luncheon afterwards. The company included repre- 
sentatives of the Royal Family, of the Church, the 
Government, the Army, the Navy, and every depart- 
ment of trade and commerce. 

I received the Prince at the entrance in company 
with the Sheriffs and Mr. Domoney, the Chairman 
of the City Lands, and his Committee. As we walked 
to the dais, the choir of the Duke of York's Military 
School sang in Japanese the National Anthem of 
Japan. Prince Fushimi wore the uniform of a General 
of the Japanese Army, with the broad red ribbon 
of a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. 
The Prince of Wales wore an Admiral's uniform, 
and the Duke of Connaught a Field Marshal's uniform. 

The Town Clerk read the resolution, the Recorder 
read the address, and I presented it. The Prince's 
reply was read by Count Mutsu. 

We all went over to the Mansion House for lun- 
cheon; there were no speeches, but two toasts were 
honoured viz., " The King " and " The Emperor 
of Japan . " 283 guests . 

Dined with the Anglo-Saxon Club at De Keyser's 
Hotel, Mr. Alderman Howse presiding. 

Saturday, llth May. Mr. Barton Kent, and others, 
to lunch at 1.30. 

At 4, received a party of young Scottish girls from 
Stornoway, introduced by Mr. Henry Smith, to 
over the Mansion House and take tea, 


Dined with the Newspaper Press Fund at the 
Hotel Me"tropole, M. Paul Cambon, the French 
Ambassador, presiding. There was a distinguished 
company, and 1,600 for the Fund was the result. 

Monday, 13th May. Presided at the Mansion 
House at the meeting of the British and Foreign 
Sailors' Society, at 3. 

Attended a meeting at the Crystal Palace re my 
Fund for cripples, at 5. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Glovers 
at Leathersellers' Hall, the Master, Mr. Gilbert 
Purvis, presiding. Both Sheriffs present. 

Tuesday, 14th May. Presided at a Court of 
Aldermen at i . 

Presided at Guildhall at a meeting of conference 
about the estuary of the Thames i .30 lunch, and 
2.30 meeting. 

A meeting of the John Kirk Testimonial Com- 
mittee, Mansion House, at 4. 

A meeting of the Committee of the Dwellings of 
the Poor at Mansion House at 5. 

Dined, accompanied by the Lady Mayoress, with 
the Association of Foreign Consuls at the Criterion 

Attended the reception of the Japanese Ambas- 
sador to meet Prince Fushimi, Hyde Park Hotel, 
10 to ii. 

Wednesday, 15th May. To the Foreign Office at 12. 

Presided at Joint Committee of the Hospital 
Sunday Fund at the Mansion House at 3. 

Received a deputation from Berlin at Mansion 
House at 4. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Girdlers at 
;heir hall, the Master, Mr. Henry Hicks, C.C.. presiding. 





Afterwards went to the Goldsmiths' ball. 

Thursday, 16th May. Presided at a Court of 
Common Council at i . 

Attended a meeting of the City Association for 
Organising Charities at 3. 

St. Mary's Lodge of Freemasons, of which I am 
Worshipful Master, held a Lodge meeting at the 
Mansion House, and afterwards the Brethren dined 
with me. The Most Worshipful the Grand Master 
the Duke of Connaught attended, and after dinner 
proposed my health. 

Monday, 20th May. Opened a Currants Cookery 
Exhibition at Holborn Town Hall, 3.30. 

Wednesday, 22nd May. Dined at Leathersellers' 
Hall at a dinner given to the French leather trade, 
the Master of the Company, Mr. Stanley G. Lutwyche, 

Thursday, 23rd May. Presided at the Distribution 
Committee of the Hospital Sunday Fund at 3. 

Attended in state, with the Sheriffs and the Lady 
Mayoress, the ceremony of opening the new out- 
patients' department of the Evelina Hospital for 
Sick Children in the Southwark Bridge Road at 
4 o'clock. Mr. Charles Wightman, Chairman of the 
Committee of Management, presided. 

Mr. Leopold de Rothschild proposed a vote of 
thanks to the Lady Mayoress and me, and mentioned 
the fact that I was at one time hon. treasurer of the 
hospital. Sir John Murray Scott seconded the 

Presided at a dinner of the Royal Gardeners' 
Orphan Fund at De Keyser's Hotel. Mr. Sheriff 
Dunn and Sir Albert Rollit and others present. 
970 subscribed. 


Friday, 24th May. Presided at a meeting in the 
Egyptian Hall, at 3 o'clock, of a large and distin- 
guished gathering, on the occasion of the presentation 
to Sir John Kirk of the testimonial raised in recogni- 
tion of his work in connection with the Ragged 
School Union. 

Lord Northampton made the presentation, Which 
consisted of a portrait of Sir John, a cheque for 
2,000, and an illuminated address. Sir John Kirk, 
who had just been knighted, in the course of his 
remarks said he owed me a debt he could never 
repay; and a vote of thanks to the Lady Mayoress 
and myself for our constant kindness and assistance 
to the promoters of the testimonial was proposed by 
the Hon. Evelyn Ashley, seconded by Mr. F. A. 
Bevan, and carried. 

In reply, I took the opportunity of acknowledging 
the valuable assistance I had received from Sir John 
Kirk in the distribution of my Children's Christmas 
Hamper Fund. I regret, and I always have regretted, 
that Sir John Kirk will no longer help me in this 

It was, I think, in the year 1892 that the proprietors 
of the Daily Telegraph decided to send out Christmas 
hampers to all the crippled children in the 

At their own expense they got a list of all the 
little sufferers who were eligible for this gift, and that 
list, I believe, was handed by them to the Ragged 
School Union. 

The next year I carried on this work, at the request 
and with the help of the Ragged School Union, and 
we continued to co-operate in it up to the year 


I willingly express my thanks to the Council of 
the Ragged School Union for helping me all these 
years in the distribution of the hampers. 

In October, 1908, Sir John Kirk informed me 
verbally, in my office at Ludgate Hill, that the 
Council had decided that they would no longer assist 
me in the distribution of hampers. I expressed my 
regret, and asked how about selecting, as usual, poor 
children (not crippled) to come to the usual banquet 
at Guildhall; he replied that the Council's decision 
also applied to the banquet. Again, I asked him how 
about bringing 200 crippled children, as usual, to 
my shop windows on Ludgate Hill, on the gth of 
November, to witness the Lord Mayor's Show ? He 
again replied that the Council declined to assist me 
in that way also. 

I afterwards wrote to Sir John Kirk, and give a 
copy of my letter and his reply. 



In reference to our conversation this morning, 
I should be very glad to have the reply of your 
Council to my suggestion that they should again 
undertake the distribution of the Christmas hampers, 
as usual, as soon as possible. You will readily under- 
stand how anxious I am that the crippled children 
of London should not be deprived of their annual 
treats and enjoyments, and that if it should be 
necessary for me to institute further arrangements 
with regard to the selection of the children, the task 
may be put in hand without much further delay. 
But I hope that an arrangement, which has worked 


satisfactorily in the past, will not be departed from 
without some very pressing necessity. 

Yours very truly, 
(Signed) W. P. TRELOAR. 
October i^th, 1908. 


The Council are under the impression that it 
was in your mind that the Christmas hamper scheme 
should in future be undertaken by your own organisa- 
tion, and accordingly the following resolution was 
passed : 

" That whilst desirous that no opportunity should be missed 
of brightening the lives of the cripple children of London, the 
Council agree that it is inexpedient to continue the delivery of 
Christmas hampers as in former years, owing to the confusion 
which is likely to arise from the separate interests of two existing 
cripple funds." 

They considered that it would be inexpedient that 
the two cripple agencies the Alton Home and the 
Ragged School Union should be too closely identified 
with each other in the public mind. Confusion has 
already arisen on this account which has affected 
contributions, and this, it was felt, might be accen- 
tuated by the continuance of the arrangement come 
to prior to the establishment of the Alton Home 

Having regard to all the circumstances, the Council 
desire me to state that they are unable to depart 
from the terms of the resolution above referred to. 

They gratefully remember the cordial relations and 
active co-operation which has existed between you 
and them in the past in connection with the supply 
and distribution of the Christmas hampers, and they 


will rejoice with you if the establishment of a perma- 
nent National Home for Cripples at Alton meets with 
the success which your earnest labours and devoted 
service merit. 

With kindest regards, 

Yours faithfully, 
(Signed) JOHN KIRK. 

October i^th, 1908. 

The banquet and the distribution of hampers are 
paid for by the funds which I annually collect for 
the purpose. His Majesty the King always heads 
the list of subscriptions ; the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs, 
and many other leading citizens follow suit; and I 
am proud to say that I have a list of regular sub- 
scribers, not only in the City and the Metropolis, 
but all over the world. 

It was from this yearly banquet and distribution 
that the idea of trying to be of some permanent use 
to crippled children arose, and the result has been 
the founding of the Lord Mayor Treloar Cripples' 
Hospital and College at Alton, in Hampshire, where 
some 260 crippled children are now residing. 

I keep the Fund open all the year, and I not only 
pay for the banquet and the hamper distribution from 
it, but I help to clothe the children in the hospital 
and college at Alton, and also help in many ways 
other crippled children in the Metropolis. 

I am glad to say the willing assistance which I 
now receive from the Metropolitan Mayors enables 
me to make the distribution annually and without 
any question of creed. 

Attended at Queen's Hall an Empire Concert at 4, 
with the Lady Maj-oress and Sheriffs. Lady Minto 
and Lord Strathcona were present. 


Dined with the Streets Committee of the Corpora- 
tion at the Gaiety Restaurant, the Chairman, Mr. 
John Stopher, presiding. A presentation of plate 
was made to the past Chairman, Mr. Domoney. 

Saturday, 25th May. Attended with the Lady 
Mayoress and Sheriffs the Military Tournament at 

As an Old Boy of King's College School I had the 
supreme pleasure of giving a dinner to many other 
Old Boys at the Mansion House. Among them 
were Sir W. H. Preece, Sir W. Christie (Astronomer 
Royal), Sir Charles Lyall, Admiral Sir T. S. Jackson, 
Sir John Tweedy, Sir Edward Stern, Sir Albert 
Rollit, Professor W. W. Skeat, Mr. Frederic Harrison, 
Professor George Saintsbury, Canon Syers, Dr. Gow, 
Mr. Henniker Heaton, M.P., Mr. J. Bloundelle 
Burton, Mr. John Cutler, K.C., and Mr. Martin 
Harvey. Messages of sympathy had been sent by 
many other Old Boys, including the Lord Chief 
Justice, Lord Ebury, Lord Glenesk; the Bishops of 
Exeter, Ely, Leicester, Barrow-in-Furness, and Barry; 
Sir Edward Clarke, K.C., Sir John Cockburn, Mr. 
Justice Grantham, Mr. Justice Jelf, Judge Bacon, 
Judge Parry, Judge Coventry; the Deans of Canter- 
bury and Durham; Mr. Reginald McKenna, General 
Festing, General Byam, Mr. Alfred de Rothschild, 
Mr. Leopold de Rothschild, Mr. Lewis Waller, Mr. 
Haddon Chambers, Professor Dicey, and the Rev. S. 
Baring-Gould. 152 guests. 

I entered the school in 1854. The prize list of 
1856 bears the names of Lord Alverstone, the Lord 
Chief Justice, Sir Albert Rollit, Mr. John Cutler, 
Canon Syers, and William Treloar. 

I received during the evening a telegram from 


Charles Bates, which declared that the sender, who 
sent hearty good wishes to all " Old Boys," was 
the first boy to enter the school when it opened in 

Mr. Frederic Harrison said he entered the school 
in 1843. 

Monday, 27th May. Attended in state, with the 
Sheriffs, the induction of the Rev. Barbe Sydenham 
Sladen as Rector of St. Margaret Pattens, at 12.30. 

Presided at a meeting at the Mansion House, at 3, 
on behalf of the Deaconess Mission and Christian 
Instruction Society. During the year these good 
women had paid 80,000 visits to the homes of the 
poor. The Society, which is undenominational, is 
doing good work. 

Dined with the I bero- American Benevolent Society 
at De Keyser's Hotel, the Spanish Ambassador, Don 
Venceslas R. de Willaursutia, presiding. 

Tuesday, 28th May. Opened the Sessions of the 
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Bigham; 
84 prisoners.) 

Princess Alexander of Teck lunched at the Mansion 
House, at i .45. 

Afterwards a meeting was held at 3 o'clock of the 
Girls' and Boys' Guild of the Waterloo Hospital for 

Presided at a dinner at Mansion House in aid of 
the North-Eastern Hospital for Children. The Lady 
Mayoress was present, with a very large and dis- 
tinguished company. 2,500 was the amount sub- 
scribed at the table. 

After dinner attended with the Sheriffs a con- 
versazione of the John Carpenter Club in the Art 
Gallery at Guildhall. The members of this Club are 


the Old Boys of the City of London School. Mr. 
Lulham Pound, President, and Mrs. Pound received 
the guests. Dancing took place, and concerts were 
given during the evening; and an interesting exhibi- 
tion of old manuscripts, prints, and books was 
arranged by Mr. Borrajo, the City Librarian. 

Wednesday, 29th May. Received the Judge, Mr. 
Justice Bigham, at Central Criminal Court, at 10.30. 

Opened a rifle range in Charterhouse Street, 
organised and paid for by the Central Markets Rifle 
Club, at 12. 

Presided at a meeting, in the Egyptian Hall, of 
the Royal Association in aid of the Deaf and Dumb 
at 3.30. Sir Arthur H. Fairbairn, known as the 
" deaf and dumb baronet," made a very interesting 
and earnest appeal by using his fingers, which was 
spoken by an interpreter as quickly as it was made. 

Presided at the Farringdon General Dispensary 
dinner at De Keyser's Hotel. Mr. G. P. Wagstaff is 
hon. secretary of this excellent charity, which was 
founded in 1828 to afford medical and surgical relief 
to the destitute poor. 

Thursday, 30th May. Committee of the whole 
Court at 12.30. 

Court of Common Council at i . 

Presided, at 3, at the Mansion House, at the 
Distribution Committee meeting of the Hospital 
Sunday Fund. 

Presided at the Royal General Theatrical Fund 
dinner at the Hotel Metropole. Mr. T. P. O'Connor, 
M.P., proposed the Drama. He said the Drama 
might be regarded as a primordial human instinct 
which would exist for all times as an illustration, 
David danced before the Ark, and Sir William led 



the " Furry " dance recently in Cornwall. He also 
said he believed that a good many people had 
been delivered body and soul over to the enemy 
by Sunday-school literature. Subscriptions for 800 

Friday, 31st May. Presided at the Mansion House 
at a meeting in aid of the Brompton Consumption 
Hospital at 3. 

Attended dinner of the General Purposes Com- 
mittee of the Corporation at De Keyser's Hotel, 
the Chairman, Mr. W. Hayward Pitman, pre- 

Attended at Streatham Town Hall a concert given 
in aid of my Fund by the Streatham Choral Society ; 
a presentation of purses was made. 

Saturday, 1st June. Went to the meet of the 
Coaching Club in Hyde Park, afterwards going on 
a coach to Ranelagh to luncheon. 

Sunday, 2nd June. Hospital Sunday. At 3.15 
attended St. Paul's Cathedral in state to meet His 
Majesty's Judges. 

Monday, 3rd June. Presided at meeting of Jamaica 
Earthquake Committee at 12, at the Mansion House. 

Presided at meeting of St. Giles' Christian Mission 
at 3, at the Mansion House. 

Was to have dined with the members of the Bridge 
House Estates Committee in the Old Council Cham- 
bers, Guildhall, but was not well enough. I was 
sorry to disappoint my old friend, Deputy Algar, the 

I was not able to attend Mrs. Whitelaw Reid's 
reception at Dorchester House. 

Tuesday, 4th June. Attended matinee given by 
the Savage Club at His Majesty's Theatre in aid of 


my Fund. The Prince and Princess of Wales were 
present. A new play by Mr. Alfred Sutro, Mr. 
Steinmann's Corner, was given. Among a host of 
performers were Mdlle. Jane May, Miss Lena Ashwell, 
Mr. Albert Chevalier, and Mr. Harry Fragson. All 
the male performers were members of the Club. A 
very good result was achieved. 

Presided at the festival dinner of the City of 
London Hospital for Diseases of the Chest at the 

Wednesday, 5th June. Derby Day. Dined with 
the Law and City Courts Committee at De Keyser's 
Hotel, the Chairman, Mr. Lavington, C.C., pre- 

Thursday, 6th June. Opened Bazaar at Westwood, 
West Hill, Sydenham, at 3, in aid of the Church in 
the Grove, Sydenham. 

Dined with the Central Markets Committee at 
De Keyser's Hotel, the Chairman, Mr. C. A. Teuten, 

Friday, 7th June. Rehearsal at Guildhall, at 3, 
for the King of Denmark's reception. 

Opening of Prince's Skating Rink at 5. Princess 
Henry of Battenberg to be present. 

Presided at dinner at Mansion House given to His 
Majesty's Judges. There were 304 guests, including 
the Lord Chancellor, the Master of the Rolls, and 
some twenty other Judges with their ladies. The 
Lady Mayoress was present. 

Saturday, 8th June. I should have gone to 
Loughton, the inaugural excursion of the Fresh Air 
Fund; but was not well enough to go. Both Sheriffs 
went for me, and met Sir Arthur Pearson, and had 
a pleasant day with the children. 


Sunday, 9th June. Attended the City Temple at 
1 1, and Westminster Abbey at 3. 

Monday, 10th June. The King and Queen of 
Denmark came from Buckingham Palace at 12.15 in 
state carriages to lunch at the Guildhall, after receiv- 
ing an address from the Corporation. Their Majesties 
arrived in London on Saturday, crossing from Flushing 
in the Royal yacht Victoria and Albert. The Prince 
of Wales met them at Portsmouth, and escorted 
them by train to Victoria Station. There they were 
met by King Edward and Queen Alexandra, and 
drove to Buckingham Palace, where a State banquet 
was given in the evening. On Sunday they paid a 
visit to Windsor in motor-cars. 

Before arriving at Guildhall their Majesties received 
an address of welcome, presented to them in Pall 
Mall at the bottom of Waterloo Place by Lieut. - 
Colonel Clifford Probyn, the Mayor of Westminster. 

With the Lady Mayoress I received the guests in 
the Library, at 12 o'clock. Among the first to 
arrive were the Duke and Duchess of Somerset, Lord 
Carrington and Mr. Birrell, the Bishop of London, 
Sir Edward Grey, Sir Charles Hardinge and Lord 
Crewe ; then the Prime Minister, Sir Henry Campbell- 
Bannerman, wearing the uniform of an Elder Brother 
of Trinity House. I left the Library to await the 
arrival of the King and Queen of Denmark at the 
entrance to the Guildhall, my place being taken by 
Sir Whittaker Ellis, Bart., the senior Alderman. A 
blast of trumpets from the four scarlet-coated 
trumpeters soon proclaimed the advent of the royal 
procession, which advanced in the following order, 
all the guests rising as the procession entered the 
Library : 


The City Trumpeters. 

The City Marshall. 
Under-Sheriffs Greenhill and Timbrell. 

The Reception Committee. 

Mr. Walter Hayward Pitman, Chairman. 

The Town Clerk. 

The Sheriffs. 
Alderman Thomas Boor Crosby, M.D. 

Mr. William Henry Dunn. 
Aldermen Sir T. Vezey Strong, David Burnett, W. C. Simmons. 

The Recorder. 

Sir Walter Wilkin. Sir G. Faudel-Phillips. 

Sir David Evans. Sir Joseph Renals. 

H.R.H. Prince Arthur of Connaught, with H.R.H. Princess 

Patricia of Connaught. 
H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, with H.R.H. the Princess of 

H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, with H.R.H. the Duchess of 


The Sword. The Mace. 

The Lord Mayor with H.M. the Queen of Denmark. 
H.M. the King of Denmark with the Lady Mayoress. 

The Band of the Royal Artillery played the Danish 
National Anthem as the procession moved on. 

The King wore the uniform of a Danish General, 
with the ribbon of the Garter. The Queen was in 
a gown of white glace silk, with a pleated skirt with 
lace and gold embroidery, a white tulle toque with 
gold embroidery, and a white osprey. Her Majesty 
wore a Danish Order set in brilliants, and a most 
beautiful pearl necklace. The Prince of Wales wore 
Admiral's uniform, with the ribbon of the Danish 
Order of the Elephant. The Princess of Wales wore 
a dress of crepe de chine with hand-painted flowers 
on a white background, and a mauve toque. The 
Duke of Connaught was in Field-Marshal's uniform, 
with the ribbon of the Order of the Elephant; and 


Prince Arthur of Connaught wore the uniform of a 
Captain in the Scots Greys, with the aiguillette of 
the Staff. 

When all the persons composing the procession 
had taken their appointed places, the King sitting 
on my right, the Queen on my left, the Town Clerk 
(Mr. James Bell) read the resolution of the Court 
for presenting the address, and the Recorder (Sir 
Forrest Fulton, K.C.) read the address. The King 
graciously replied, saying: "The Queen and I feel 
gratified by this testimony of your sympathy. We 
shall always keep this beautiful casket as a dear 
remembrance of the reception which has been given 
us to-day by this venerable and historic Corporation." 

I then presented Mr. W. H. Pitman, the mover, 
and Alderman Sir G. F. Faudel-Phillips, the seconder 
of the address, the two next senior Aldermen present, 
and the Sheriffs; then I conducted the royal party 
to a withdrawing room, and the general company 
took their seats at the luncheon tables. Their 
Majesties paid a visit to the Art Gallery during this 
interval, to see the Loan Exhibition of Danish 
pictures. The King conferred various classes of the 
Order of the Danebrog upon me, the Sheriffs, the 
Town Clerk, the City Remembrancer (Mr. Adrian 
Pollock), Sir W. Soulsby, Mr. W. H. Pitman, Mr. 
Corbould Ellis, and Mr. A. G. Temple. 

There were only three toasts : The King and Queen, 
The King and Queen of Denmark (proposed by me), 
and The Lord Mayor and Corporation, proposed by 
His Majesty. 

Dined with the members of the City Lands Com- 
mittee at Carpenters' Hall, the Chairman, Mr. J. W. 
Domoney, presiding. 


Attended, after dinner, at Lady Rothschild's 
reception, 148, Piccadilly. 

Tuesday, llth June. Meeting, at 12.45, Guildhall, 
of Wilson's Committee. 

Court of Aldermen at i .30. 

Went to Olympia to the Royal Horse Show, with 
the Lady Mayoress and Sheriffs, 3.15. Met there 
the King and Queen of Denmark. 

Meeting of Committee of Dwellings of the Poor, 
Mansion House, at 5. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Ship- 
wrights at Fishmongers' Hall, the Master, Mr. J. 
Mowlem Burt, J.P., presiding. 

By command the Lady Mayoress and I went to 
a gala performance at the Opera to meet the King 
and Queen of Denmark. I have never seen such a 
grand sight at any theatre as this : the whole of the 
boxes on every tier were covered with a ground- 
work of green trellis-work, on which hung festoons 
of pale pink roses, while the fronts of the boxes 
were edged with a thin bank of roses of deeper 

The Royal Box in the middle of the Grand Tier 
was formed from five ordinary boxes. Above it was 
a crown in scarlet and yellow, and the Danish and 
English flags. The majority of the flowers were 
artificial, because experience has shown that if real 
blooms are exclusively employed the perfume is 
overpoweringly sweet. 

The programme started with the playing of the 
Danish National Anthem and " God Save the King "; 
then selections from the operas Madame Butterfly 
and La Bohenie. Signori Caruso and Scotti, and 
Mdlle. Destinn, Mme. Melba, Signori Sammarco, 


Marcoux, and Gilbert, and many other talented 
artistes, took part in the performance. 

Wednesday, 12th June. Attended service in state 
with the Sheriffs at 12.45, St. Magnus the Martyr, 
London Bridge. 

Earthquake Committee at 12, at Mansion House. 

Attended a meeting of the Belgrave Hospital for 
Children, Prince's Skating Rink at Knightsbridge, 
at 3. Princess Henry of Battenberg present. 

Attended with the Lady Mayoress the State Ball at 
Buckingham Palace. 

Thursday, 13th June. One of the great events of my 
mayoralty, for to-day Her Majesty Queen Alexandra 
came to the Mansion House to open the Queen's 
Fete in aid of my Cripples' Fund. Her Majesty, 
who was accompanied by Princess Victoria, and 
attended by the Hon. Charlotte Knollys, Lady Alice 
Stanley, Lord Howe, the Hon. Sydney Greville, and 
Colonel Brocklehurst, C.B., drove from Buckingham 
Palace to the Mansion House in semi-state, in a 
landau drawn by four horses, with postillions and 
scarlet-coated outriders, and attended by a travelling 
escort of Life Guards. A second carriage, drawn by 
four horses, contained the suite in attendance. 

As the royal procession drove up to the Mansion 
House, punctually at three o'clock, the Queen was 
greeted with loud cheers ; while the Guard of Honour 
of the Honourable Artillery Company gave the Royal 
Salute, and the band played the National Anthem. 
The Lady Mayoress and I received Her Majesty at 
the entrance, we were in full state attended by the 
Sword-Bearer, the Mace-Bearer and the City Marshal 
The Queen wore a dark purple-coloured gown, with 
a toque, and a feather stole to match. We escorted 



Her Majesty and the Princess to the first floor by the 
lift, and proceeded to the representation of Old 
Temple Bar erected in the middle of the saloon, 
where I presented a gold key to the Queen, requesting 
Her Majesty to inaugurate the fete by opening the 
gates. As this was done there was a flourish of 
trumpets, followed by the National Anthem, played 
by a string band of the Royal Artillery. I then 
conducted Her Majesty to the flower and fruit stall 
at which the Lady Mayoress presided. My daughter 
presented Her Majesty with a bouquet, and Miss 
Harrison presented one to the Princess. 

The Egyptian Hall presented a very gay and 
brilliant appearance. I conducted Her Majesty and 
the Princess to chairs on a slightly raised platform, 
under a crowned canopy of royal red. I then made 
the following speech, which I am giving here because 
it tells the story of my Fund : 

' May it please your Majesty, ladies, and gentle- 
men, in the first place it is my humble duty to wel- 
come your Majesty here, at the Mansion House, and 
as Lord Mayor of London to assure you of the dutiful 
loyalty of the Citizens, and the great delight which 
they experience in having your gracious presence in 
their midst. It is perhaps fitting that I should 
make a brief statement of the object to which your 
Majesty is giving assistance, and which has brought 
together this fete the Queen's Fete. 

" The efforts which from time to time have been 
made to benefit the crippled children of London 
efforts in which 1 have been privileged to take some 
part have convinced me of the necessity of en- 
deavouring to establish homes in which that terrible 
national scourge, tuberculosis, can be combated at 


its source, and which, at once curative and educa- 
tional, should provide home and education for the 
tuberculosis stricken children of England. No insti- 
tution of the sort at the present time exists; but in 
France and in Germany systematic and successful 
efforts are made on these lines. I am glad to be 
able to say that, in response to the appeal which I 
made in November for 60,000, the sum of 40,000 
has been received; this sum includes a special fund 
of 5,000, which has been contributed as the result 
of your Majesty's visit here to-day, in response to a 
special appeal which was sent forth, asking for 
donations which might be announced on your 
Majesty's visit. I have also to record the gratifying 
fact that the Mayors of the Metropolitan Boroughs 
have been loyally and generously assisting me. The 
following list may be of interest, as showing what 
the Metropolitan Mayors have done up to the 
present viz. : 

Battersea .. .. 100 | Kensington .. 

Bermondsey . . . . 212 Lambeth . . . . 61 

Bethnal Green . . . . 185 Marylebone . . . . 50 

Camberwell .. .. 332 Paddington .. .. 134 

Chelsea .. .. .. 140 Poplar .. .. 112 

Finsbury . . . . 229 j Shoreditch . . . . 202 

Fulham . . . . 303 South wark . . . . 226 

Hackney . . . . 225 Stepney . . . . 400 

Hammersmith . . . . 305 Stoke Newington . . 363 

Hampstead . . . . 201 
Holborn . . . . 330 

Wands worth . . . . 607 
Woolwich . . . . 50 

" In conclusion, I have only to say I must still be 
a beggar the sum of 60,000 has to be raised. 
Towards that result the efforts so nobly led by your 
Majesty to-day will in no small degree contribute, 
and it is with a heart full of gratitude to all who have 


assisted me to organise this magnificent fete, that I 
ask your Majesty to declare it open." 

The Queen now received from a procession of 
children purses, the sums amounting in all to i ,400 ; 
then a space was cleared by the Yeomen of the 
Guard for her Majesty to visit the stalls, where she 
made many purchases. 

In the Venetian Parlour all the plate belonging 
to the Mansion House was displayed, and, of course, 
a small extra charge was made for the side-shows. 

In the Long Parlour tea was served, under the 
direction of Countess Howe. 

The entrance to the Egyptian Hall was made 
through a representation of Old Temple Bar, set 
up as a generous gift by Messrs. Waring and Gillow. 
The first stall was in the charge of the Lady Mayoress, 
where fruit and flowers were sold. The stall with 
foreign goods was in charge of H.R.H. the Princess 
Alexandra of Teck. Lady Faudel-Phillips presided 
at the men's stall. The American Embassy stall, 
organised by Mrs. Ronalds, with Mrs. Whitelaw 
Reid, Mrs. Ridgely Carter, Mrs. Gibbons, Mrs. Clo- 
man, and a number of other ladies, was a grand 
show. The Fine Arts stall was presided over by the 
Duchess of Somerset, assisted by the Duchess of 
Norfolk, the Duchess of Westminster, Countess 
Bathurst, and Lady Marjorie Manners. H.R.H. the 
Princess Henry of Battenberg presided over an 
Oriental stall. H.R.H. the Princess Christian had 
a stall for silks. The French Embassy stall was 
managed by the Comte de Lastours ; this was a very 
interesting exhibition, and the following ladies helped 
to make this stall attractive: Madame Geoffray, 
Madame Anzepy, the Comtesse de Mauneville, the 


Marquise de la Begassiere, the Comtesse de Lastours, 
and the Comtesse de Mantholon. 

The Wedding and Birthday Presents stall had the 
help of the Lady Lilian Grenfell, the Hon. Mrs. 
Gilbert Johnstone, Lady Henderson, Lady Wernher, 
the Lady Alwyne Compton, Lady Greenwell," Mrs. 
H. D. Jefferson, and Mrs. Eckstein. H.R.H. the 
Duchess of Albany had control of the stall for the 
sale of china and glass. The Marchioness of Salis- 
bury presided at a miscellaneous stall, assisted by 
the Countess of Dudley, Lady Ellis, and Lady Strong. 

Upstairs, in the old ball-room, under the manage- 
ment of Mr. Edward Terry and Mr. Graham Browne, 
a series of twenty minutes' entertainments were 
given by Mr. George Alexander, Madame Alice Esty, 
Mdlle. de Nys, Signer Besoni, Mr. Lewis Waller, 
Miss Lilian Braithwaite, Mr. Franklin Clive, Master 
Max Darewski, Mr. Harry Fragson, and Mr. Harrison 
Hill. Mr. Leslie Lambert provided an exhibition of 
sleight of hand; and Mr. Kronstaud, the Swedish 
artist, produced lightning portraits; Mr. Louis Wain 
drew cats ; and a fine gramophone gave the voices of 
Patti, Melba, and Caruso. Miss Cowper Coles 
arranged a set of old English dances by her pupils, 
who, on the first day, had the honour of dancing 
before the Queen. 

I much admired the way by which Mrs., now Lady, 
Alexander in this room greatly helped the Fund by 
selling programmes. " Look," she said to some 
unsuspecting visitor, " the Queen has left her pro- 
gramme." I think the sale of programmes was 
increased, and high prices obtained by this allowable 
action. It reminds me of the clever way by which 
a Cook's dragoman on the Nile obtained good tips. 


A large party of tourists were riding on donkeys in 
charge of this dragoman when one of the lady riders 
complained that her donkey was not a comfortable 
mount. Whispering, and enjoining profound secrecy, 
the wily Arab suggested that his own .special donkey 
should be the lady's; his was a special animal, most 
comfortable to ride, and easy to manage. The 
exchange is made; the tip given; and the same 
performance was gone through again and again, 
each lady in turn being given " my own beautiful 
quiet donkey," and providing her own beautiful tip 
for the exchange of animals. 

To return to the Queen's Fete. There was also 
a " Universal Bureau," where the goods sent for 
the tombola sale (which the Home Secretary would 
not allow) were sold. 

Had the lottery taken place a lion cub would have 
been included. 

A pedigree calf was sold, a Chow dog, a live lamb, 
several fresh salmon, etc. Lady Gunter gave a 
motor-car (600 guineas) to be sold to the highest 

Mr. Sheriff Dunn vainly endeavoured to dispose 
of this at auction. 

Mr. Pett Ridge edited the souvenir book of the 
Queen's Fete, and Her Majesty graciously accepted 
a copy, which he presented to her. 

Mr. Percy Armytage, M.V.O., was of great assist- 
ance in arranging and organising the proceedings. 

Before leaving, Her Majesty graciously assured me 
of her pleasure at the success of the beautiful fete, 
and of her complete sympathy with me in the work 
I was trying to do; and I confess I was greatly 
encouraged by her kind and sympathetic words 


JUNE 13, 1907. 

Ftein a drawing by A. S, Boy a. 

To face p. 164 


She told me she wished to come to Guildhall privately 
to see the Danish pictures now on exhibition there; 
but that she would wait to make her visit until after 
my return from Berlin. Seven hundred guineas was 
the amount realised by the sale of entrance tickets 
on the first day. 

That night I held a reception, amongst the stalls 
and platform, from 9 till 12 o'clock, for the Inter- 
national Red Cross Conference. There were many 
important guests, including the American Ambas- 
sador and Mrs. Whitelaw Reid, Lord and Lady 
Ormonde, Lord and Lady Coventry, Lord Clarendon 
and Lady Edith Villiers, Lord Wicklow, Lord and 
Lady Esher, Lord and Lady Brownlow, Lord and 
Lady Mount Edgcumbe, Lord and Lady Burton, Sir 
Ernest Cassel, the Hon. Charles and Mrs. Rothschild, 
General Sir John Ardagh and Susan Lady Malmes- 
bury, the Hon. Henry and Mrs. Cubitt, Prince 
Troubetzkoy, M. and Mme. E. Carnot, Countess Jean 
de Castellane, Mr. Henry Morris, President of the 
Royal College of Surgeons, Mr. Acland, K.C., and 
Mrs. Acland, Rear-Admiral and Mrs. Chadwick, Sir 
John and Lady Furley, Sir Alfred and Lady Keogh, 
Colonel Sloggett, Sir John Tweedy, The Mackintosh 
and Mrs. Mackintosh, Major-General Montgomery, 
Colonel Stapleton Cotton, Dr. and Lady Philippa 
Stewart, Colonel and Mrs. Kenyon-Slaney, and others. 

Friday, 14th June. Presided at a Court of Common 
Council at 12 o'clock at Guildhall. 

At3 I received M. Cambon, the French Ambassador, 
at the Mansion House, who opened the Queen's Fete 
for the second day. He unlocked Temple Bar with 
a silver key, and trumpets were again blown. Four 
stalwart Yeomen of the Guard escorted His Excel- 

1 66 

lency. In addressing M. Cambon, I reminded him 
that his presence was especially appropriate, since 
in France at Berck-sur-mer there was an institution 
for tuberculosis patients remarkable for its success, 
and one from which I hoped to learn many features 
of usefulness. His Excellency, in reply, said it was 
a great pleasure for him to see the British Flag 
associated with the Flag of France and of the Republic 
of the United States to decorate this splendid charity 
fete. " It is well for the three great liberal nations 
of the world to work together in such a generous 
undertaking. I do not think there is a task which 
could be more interesting; and I thank you for 
having allowed us to take part in it." His Excel- 
lency went up to the entertainment in the old ball- 
room, and I with him, accompanied by Mr. George 

Presided at a dinner in the Art Gallery at Guildhall 
" The North Sea Dinner." 

Saturday, 15th June. Attended, by command of 
the King, at the unveiling by His Majesty of the 
equestrian statue of the Duke of Cambridge at White- 
hall, at 12 o'clock. I wore leve*e dress, in obedience 
to orders. It was a very wet, miserable day, and as 
I stood in my pumps amongst all the generals and 
other officers in top boots and overcoats, I was 
addressed by the Duke of Connaught. He said: 
" My Lord Mayor, the King has sent me to tell you 
that he is aware you have not been well lately; he 
therefore wishes you to go into a front room at the 
War Office on the ground floor, where you will be 
sheltered and warm, and from whence you can see 
all there is to be seen," and he then took me to the 


The King came to me after the ceremony, and 
spoke a few kind, genial words. I shall never forget 
this episode. It showed me why King Edward VII. 
was beloved by everyone he came in touch with. 

The American Ambassador and Mrs. Whitelaw 
Reid opened the Queen's Fete for the third 

His Excellency expressed himself as being surprised 
at my moderation in only asking for 60,000; as the 
Chief Magistrate of the greatest, richest, and most 
populous city in the world, I ought to have asked 
for much more, and I think he was right. If I had 
known as much at the beginning of my year of office 
as I did at the end, I would have got more; but 
perhaps I have made up for it since. 

Mr. Sheriff Dunn had another try to get rid of 
Lady Gunter's motor-car, but the bidding was only 
500; eventually that lady kindly paid 600 guineas 
to the Fund, and took back the car. 

It was decided that as so many people were unable 
to attend the Queen's Fete during the three days 
it was open, the Mansion House door should be 
available to paying visitors on Wednesday and 
Thursday, and sales should continue on those two 
days. I was then in Berlin. Sir Alfred Newton, 
Bart., kindly assisted the Lady Mayoress, and good 
results were attained. The total amount realised 
by the Queen's Fete was 12,000. 

Her Majesty the Queen further evinced her sym- 
pathy and her interest in the Fund for Crippled 
Children by sending me a telegram, and writing the 
following autograph letter to me. The telegram is 
from Copenhagen, and so is the letter, both dated 
the 2 5th of September, 1907. 


The telegram : 

" To THE LORD MAYOR, LONDON. I will, with 
the greatest pleasure, give my name to the Children's 
League for the help of poor crippled children, and 
send you a cheque for one hundred pounds. 

This is the letter : 


" I have heard with great satisfaction the 
result of the ftte which was held during the summer 
in aid of ' The Lord Mayor's Cripples' Fund,' and 
am much interested to learn that a special effort is 
now to be made to raise the additional sum of 10,000 
which is still required to complete the endowment 
fund for the Home and College at Alton. 

" I trust most sincerely that this sum, which is so 
essential to the success of the undertaking, will be 
given by the many kind people who are interested 
in so good a cause, and that you personally will have 
the satisfaction before leaving office of knowing that 
your lifelong efforts on behalf of those poor suffering 
children will, with God's blessing, be crowned with 
perfect success, and that everything that can possibly 
be done to alleviate their condition and conduce to 
their ultimate cure had been fully accomplished. 
" Believe me, yours sincerely, 


The result of Queen Alexandra's letter was imme- 
diate and certain, and before my year of office had 
ended I received from a generous public more than 
the amount I had estimated for viz., 60,000. 

It was decided after long discussion with several 


of my friends, including Sir Ernest Flower and Sir 
William Soulsby, to name the Institution at Alton 
" The Lord Mayor Treloar's Cripples' Hospital and 
College." Sir William Soulsby was the originator 
of this title, and strongly urged its adoption; the 
idea in his mind being that the name should at once 
show that the Hospital was founded by a Lord Mayor, 
whose name was Treloar. Many people have given 
me the credit of inventing this title, but the actual 
idea came from my old friend Soulsby, and I wish to 
put the fact on record once and for all. 

It is now twelve years since then, and I have 
included in this book three illustrations, which, 
although they do not refer to incidents during my 
year of office, are yet the direct results of it. 
(i) The reception at the Alton railway-station of 
the first batch of patients on the 8th of September, 
1908; (2) the gracious and never-to-be-forgotten visit 
of Queen Alexandra to Alton, accompanied by Queen 
Amelie of Portugal, when both the Queens planted 
trees in commemoration of their visit; and (3) the 
first patients at Sandy Point Branch at Hayling 
Island, who came on the nth of September, 1919; 
they are shown on the balcony of the pavilion, which 
is situated on the edge of the sea. 

Her Majesty graciously became the President of 
' The Queen Alexandra League of Children to Help 
Poor Crippled Children," and contributed 100 
towards the Fund for its inauguration. 

I issued many collecting cards to the little members 
of the League, and so collected a large sum. 

The royal grandchildren had cards, one of which, 
that used by Princess Mary, I have reproduced. 

From the beginning Queen Alexandra has taken the 


greatest interest in my work, and is always ready to 
do everything she can to assist and encourage me. 

November 2jth, 1906. 


" I am commanded by the King and Queen 
to let you know with what interest their Majesties 
have read the appeal you are making to the public 
on behalf of the poor crippled children of the Metro- 
polis, and to assure you that their Majesties most 
heartily and sincerely wish all success to your philan- 
thropic endeavour to relieve these poor suffering 
children. I have now the pleasure to enclose two 
cheques for 100 guineas each (one from the King 
and one from the Queen), as donations from their 
Majesties towards the Fund being raised for this 
most worthy object. 

" Their Majesties authorise me to say they cannot 
conceive any method better calculated to assist in 
rescuing from crippledom a large portion of these 
poor little sufferers than the establishment on a firm 
and sound basis of such an institution as is contem- 
plated in the scheme which you have laid before the 
British public. 

" I remain, my dear Lord Mayor, 
" Very truly yours, 

" D. M. PROBYN." 


I cannot resist adding this testimony from a great 
authority. Sir George Newman, in writing to me in 
December, 1919, says: " I have been for many years 
a warm admirer of the splendid work which has been 
done at Alton. It has not only proved invaluable 
as a body-repairing and life-saving institution of 


Will you help us up by taking a Shilling Rung? 

*Che Spaces are for Names or Intii&k. 


To face p 1 70 


inestimable benefit to hundreds of little children, but 
it has proved itself a pioneer in setting a new standard 
for the treatment of non-pulmonary tuberculosis in 
children. I am very pleased that it was a President 
of the Board of Education (Lord Gainford) who first 
provided Exchequer grants in aid of Alton, and I 
hope that in future years a number of Altons will 
spring up in various parts of the country." 

Earlier in my diary (Saturday, the i6th of March) 
I told of a dinner at which I presided in aid of the 
German Society of Benevolence. I was induced to 
take the chair by my friend the late Mr. De Keyser, 
who told me that the German Ambassador, Count 
Metternich, would be present, and was anxious to 
meet me. 

De Keyser gave me a hint that the Ambassador 
intended to speak to me about a visit to Berlin which 
it was hoped I would pay. 

My predecessor, Sir W. Vaughan-Morgan, had paid 
a visit to Paris during his year of office, and I thought 
it quite a likely idea that I should be invited to 
Berlin, and it appealed to me. The Ambassador, 
during dinner, asked me if I thought that the Kaiser 
would be a welcome visitor if he came on a visit to 
London. I said, Yes, I thought he would. " Will 
you say so when you speak to-night ?" he said. 
" Yes, I will," I said. After I had spoken, His 
Excellency said to me: "Are you going to visit 
Paris during your mayoralty, as the late Lord Mayor 
did ?" " No," I answered, " I shall not go to Paris. 
If I go abroad, I should like to go farther afield, 
for I think the greater the distance from London, 
the more consequence and importance is attached 
to the position of Lord Mayor of London." He 


laughed, and said : " Berlin is not so near to London 
as Paris ; how would that suit you ? Would you be 
inclined to accept an invitation to go to Berlin in 
the summer?" I became a little coy, and thought 
I might ; I would if I could, etc. I eventually fixed 
on the only week I could get away viz., that begin- 
ning on the 1 6th of June; and so it was left. I met 
Mr. Haldane, who was at this time our War Minister, 
on the following Saturday, the 23rd of March. He 
was giving the prizes to the boys of the ist Cadet 
Battalion King's Royal Rifle Corps at Guildhall, and 
I was in the chair. I took the opportunity to tell 
him that I had reason to believe I might be invited 
to go to Berlin shortly, and I asked his opinion as 
to my accepting such an invitation. He said he 
would let me know. A day or two afterwards I 
received the following letter : 


" March 26th, 1907. 


" I think that if the invitation we spoke of 
comes from Germany you may safely accept it. 
" Believe me, 

" Yours sincerely, 
(Signed) " R. B. HALDANE." 

I announced to the Court of Common Council on 
the 2nd of May that I had received a letter dated 
the 1 3th of April from Herr Kirchner, Oberburger- 
meister of Berlin, inviting me and the Sheriffs, and 
forty or fifty members of the Corporation, to visit 
Berlin, and the date selected for the proposed visit 
was June 1 6 to 21. 


The Court received the communication with 
acclamation, and decided to choose members for the 
visit by ballot. 

On the 1 5th of May I went to the Foreign Office 
by request. Sir Edward Grey received me very 
genially. I remember he said: " Sit in this chair, 
my Lord Mayor; it is very comfortable and easy; 
we call it the Ambassador's chair." It was a com- 
fortable armchair. " I hear you are going to Berlin." 
" Yes," I said. " When do you go ?" he asked. I 
replied: " On the i6th of June, for five days i.e., 
until the 2ist." " Who fixed the date ?" Sir Edward 
asked. " I did," said I. " Are you sure ?" " Yes, 
quite sure." " Well," he said, " we have heard that 
it is intended by the Germans to call attention to the 
fact that the i8th of Jun? is the anniversary of the 
Battle of Waterloo in order to annoy France, and, 
if possible, to create bitterness between us and the 
French people, and no doubt you will be used as a 
pawn in the game. The present strained feelings 
between France and Germany will not be improved 
if they make use of your visit to carry out such an 
idea. Do you think your visit could be put off?" 
" No," I said, " that cannot be." " Well," he said, 
" forewarned is forearmed; you must do the best 
you can." 

When I got back to the Mansion House I sent a 
telegram to the Oberburgermeister to ask that he 
would be so kind as to leave the evening of the 1 8th 
June free, as I had arranged a private dinner for 
that day, and should be glad not to attend any public 
function in the evening. 

Shortly afterwards I had a visit from Mr. John 
Walter, of The Times, who brought to see me his 


Berlin correspondent, Mr. Saunders. He asked me 
the same questions as Sir Edward Grey had put to 
me; and he also suggested that the proposed visit 
should be abandoned, or delayed. He said the 
French Government were aware of the intention of 
the Germans to use the Lord Mayor of London as 
a pawn in their game, and he bid me beware. 

Well, I went to Berlin as arranged ; and on the 
1 8th I went with our party to Charlottenburg, where, 
at a public luncheon in the Town Hall (it is interesting 
to see how my objection to a dinner was avoided) 
Burgomaster Matting recalled the fact that ninety- 
two years ago to-day Englishmen and Prussians 
had fought shoulder to shoulder; and that now, as 
then, English and Germans must stand together. 

In replying, I said I was glad to say that France, 
which was our foe nearly a hundred years ago, was 
now our stanchest ally. The following extract from 
Le Petit Journal of the 2ist of June, 1907, showed 
how alert Paris was at this time : 

" Depdche de noire Correspondant. 

"Berlin, 20 Juin. 

11 Le jour anniversaire de la Bataille de Waterloo 
le lord-maire et un certain nombre d'ediles de Londres 
qui font actuellement un voyage en Allemagne 
assistaient a un dejeuner qui leur offrait la munici- 
palite de Charlottenburg pres de Berlin. 

" A 1'heure des toasts le Bourgemestre crut bon 
de rappeler que ce mcme jour il y a juste quatre- 
vingt-douze ans les armees anglaises et allemandes 
avaient combattu cote a cote dans les plaines de 
Waterloo. II termina son allocution en disant que 


' Maintenant comme alors Allemands et Anglais 
devaient marcher ensemble.' Avec beaucoup de tact, 
le lord-maire se contenta de repondre : 

" ' Je suis un homme de paix et non un homme 
de guerre. Tout ce que je peux dire, c'est que le 
vaillant ennemi de 1'Angleterre en 1815 est aujourd- 
'hui notre plus sur allie (our stanchest ally).' Les 
Anglais presents a ce banquet ont & vraiment 
affect e"s par la preuve de mauvais gout donnde par 
ce bourgemestre tudesque. Les Allemands sans parti 
pris ont deplore" qu'il se fut attire* la fine rdplique du 
lord-maire de Londres." 

An article appeared in Nash's Magazine of January, 
1910, called " The Terror on Europe's Threshold." 
The author, Mr. Alexander Powell, displayed quite 
a prophetic instinct about the war which was to 
break out four years later. He points out how the 
ambition of the Kaiser was to dominate the Continent 
and the world, how he bullied France, and how he. 
was always striving to test the strength of the Anglo- 
French alliance. Mr. Powell then goes on to refer 
to " the cleverly arranged plot " to trap the Lord 
Mayor, and I venture to give his own words, written 
some three years after my visit to Berlin : 

" Behind the documentary dust of diplomacy are 
hidden comedies as well as tragedies, and the fierce 
battle which is being raged in the underworld of 
Anglo- Franco-German politics has produced instances 
of both. Here is the story of one of the comedies 
a petty affair, it is true; but it bade fair to be a 
tragedy; and if the conspirators who planned it had 
succeeded, it would probably have ended the friend- 
ship of England and France. On this occasion the 


city of Berlin prepared a vociferous welcome for a 
Lord Mayor of London, in which triumphal arches, 
banquets, toasts, and decorations all bore their part. 
There was to be a great dinner with the Lord Mayor, 
as its chief figure, with a chinking of glasses and a 
making of speeches to proclaim to the world the fact 
that the peoples on both sides of the North Sea were 
brothers despite the war talk. But scarcely had the 
Lord Mayor set foot on German soil than a dis- 
quieting report reached the British Foreign Office 
through French secret service sources, that some- 
thing besides a banquet was afoot in Berlin. There 
was a cleverly arranged plot, said the Suret officials, 
to trap the Lord Mayor, whose utterances would be 
taken as those of the British nation, into making 
some indiscreet remark which would be seized upon 
by the Anglophobe pens of Paris as an excuse for 
denouncing the Anglo-French alliance. The secret 
agents of the French Government were right. The 
occasion utilised was an official luncheon in Berlin, 
at which the chairman reminded his guests that on 
that day fell the anniversary of Waterloo, and ex- 
pressed the hope that in the future as in the past, 
Germans and Britons would stand shoulder to 
shoulder against the common foe the foe, of course, 
being France. 

" Most men would not have seen the danger until 
it was too late, and would have replied, thoughtlessly 
enough, that they seconded such a wish, and that 
they drank to the health of their friends and brothers 
the Germans. But that Lord Mayor was a diplomat, 
if ever there was one; he sold good Persian carpets 
in his private capacity, and that is why, perhaps, he 
was so imbued with Oriental cunning. For, amid 


an expectant silence, he rose in his place, imposing 
in his fur-trimmed robes and his chain of office, and 
replied that the anniversary of Waterloo but served 
to remind all Englishmen of the progress they had 
made in friendship and understanding with their 
good neighbours, the French, and taking this as his 
theme, he availed himself very adroitly of the opening 
thus given him by German diplomacy to applaud 
the entente with France." 

Saturday, 15th June. Departed from Victoria 
Station at 8.35 p.m. for Berlin, via Queenborough 
and Flushing. I have been feeling ill for some days, 
and once or twice I was afraid I might have to 
abandon my intention of going on this visit to 
Germany. I wrote to the Head Burgomaster asking 
to be allowed to take with me my doctor, the late 
Henry Hetley. Dr. Kirchner at once consented, and 
sent personal invitations for him to all the functions 
which had been arranged. This was a great comfort 
to me, because Hetley was a very dear friend of mine. 
I am sure he enjoyed the tour, for he was a very 
hard-working man, and seldom took any relaxation. 

The members of the deputation (alas ! how many 
of them have gone !) were Alderman Sir Vansittart 
Bowater, Mr. Deputy Cuthbertson, Deputy Sir 
George Woodman, Mr. Deputy Turner, Sir Thomas 
Brooke-Hitching, Mr. J. Cloudsley, Mr. W. P. Neal, 
Colonel Vickers Dunfee, Mr. W. H. Pitman, Mr. 
W. H. Key, Mr. W. H.Thomas, Mr. W. Hacker, 
Mr. J. Rowland Brough, Mr. R. Davies, Mr. Alex 
Tillie, Mr. A. E. Palmer, Mr. James Lake, Mr. S. 
Pollitzer, Mr. W. J. Downes, Mr. J. J. Redding, 
Mr. W. W. Green, Mr. D. Haydon, Mr. F. D. Bowles, 
Mr. Carl Hentschel, Mr. James Roll (now Alderman), 


Mr. F. Brinsley-Harper, Mr. J. G. Howell, Mr. W. 
Cambden, Mr. S. J. Sandle, Mr. E. H. Green, the 
Rev. Percival Clementi-Smith, M.A., Mr. L. A. 
Newton, Mr. R. Green, Mr. T. Robinson, Mr. L. 
Bamberger, Mr. C. P. Whiteley, Mr. Howarth Barnes, 
Mr. G. Frankel, Mr. H. G. W. Brinsley, Mr. C. McCraig 
Wither, Mr. G. C. H. Jennings, Mr. T. Ellis, Mr. W. 
Hurst Brown, the Chamberlain (Sir J. Dimsdale), 
the Town Clerk (Mr., now Sir, James Bell), and the 
Remembrancer (Mr. A. Pollock), Mr. Alderman and 
Sheriff Crosby, Mr. Sheriff W. H. Dunn (since Alder- 
man, and Baronet). 

I see by the papers that the Municipality of Berlin 
propose a vote of 40,000 marks i.e., 2,000 as the 
cost of our visit. 

Sunday, 16th June. We arrived at Berlin about 
7 p.m., and were received by Burgomaster Kirchner 
and other municipal representatives, and taken to 
our hotels; mine was the Bristol, where a fine suite 
of rooms on the first floor was placed at my disposal. 
This is the programme of the work and enjoyment 
confronting us : 

Morning. Visit to the Government School, Wilhelmstrasse, No. 10. 

Visit to Public Baths, Barwaldstrasse, No. 64. 

Visit to the Frederick High School, Mittenwalderstrasse 
Nos. 31-34. 

Lunch in the Rheingold Restaurant. 
Afternoon. Inspection of the Rudolf Virchow Hospital. 
Evening. Dinner in Town Hall, 8 p.m. 


Morning. Visit to the Royal Museum and Technical School' 

Andreasstrasse, Nos. 1/2. 
Journey on the High and Underground Railways from the 

Schleswig Gate to Charlottenburg. 
Lunch at Town Hall, Charlottenburg. 


Afternoon. Visit to the Charlottenburg School of Forestry. 

Grunewald Colony. 
Evening. Opera, 8 p.m. Reception afterwards at the Houses 

of Parliament. 


Morning. Visit Zoological Garden and Picture Galleries. 

Lunch at the Picture Galleries. 

Afternoon. Visit to the Municipal Institution at Buch. 
Evening. Dinner, Zoological Garden. 


Morning. Drive to Potsdam. 
Evening. Dinner at Kaiserhof, 7 p.m. 

Monday, 17th June. This morning (by-the-by, 
this is Ascot week at home), just before ten, we went 
off in motor-cars flying English and German flags; 
each car took four of us, and a Berlin alderman, 
who talked English, to a Board School, where the 
Chief Burgomaster spoke a few words from the 
master's rostrum, or stand, in the centre of the room. 
After he had finished, I entered the stand and made 
a little speech. Children sang hymns of welcome; 
then there was a great chorus-song sung by the boys, 
" Long Live the Kaiser." Singing national songs 
is part of a child's education in Germany. 

Then we saw some wonderful swimming and 
gymnastic performances. 

We lunched at the new Rheingold Restaurant, 
which has accommodation for seating five thousand 
people. We had a good lunch and no speeches, and 
were then taken to the great Municipal Hospital 
named after Dr. Virchow. This is a free hospital, 
or series of hospitals, maintained by the rates, 
equipped as are only the very best and most expensive 


hospitals here. Berlin has a right to be proud of 
this magnificent hospital. 

We dined, and were formally welcomed, at a 
gorgeous state banquet in the Town Hall, where 
over a thousand of Berlin's most illustrious citizens 
gathered to do us honour. Amongst those present 
were Dr. Von Bethman-Hollweg, Minister of the 
Interior; Herr Nicherding, Secretary of State for the 
Department of Justice; Herr Dernberg, Secretary of 
State for the Colonies. Count Posadowsky, the 
Imperial Home Secretary, proposed the joint toast 
of "The Kaiser and King Edward." I am able to 
give his words : 

" Gentlemen, In this place, in the Town Hall of 
the capital of the German Empire, where so many 
events full of significance for the German Empire, 
the State of Prussia, and the City of Berlin have 
already been celebrated, we have to-day the honour 
to salute the Head of the City of London, the greatest 
city of earth, which was an important trading place 
already at the time of the' Romans, before Christ. 
We have taken over from England the principle of 
communal self-government in the modern sense. 
When the Lord Mayor of London, the head of the 
greatest city self-government corporation of this 
giant city, which can look back on a history and 
experience of 2,000 years, accompanied by numerous 
City representatives, comes to Germany in order to 
see the communal arrangements of our country, this 
can only fill us with genuine pleasure; this means the 
recognition that the German city authorities have 
known how to comply with the rising requirements 
of their office, and thus to offer the representatives 


of such an ancient place of culture as London, many 
things worth enquiring into, and perhaps even 
imitating. As the representative of the Empire at 
this festive meeting, I heartily welcome in Germany 
the Lord Mayor of London. The Empire and State 
authorities, jointly with the communal corporations, 
will do their best to show our guests all the arrange- 
ments in the social and communal domain that they 
consider worth their examination. The fact that 
in modern times the communal corporations in Great 
Britain, as well as in Germany, have reached such 
a tremendous development, is due to the Monarchs 
of the two countries having showed great under- 
standing and interest in the welfare of the quickly 
growing town population, and to their statesman- 
like wisdom, which left' in full confidence to the self- 
government of the cities the problems of general 
state administration. We wish, therefore, now, in 
the first place, to honour the Monarchs of the two 
great States, and to express to them our homage by 
calling long life to His Majesty the German Kaiser, 
King of Prussia, and His Majesty the King of Great 
Britain and Ireland." 

It was one of the Ministers of State sitting next to 
me at the dinner, who said : " Hullo ! you've got the 
Vicar of Wakefield with you." He was referring to 
the Rev. P. Clementi-Smith, one of our party, who 
has a very good head of white hair and a fine healthy- 
looking, good-humoured countenance, and who would 
certainly make a good representation of the Vicar 
of Wakefield on a film. 

In responding to the toast of " The Guests," pro- 
posed by Burgomaster Kirchner, I told them that if 


I were not Lord Mayor of London I would like to be 
Chief Burgomaster of Berlin, and that I should be 
disengaged early in November. 

Tuesday, 18th June. To-day we went to two 
museums, the Pergamon and the Kaiser Frederick, 
and then went to Charlottenburg, a suburb of Berlin, 
with a population of three hundred thousand, and 
a separate corporation. At lunch here occurred 
the affair described on p. 176. What interested me 
here was the " Forest School," to which delicate or 
sickly children are taken in trams or other vehicles, 
and given lessons suitable to their state of health 
in the open air, after which they are sent home in 
the same way. It is a splendid idea, and is all done 
out of the rates. 

Wednesday, 19th June. We went to-day to the 
Zoological Gardens, to some art galleries, and an 
annual exhibition of paintings. 

This evening we went to a gala performance at the 
opera, where Donizetti's Daughter of the Regiment 
was given, followed by an informal supper in the 
large lobby of the Reichstag. 

Thursday, 20th June. I received this morning the 
following telegram from the Kaiser : 

" I have received with many thanks your Lord- 
ship's and Corporation of London's kind message. 
I am particularly pleased to know that you will 
to-day be my welcome guests at Potsdam, and 
sincerely hope you may enjoy your visit. I regret 
not to be able to be present myself, and have ordered 
His Royal Highness Prince Frederick Leopold of 
Prussia to represent me and receive you in my 
name. WILHELM." 


A special train took us to Waunsee on the River 
Havel, where we embarked on a pretty little steamer 
for Potsdam. At Potsdam we were received by 
Baron von Reischbach, Lord Chamberlain, who 
escorted me to a handsome barouche; I found that 
all our party were similarly accommodated in royal 
carriages, with attendant footmen in royal liveries. 
We had a pleasant drive through the royal borough. 
Before proceeding to the New Palace, the Emperor's 
residence, we halted at the Garrison Church at 
Potsdam, where, in the name of the Corporation, 
I deposited a wreath on the iron casket of Frederick 
the Great, which rests on a plain stone vault behind 
the altar. 

After seeing the rooms at the New Palace, and 
admiring the park, we drove to the Sans Souci 
Palace, where, in the orangery, we were received and 
welcomed by His Royal Highness Prince Frederick 
Leopold of Prussia on the Kaiser's behalf. We had 
a splendid luncheon, and afterwards drove to the 
mausoleum where the Emperor Frederick and His 
Empress, our English Princess Royal, lie side by 
side, and deposited wreaths bearing the names of our 

Our hosts bade us formal farewell at a banquet 
at the Hotel Kaiserhof, and we left the next morning 
at 11.30 for home. I handed to the Chief Burgo- 
master before I left the sum of 8,000 marks i.e., 
400 for the poor of Berlin. This is in accordance 
with custom, and was made up as follows : 

Lord Mayor . . . . . . ... . . . . 100 

Sheriff Crosby 50 

Sheriff Dunn 50 

Subscribed by the other members and officers . . 200 



Saturday, 22nd June. We arrived early this morn- 
ing, and I sent by telegram to the Chief Burgo- 
master of Berlin the thanks and cordial good wishes 
of our party. 

I forgot to say that when I was on the platform 
at Berlin ready to start I received from the Kaiser 
by telegraph an invitation to go on board his yacht 
at Kiel. I could not have accepted his invitation 
even had I received it earlier, as I had been com- 
manded by King Edward to a garden-party at 
Windsor to-day 

On my arrival at the Mansion House this morning 
I received the following letter : 




"June 2ist, '07. 

" As I see you have returned from your most 
successful visit to Berlin, on which I congratulate 
you, I hasten to say that it will give me great pleasure 
if you will allow me to submit your name to the 
King for the honour of a baronetcy. I know that 
His Majesty, in common with all of us, has a high 
appreciation of the admirable manner in which on 
two occasions of a royal visit by a foreign sovereign 
to the City, you have represented not only the great 
community over whose affairs you so worthily 
preside, but our countrymen at large. 

" This is, of course, to be kept quite private for the 

" Believe me, dear Sir William, 

" Yours very sincerely, 


I, of course, at once replied to this very kind 
letter in a suitable manner, and then went by motor- 
car to Windsor. 

I met the Premier at the garden-party, who asked 
if I had received his letter. I answered Yes, and 
said I had replied to it. I thanked him for the tone 
of it, and he was good enough to express in even 
warmer and more flattering terms his satisfaction 
with my conduct in Berlin. I have reason to believe 
that he mentioned the matter to an exalted person, 
who was pleased, and laughed at the story. 

I got back to London, and owing to a breakdown of 
the car was only just in time to preside at the Seven- 
teenth Readers' Dinner of the London Association 
of Correctors of the Press. I had no time to dress 
in fact, I drove straight to De Keyser's Hotel, where 
the dinner was held, and the Mayoral Jewel was sent 
to me there at the earnest solicitation of Mr. Sheriff 
Dunn, who said that if I did not wear it he feared 
that some evil-disposed persons might suggest that 
I had pawned it in Berlin to pay my fare home. 

Sunday, 23rd June. The Lady Mayoress had a 
reception at the Mansion House, where we received 
about 1,200 members of the National Sunday League, 
Mr. R. M. Morrell, the founder of the League, handed 
me a cheque for 160 for my Cripples' Fund, making 
a total of 300 given by the League. 

Monday, 24th June. Opened the Sessions at the 
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Darling; 
65 prisoners.) 

This being Midsummer Day, I presided at a meet- 
ing of the Liverymen of London, at 12, at Guildhall, 
to elect two Sheriffs, who will take office on the 
28th September next, and serve for twelve months 


The candidates were Mr. Alderman Burnett, Mr. 
Charles C. Wakefield, C.C., and Mr. T. B. Baptie, 
J.P., a member of the Stock Exchange. The show 
of hands was in favour of Burnett and Wakefield. 
A poll was demanded for Baptie. 

I paid a visit, with the Lady Mayoress and my 
daughter, to the French Hospital, Victoria Park 
Road, South Hackney. A short service was given 
in French in the pretty little chapel, and afterwards 
the children of the French Protestant School at 
Westminster sang French songs. The Lady Mayoress 
distributed the Fontanean gifts in money from a 
legacy bequeathed many years ago, the recipients 
were forty men and twenty women. We had after- 
wards a pleasant luncheon, winding up with a loving- 
cup and speeches. 

Tuesday, 25th June. At n to Central Criminal 
Court to receive the Judge, Mr. Justice Darling. 

Drove to Beddington in the afternoon, with the 
Lady Mayoress and Miss Treloar, and Sheriff Dunn 
and Miss Dunn, to the Royal Female Orphan Asylum. 
The Lady Mayoress distributed the prizes. Unfor- 
tunately the weather was bad, and the rain made 
it impossible to have any function in the garden, as 

The orphan girls wore very pretty white caps. 
It occurred to me it would greatly improve the 
appearance of the Aldermen if their hats were white. 

Attended a dinner of the Worshipful Company of 
Poulterers at Frascati's Restaurant, the Master, Mr. 
R. Pain Walkden, presiding. 

Wednesday, 26th June. Attended in state at St. 
Mary Aldermanbury Church a service at 12.30 in aid 
of my Fund. 


Mr. and Mrs. Hanson, Dr. Jane Walker, and 
others, to lunch. 

Presided at the Mansion House at 4, at a meeting 
held to inaugurate an educational health and food 
campaign. Dr. Crichton-Browne discoursed on the 
advantages of knowledge as to what was the best 
and cheapest food. He said feeding was better than 
education; he deplored the disuse of porridge, and 
said patent sauces are now only second in popularity 
to patent pills. 

Dined with the Archbishop of Canterbury at 
Lambeth Palace. Prayers in the chapel at 7.30. 
Dinner at 8. 

Thursday, 27th June. Lord O'Hagan called by 
appointment at 12. 

Court of Common Council at Guildhall at i . 

Presided at a dinner at De Keyser's Hotel in aid 
of Miller 's H ospital (Greenwich) . Sheriffs Sir Thomas 
Crosby and Sir W. H. Dunn, Lord Dartmouth, and 
many other distinguished guests present. 1,200 

Attended reception of the Chairman of the London 
County Council, Mr. H. Percy Harris, at the Grafton 

Friday, 28th June. Declaration of poll for Sheriffs 
at ii. Burnett and Wakefield were elected. 

Presentation of the Freedom to Lord Lister at 
Guildhall, 11.30. There was a very large and influ- 
ential gathering, including the Presidents of the 
Royal Colleges of Surgeons and of Physicians, and 
the leading medical men of London, and representa- 
tives of every hospital. 

Presided at the commencement of an important 
meeting at the Mansion House in connection with the 


National Institution of Apprenticeship. Lord Ave- 
bury moved the resolution, and presided after I left 
the chair. 

Presided at distribution of prizes by the Lady 
Mayoress at the Wanstead Orphan Asylum at 3. 

Dined in full dress with the Home Secretary, the 
Rt. Hon. Herbert Gladstone, at the Grafton Galleries. 
King's birthday. 

Afterwards attended a reception at the Foreign 
Office. Received congratulations from Cabinet 
Ministers and many prominent men on the success 
of my visit to Berlin; in fact, I was patted on the 
back by one or two bold spirits. 

Saturday, 29th June. Drove to Purley with the 
Lady Mayoress. Prize day of the Warehousemen 
and Clerks ' School . SirWilliam Dunn was present ; and 
after lunch we robed for the benefit of the children, and 
prizes and speeches filled up the time until we left. 

Attended at Lambeth Palace the Archbishop of 
Canterbury's garden-party. 

I had my brother Savages to dinner at the Mansion 
House, and a very pleasant and jovial evening we 
had. Mark Twain was there, and amused us with 
a humorous speech. Charles Santley charmed us 
by singing " Simon the Cellarer "; the Norwegian 
Minister^ Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, told us stories about 
Norway and the Vikings; Edward Terry, Franklin 
Clive, Mostyn Pigott, and many other Savages of 
light and leading, " did their bit." My old friend 
and schoolfellow Lord Alverstone, Lord Chief Justice 
of England, proposed my health. There were 229 
guests, and the evening was one that will be memor- 
able in the annals of the Savage Club and of the 
Mansion House. 


Sunday, 30th June. Went with the Lady Mayoress 
in state to St. Pancras Parish Church at 1 1 ; offertory 
for my Fund. 

We afterwards lunched with Sir Thomas and Miss 
Crosby at 19, Gordon Square. 

Monday, 1st July. Received a deputation from 
St. Anne's Society, Mansion House, 10.45. 

Attended in state to meet Princess Christian at 
the opening of the City of London Lying-in-Hospital, 
City Road, at 3. 

Went in state to Kennington Oval to witness a 
cricket match between " Jockeys " and " Athletes " 
in aid of my Fund. 

Attended Dominion Day dinner given by Lord 
Strathcona at Hotel Cecil. 

Tuesday, 2nd July. Dr. Jane Walker, Dr. Chalmers 
Mitchell, and others, to lunch. 

Went to a Stepney bazaar, held at People's Palace, 
to meet the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, 3. 

Attended Bishop of London's meeting at Mansion 
House in aid of the Bishop of London's Fund, 4.30. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Fanmakers 
at De Keyser's Hotel; the Master, Sir Homewood 
Crawford, City Solicitor, presiding. 

Wednesday, 3rd July. Attended meeting of the 
Patriotic Fund Committee, 17, Waterloo Place, 1 1.30. 

Received a command from Queen Alexandra to 
attend at the Art Gallery, Guildhall, at 3. Her 
Majesty paid a private visit to see the Danish Loan 
Exhibition of pictures there. She was accompanied 
by Princess Victoria, and attended by Lady Suffield, 
the Hon. Charlotte Knollys, Lord Howe, and the 
Hon. Sidney Greville. Although the visit was quite 
private and informal, by the Queen's wish the public 


was not restricted. Mr. A. G. Temple, Art Director, 
accompanied me, and Her Majesty spent an hour 
in looking at the pictures, many of which were well 
known to her. The royal party took tea in the 
Director's room, and I was graciously invited to 
join the party. Her Majesty expressed the great 
pleasure she had derived from seeing so interesting 
a collection. 

The annual banquet to the Archbishops and Bishops 
took place at the Mansion House, at which was a 
very representative attendance. The Archbishop of 
Canterbury responded to the toast of the health 
of the Archbishop and Bishops, and the Bishop of 
London proposed the toast of the Lord Mayor and 
Lady Mayoress. 292 guests. 

Thursday, 4th July. Received a deputation from 
the Ward of Billingsgate re Cripples' Fund, 1 1 . 

Presided at the Mansion House at a meeting of 
the Hospital Sunday Fund Distribution Committee. 

Attended in state carriage a garden-party at Bute 
House, Hammersmith, given by the Mayor (Mr. 
E. C. Rawlings) in aid of my Fund. Sir William 
Bull, M.P., Mr. Jocelyn Brandon, and Mr. Edward 
Collins were present. 

Friday, 5th July. Meeting of Privileges Committee 
of the Court of Aldermen, Guildhall, i . 

Went to the Hippodrome to a matinee in aid of 
my Fund, 3.30. 

The annual dinner to the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer and the Bankers and Merchants of the City 
of London was held at Mansion House. Mr. Asquith 
responded to the toast of " Continued Prosperity to 
the Public Purse, and the health of the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer," given by me. The Governor of 


the Bank of England responded for " the Merchants 
and Bankers," which I proposed; and Lord Avebury 
proposed " the Lord Mayor and the Lady Mayoress," 
to which I responded. 252 guests. 

Went afterwards to Lady Portsmouth's At Home, 
1 6, Mansfield Street. 

Saturday, 6th July. 120 Canadian educationalists 
were shown over the Mansion House, 1 1 .30. 

A party of the Boys' Brigade was shown over the 
Mansion House, 3.45. 

Went to Okehampton, accompanied by Sir W. H. 
Dunn, where we arrived at 6 o'clock, and were 
received by General Holley, who was to be our host 
during our visit, the Mayor (Mr. W. B. German), 
and Mr. Sydney Simmons. One or two speeches 
were made at the station, and General Holley took 
us in his car to Oaklands. Here, in his lovely park, 
his tenantry and workpeople were assembled to do 
us honour. A dinner-party was given to welcome 
us by the General this evening, Mr. and Mrs. Sydney 
Simmons being present. The object of my visit is 
to open a park which Mr. Simmons is giving to 
Okehampton, his native town. 

Sunday, 7th July. We attended this morning the 
parish church, where a sermon was preached by the 
Bishop of Exeter from the text Micah i. 6 and iv. 2. 

Monday, 8th July. W 7 e went in full state to the 
Town Hall at 1 1 .30, when Mr. Sydney Simmons and 
I received the Hon. Freedom of the town. The 
Mayor made the presentations in a very nice speech, 
and we both suitably responded. The scrolls were 
enclosed in silver-gilt caskets, bearing the Arms 
of the Borough, and the words " Incorporated 
Edward I., A.D. 1272." 


Luncheon in the Market Square, the Bishop of 
Exeter, General Holley, and the Mayors of Torquay, 
Honiton, Great Torrington, Tiverton, Dartmouth, 
South Molton, Bideford, Barnstaple, Exeter, and 
Andover, wearing their chains of office, being present. 
After luncheon to the New Park, where a spacious 
stand had been erected. Here the proceedings began 
with a short service conducted by the Rev. A. Linzea 
Giles; the hymns " Praise God from whom all bless- 
ings flow " and " Now thank we all our God " were 
sung, and then I declared the park open, at the 
request of Mr. Simmons, who handed the deeds to 
the Mayor and a silver key to me. 

Then we attended an At Home of the Mayoress 
(Mrs. German). Some tree-planting had to be 
abandoned, or rather postponed, on account of the 

Tuesday, 9th July. Left Okehampton by the 9.35 
a.m. train. 

At 3 I went in state, with the Lady Mayoress and 
the Sheriffs, to distribute the prizes at the Freemen's 
Orphan School at Brixton. Received by the Chair- 
man, Mr. Charles Johnston, and Mrs. Johnston. A 
garden-party, tea, and sports followed. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Gardeners 
at Fishmongers' Hall, Sir Thomas Dewar, the Master, 

Wednesday, 10th July. Attended Butcher's garden- 
party at Walham Green, at 3.30, with Sir William 

Afterwards to the Archbishop of Canterbury's 
garden-party, Lambeth Palace. 

Presided at a banquet of members of the Anglo- 
French Association, L 'Entente Cordiale, at the 


Trocadero. The Lady Mayoress and the Sheriffs 
were present; also Lord Fitzmaurice, the Greek 
Minister, the Marquis de la Begassiere, the Mayor of 
Calais, and many others. 

Thursday, llth July. Committee of the whole Court, 

Court of Common Council, at i . 

Meeting, Mrs. Close's Emigration Scheme, Mansion 
House, 3.30. 

Opened in state the i4th Summer Flower Show 
in connection with the People's Palace and East 
London Horticultural Society. The King and Mr. 
Leopold de Rothschild lent choice flowering plants. 
The Lady Mayoress was present. The Hon. Harry 
Lawson welcomed us to the Exhibition. 

Friday, 12th July. Meeting at Mansion House at 
2.30, Distribution Committee of the Hospital Sunday 

Dined with the Mayor of Marylebone, Sir Thomas 
Brooke-Hitching, at the Wharncliffe Rooms of the 
Hotel Great Central. About 120 guests, including 
the Rev. H. Russell Wakefield, Prebendary Barker, 
Archdeacon Sinclair, Sir Albert de Rutzen, Sir John 
Cockburn, Sir Thomas Pink and Mr. A. C. Plowden. 
The Mayor made a presentation on behalf of the 
members of the Council to the late Mayor (Mr. W. 

Saturday, 13th July. Left Liverpool Street, with 
the Sheriffs, at 10.40 for Bury St. Edmunds, to see 
the pageant there, which has been prepared and 
organised by Mr. Louis N. Parker; to lunch with the 
Mayor (Mr. Owen A. Clark), and to receive the Hon. 
Freedom of the ancient and historic borough. There 
was a large and representative gathering, including 


Sir Ernest Clarke, Captain Harvey, R.N., M.P., Mr. 
G. A. Hardy, M.P., the Lord Mayor of York, the 
Mayors of King's Lynn, Beccles, Eye, Peterborough, 
Chelmsford, Wisbech, Thetford, Ipswich, Cambridge, 
Colchester, Aldeburgh, Maldon, Southwold, Norwich, 
Yarmouth, Sudbury, and Saffron Walden, and many 

The Freedom was conferred upon me before lunch. 
The motto of this ancient borough is, " The shrine 
of the King, and the cradle of the Law." After 
luncheon the Mayor, in proposing my health, said 
I had been to " Berlin on the Spree, and now came 
to Bury on the Lark." 

Monday, 15th July. Miss Olga Nethersole called 
by appointment at 1 1 . She rode with me in the 
state coach to St. George's Circus, Blackfriars Road, 
where I inaugurated a new clock tower, presented 
by Mr. W. B. Faulkner and Mr. F. Faulkner to the 
Borough of Southwark. 

The opening ceremony took place in the presence 
of a large company, including the Bishop of South- 
wark, the Mayor of Southwark, and the Rt. Hon. 
R. K. Causton, M.P. We first assembled in the 
Passmore Edwards Library. The tower was originally 
erected to the memory of Lord Mayor Brass Crosby, 
who had been imprisoned in the Tower with Alder- 
man Oliver for his action with Alderman John Wilkes 
in defending the freedom of the Press. Amongst the 
plate at the Mansion House is a cup called the 
" Crosby " Cup, commemorating his action, which 
was presented to him by the Corporation and given 
by him to the City. 

Presided in Mansion House saloon at the annual 
meeting of the British Empire League. Amongst 


those present were Lord Selby, Lord Knutsford, Lord 
Avebury, Lord Blyth, Admiral Sir E. R. Freemantle, 
Mr. C. H. Rason (Agent-General for Western Aus- 
tralia), Sir John Tweedy, Sir Rivers Wilson. Lord 
Derby moved the adoption of the report, which Lord 
Selby seconded. 

Attended, with the Lady Mayoress, the annual 
sports at Herne Hill in aid of the Billingsgate Hospital 
and Fishmongers' and Poulterers' Institution. 

Tuesday, 16th July. Meeting of City Imperial 
Volunteers Trustees, Mansion House, at 12.30. 

Court of Aldermen, Guildhall, 12.50. 

Mr. Toft, a brother Savage and a good sculptor, 
to lunch, 1.30. 

Visited, with the Lady Mayoress and Sir W. H. 
Dunn, the Stepney and Bow Foundation School, to 
distribute prizes. Mr. Henry Cushen, Vice-Chairman 
of the Governors, presided. There are i ,000 scholars. 
The school was founded in 1538. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Coach 
and Coach Harness Makers at De Keyser's Hotel, the 
Master, Captain Chancellor, presiding. The motto 
of this Company is, " Surgit post nubila Phoebus." 

Wednesday, 17th July. Opened at Werndee Hall, 
South Norwood, a Wesleyan Church Fete and Bazaar 
in aid of my Fund. The grounds were lent by Mr. 
and Mrs. Sydney Smith. The Lady Mayoress, Sir 
William and Miss Dunn, accompanied me. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Cooks 
at Mercers' Hall, the Master, Mr. H. Volckman, 

Afterwards attended the First Lord of the Ad- 
miralty's (Lord Tweedmouth) reception at the 


Thursday, 18th July. Opened the Empire Educa- 
tion Fund Exhibition at the Horticultural Hall at 
Westminster, at 1 1 . 

Left St. Pancras for St. Albans at 12.15, with the 
Lady Mayoress and the Sheriffs and their daughters. 
We were received at the railway-station by the 
Mayor of St. Albans (Mr. Worssam) and the Town 
Clerk (Mr. Debenham). Our state carriage had been 
sent on by the 8 o'clock train. We were in full 
state, with sword and mace. Luncheon was served 
in the Town Hall. Amongst others present were 
the Earl of Clarendon, Lord-Lieutenant of Herts, 
Lad}'- Edith Villiers, the Marquis and Marchioness 
of Salisbury, Sir John and Lady Evans, the Bishop of 
Colchester, Mr. N. Micklem, M.P., and Mrs. Micklem, 
Mr. H. Carlile, M.P., and Mrs. Carlile, and the 
Mayors and Chairmen from the towns in the district. 
After witnessing the very magnificent pageant we 
left for town by the 6 o'clock train. 

Friday, 19th July. I visited with the Lady 
Mayoress and the Sheriffs the Central London Dis- 
trict Schools at Hanwell, and the Lady Mayoress 
distributed the prizes. 

Went, as commanded, with the Lady Mayoress to 
a State Ball at Buckingham Palace. 

Saturday, 20th July. Went with the Lady Mayoress 
to Broadstairs to Founders' Day of the Yarrow 
Home, and to be the guest until Monday of my dear 
friend Sir Alfred Yarrow, Bart. He is exactly the 
same age as I am, both of us having been born on 
the 1 3th of January, 1843. 

Monday, 22nd July. Opened the Sessions at 
Central Criminal Court at 10. (Mr. Justice Darling; 
87 prisoners.) 


Visited a small children's hospital at Winifred 
House, Wray Crescent, Tollington Park, at 3.30, at 
the request of Mrs. Mills. 

Tuesday, 23rd July. Received the Judge (Mr. 
Justice Darling) at Central Criminal Court at 1 1 . 

Meeting of the Empire Education Trustees at the 
Mansion House at i . 

Sir Albert Rollit, Madame Take Jonescu, and 
others, to lunch, 1.30. 

Opening of the new"" out-patients' block at St. 
Bartholomew's Hospital by T.R.H. the Prince and 
Princess of Wales at 3.30. Attended in state, with 
the Sheriffs. The Princess was elected a Governor 
of the hospital. 

Wednesday, 24th July. Received at the Mansion 
House about 400 members of the Auctioneers' 

Entertained to luncheon at Guildhall by the 
members of the deputation who went with me to 
Berlin; Mr. Deputy Turner presided. The German 
Ambassador was present, who announced that the 
Kaiser had been graciously pleased to confer upon 
me the Star and Second Class of his Order of the 
Red Eagle, and on the Sheriffs the Second Class of 
his Order of the Crown. 

After luncheon, I motored with Sir W. H. Dunn 
to Burnham-on-Crouch to a flower show, and to see 
my dear old friend Deputy William Rome, who was 
on his death-bed. 

Thursday, 25th July. Lord Monkswell called, by 
appointment, at 10.30. 

Chevalier Cernigleare Melliti called, by appoint- 
ment, at 1 1 . 

Committee of the whole Court, 12.30. 


Court of Common Council at i . 

Friday, 26th July. Distributed prizes at the 
annual meeting of the City of London School. The 
Lady Mayoress and Sheriffs were present. Mr. W. 
Bull, the late Chairman, presided, in the absence 
through illness of the Chairman, Mr. E. H. Lamb, 

Meeting of the City School Boys' Shooting Club at 
the Mansion House at 4. Earl Roberts present. A 
great little man, whose example is an inspiration to 
his country. 

Visited a factory for the employment of cripples 
at 77, East Road, Hoxton. 

Saturday, 27th July. Went to Alton by motor 
with the Lady Mayoress at 9.30. 

A party of the Gresham College Students' Associa- 
tion visited the Mansion House at 4.30. 

Monday, 29th July. Left Victoria Station, with 
Sir W. Dunn, at 10.40 for merry Margate. Our visit 
is in celebration of the Jubilee celebrations of the 
Borough. We lunched with the Mayor (Mr. J. J. 
Hermitage) at Dane Park, where the Bishop of Dover, 
the Vicar of Margate, the Mayor of Ramsgate, and 
Lord George Sanger, circus proprietor and showman, 
were some of the guests. I started a new fountain 
erected in the park. Collections in the town were 
made for my Fund. 

Tuesday, 30th July. Left London, from King's 
Cross at 1 1.25, for a long holiday at Harrogate away 
from functions and footmen. 

I wanted a holiday, and I was especially anxious 
about the health of my wife. I was tortured by the 
idea that perhaps if I had not taken office it would 
have been better for her; but yet she was so pleased 

a j 
S >* 

H 2 


at the success of my Cripples' Fund, and took so much 
interest in every detail of my plans and my work, 
that I hoped she was perhaps more benefited than 
injured by the excitement of it all. 

Sir James Ritchie, Bart., had agreed to be my 
locum tenens at the Mansion House, and I was there- 
fore comparatively free from all Mansion House work. 

We stayed at the Queen Hotel, and had pretty good 
weather. I went up to London only once to preside 
at the Aldermanic Election of Castle Baynard Ward . 

Tuesday, 27th August. Came to London to preside 
at a Wardmote for Castle Baynard Ward for the 
purpose of electing an Alderman to succeed the late 
Sir David Evans. Sir Thomas Vansittart Bowater, 
Sir William Henry Dunn, and Mr. Henry O'Brien 
were nominated. 

The show of hands was in favour of Sir T. V. 
Bowater, and a poll was demanded and ordered 
for to-morrow, the result of which was: Bowater, 
152 votes; O'Brien, 77 votes; Dunn, 37. I, therefore, 
declared Sir T. V. Bowater duly elected. 

The Gramophone Company sent two gentlemen to 
Harrogate to take a record of a speech which was 
delivered at the concert given by that Company at 
the Albert Hall. Beyond this I did nothing. I was 
greatly amused by an American gentleman at the 
Pump-Room one morning rushing up to me and grip- 
ping my hand. " You don't know me, and I never 
saw you before; but I'm told you are the Lord 
Mayor, and I should like to shake hands with 

I have another story to tell. I consulted a medical 
man at Harrogate, who, after carefully examining me, 
threw up his hands in horror, and said: " Oh, my 


Lord Mayor ! but there, of course, the life you have 
been leading is accountable for your serious condition 
too much food, rich food, and little or no exercise. 
Oh dear ! the fact of it is, your stomach is quite six 
inches lower than it ought to be. You see, the 
stomach is held up by muscles, just, for instance, as 
stays are supported by whalebones, and if the muscles 
which hold up the stomach become flabby and useless, 
so we have this condition. You must take exercise 
in the open air; take very little food, and live quite 
plainly and moderately, and you must have a course 
of vibratory massage in accordance with this pre- 
scription. Go to So-and-so with it, and he will know 
what to do, and come and see me again." 

Off I went to have the vibratory massage. I found 
this operation consisted in the rubbing of an iron ball 
with spikes in it, charged with electricity, over my 
stomach. I had about twenty minutes of it, and 
when I was dressed and ready to go, I said: " How 
much have I to pay ?" 

" Oh," said the operator, " you can pay at the end 
of the course." 

I said : " This is the end of the course." 

"No," he said; " you must have three weeks 
according to the prescription." 

I insisted, however, and paid 75. 6d. Before leaving 
Harrogate I had another interview with the medical 
man, who after a careful examination, said : " See the 
effect of vibratory massage. Your stomach is quite 

I have great faith in the Harrogate sulphur water, 
but none in vibratory massage for my stomach. 

Tuesday, 17th September. Wilson's Trust Com- 
mittee, 12.45. 


Court of Aldermen, i, when the new Alderman, 
Sir Vansittart Bowater, was admitted. 

Sir Whittaker Ellis moved: " The members of this 
Court, with sincere pleasure, desire to express to 
Sir Andrew and Lady Lusk their hearty congratula- 
tions upon the approaching ninety-seventh anniver- 
sary of Sir Andrew's birthday, and an expression of 
their hope that he may continue to enjoy the health 
and happiness so long vouchsafed to him." 

Sir Andrew Lusk was Lord Mayor in the year 1873. 

Entertained at the Mansion House the members of 
the Court of Aldermen and their ladies, the high 
officers and their ladies, and others, to meet the newly 
elected Alderman Sir Vansittart Bowater and Lady 
Bowater. 60 guests. 

Wednesday, 18th September. At 9 o'clock this 
morning I entertained to breakfast at the Mansion 
House the Lord Mayor of Cardiff (Sir William Cross- 
man), the Lord Mayor of Bristol (Mr. T. A. Smith), 
and the Lord Mayor of Leeds (Mr. J. Hepworth), and 
after breakfast we four Lord Mayors went in state in 
my carriage to the meeting at Wesley's Chapel in 
the City Road. The Sheriffs also attended. This 
meeting was a conference of the United Methodist 
Church, and my guests at breakfast were members of 
one or other branch of the Methodist Church. Mr. 
Edward Borden, the President of the Conference, was 
in the Chair, and he very graciously gave me the 
position for the short time I was with them. I was 
asked to address the Conference. I venture to give 
a newspaper extract of my response. 

" Sir William Treloar said the platform was full of 
Lord Mayors and Mayors some people might call 
it a ' Mayor's nest.' He had that morning entertained 


three Lord Mayors to breakfast, and in his state 
coach four of us Lord Mayors had been carried from 
the Mansion House to that building. Fortunately, 
he was soon leaving office, so that it would not affect 
him whatever the result on the coachman might be. 
' Some time ago,' he continued, 'I was in Cornwall, 
and met a very entertaining man, who was a Methodist 
at any rate, I know he was a livery-stable keeper. 
As he drove my wife and me about the Lizard he used 
to tell us all sorts of stories, stopping the carriage for 
the purpose. In this way he amused us and rested 
his horses; he was over eighty, and I was interested 
to know how it was he looked so well. He gave me 
his recipe: ' No smoke; no whisky; plenty of good 
society; plenty of fresh air; and last, but not least, 
never cross a bridge till you come to it.' 'Well,' said 
the Lord Mayor, ' I don't smoke ; I don't drink whisky ; 
I am now in very pleasant society ; I have been getting 
at Harrogate plenty of fresh air; and to-day I am 
adopting the last part of the advice I have not pre- 
pared a speech. ' 

The President referred to my Cornish story, and 
added that the gentleman to whom I had referred in 
my speech was his brother-in-law. Confirmation 
strong as Holy Writ. 

After the meeting I entertained to luncheon at the 
Mansion House the Lord Mayors of Cardiff, Leeds, 
and Bristol, and the Mayors of Harrogate, Chatham, 
Appleby, Bury, Southport, Torrington, St. Ives, 
Woodstock, and Keighley, the Sheriffs of Norwich, 
Mr. Alderman Shape (Liverpool), and others who are 
in London in connection with the Methodist Con- 

The Lady Mayoress and I dined with our friends 


Mr. and Mrs. J. Hall Richardson, 48, Thurlow Park 
Road, West Dulwich. 

Thursday, 19th September. Committee of the whole 
Court, 12.30. 

Court of Common Council at i . 

Distributed prizes at St. Bride's Institute. Mr. 
C. J. Drummond, Chairman of Governors, presided; 
and Sir William Dunn and the Rev. P. Clementi- 
Smith were present. 

Friday, 20th September. Presided at a meeting 
or conference on town planning and housing, held at 
Letchworth Garden City, our subject being the 
Housing Lessons of the Garden City. Dr. Macna- 
mara, M.P., the Parliamentary Secretary of the Local 
Government Board, representatives from the London 
County Council, the City Corporation, twenty-four 
Metropolitan boroughs and eighteen provincial cor- 
porations were present. 

Saturday, 21st September. St. Matthew's Day. 
In accordance with ancient custom, the Lord Mayor, 
Sheriffs, and Aldermen, and the Governors of the 
five Royal Hospitals Christ's, St. Bartholomew's, 
Bridewell, Bethlehem, and St. Thomas's ought to 
go in state to Divine Service at Christ Church, 
Newgate Street. The boys of Christ's Hospital, 
Horsham, and the girls from Hertford attend. 

I returned after service to the Mansion House, 
where I gave the boys new coins to 24 Grecians, a 
guinea each; to 7 probationers, half-a-guinea ; 40 
monitors, half-a-crown ; and 619 others, one shilling. 
The boys and girls were entertained to tea by the 
Lady Mayoress, and afterwards returned home. 

Sunday, 22nd September. Went in state at 3.30 
to Christ Church, Westminster Bridge Road, the 


P.S.A. (Pleasant Sunday Afternoon) Brotherhood, 
and delivered an address to a large congregation of 
working people. Made a collection for my Fund. 

Monday, 23rd September. Mr. and Mrs. Kendal, 
Mr. and Mrs. Pilcher, Sir W. H. Dunn and Miss Dunn, 
Mr. Toft and Mr. Franks, and others, to lunch 
at 1.30. 

Tuesday, 24th September. Left Cannon Street 
Station, at 3.45, with Sir William Dunn, for 
St. Leonards and Hastings, to lay the foundation- 
stone of a new wing for children's wards at the 
Buchanan Hospital there at 6. Two footmen in state 
livery for me, and another one for the Sheriffs. After- 
wards we attended at the West Country Association 
dinner at the Queen's Hotel, Hastings. 

We were received by the Mayor (Major S. T. 
Weston) and Mr. Harvey Du Cros, M.P. A cheque 
for 200 was handed to me for my Fund. 

We were put up by Mr. Harvey Du Cros at his 
pretty house, and were royally entertained by him 
and Mrs. Du Cros. 

Wednesday, 25th September. Left Hastings at 10.18, 
arriving at 1.31 . 

At 3 attended in state an entertainment at Prince's 
Theatre, Poplar, in aid of my Fund. 

Went to the Lyceum Theatre to see a performance 
of The Christian. 

Thursday, 26th September. Opened a grand fete 
at Fulham Town Hall in aid of my Fund. 

Dined with the Education Committee at Guildhall, 
Mr. W. H. Key, Chairman, presiding. 

During the evening a presentation of plate was made 
by the members of the Committee to Mr. Key in 
appreciation of his work during the past year. 


Friday, 27th September. Went to Heckford Street 
Council School, Shadwell, at 3.30, to unveil Mrs. 
Heckford's portrait. 

Went to the Chapter House, St. Paul's at about 5, 
to meet Mr. Graham of the Geological Society. 

Presided at the Hale Club dinner at Holborn Restau- 
rant. This club was formerly called the City of 
London Freemen's Club, founded by Mr. Alderman 
Hale, in 1854. 

Afterwards went to the Odeon Concert at the Town 
Hall, Old Street. 

Saturday, 28th September. The new Sheriffs, 
Mr. Alderman Burnett and Mr. C. C. Wakefield, were 
admitted to office at Guildhall at 10 o'clock, I and the 
two out-going Sheriffs, Alderman Sir Thomas Crosby 
and Sir W. H. Dunn, attended in state. After the 
ceremony the new Sheriffs gave a luncheon to their 
friends and supporters at Grocers' Hall. I was not 
present. (I regret that this good old custom has been 

At 1 1 o'clock I attended in state service at 
St. Lawrence Jewry, and afterwards presided at 
Common Hall for the election of my successor. Alder- 
man Sir John Bell was chosen. 

I gave a dinner at the Mansion House to the Alder- 
men and the high officers, with their ladies, to meet 
the Lord Mayor Elect and Lady Bell. 77 guests. 

Monday, 30th September. Left St. Pancras Station 
at 10 a.m., with the new Sheriffs, for Leicester, where 
I am to lay the foundation-stone of the almshouses 
to be erected by the Framework Knitters Company. 
Our horses and carriages and suite went earlier, and 
met us at Leicester Station, so that we might drive 
jn state through the town. 


The Master of the Framework Knitters, Mr. J. A. 

Corah, J.P., met us at the station, and we proceeded 

to the Town Hall. The Mayor (Sir Edward Wood) 

and the Town Clerk (Mr. E. V. Hiley) received us at 

the Town Hall . Here was a large gathering, including 

the Mayors of Derby and Nottingham, Mr. James Bell 

(Town Clerk of London), Mr. Tudor Walters, Sir 

Herbert Marshall, and Sir Samuel Fay. Speeches of 

welcome and their acknowledgment having been got 

through, we went in full state to Oadby. The Mayor, 

the Warden of the Company, the Sheriffs, and I were 

conducted to the platform by the Vicar of Oadby, 

the Rev. J. Raine. After the ceremony and its 

attendant speeches we drove to the Municipal buildings 

at Leicester to luncheon, at which Sir Edward Wood 

presided. After luncheon the Sheriffs went back to 

London, as did the coaches and officers; whilst I went 

to a garden-party at Middlemead, the residence of my 

host and hostess (Mr. and Mrs. Brice), where the 

Lady Mayoress and I spent the night. The Leicester 

Guild of Cripples were present at the garden-party. 

Mrs. Brice gave a dinner-party in our honour, where 

I had the pleasure of meeting my friend Mr. G. Hodges, 

and of talking to him of my dear friend the late 

John M. Cook, who was a native of Leicester, and 

Mr. Hodges' brother-in-law. I had been thinking 

all day of John Cook. 

Tuesday, 1st October. Mr. Harold Owen and 
others to lunch. 

Presided at a crowded meeting of citizens at Guild- 
hall, at 3, in support of a scheme for preserving 
Crosby Hall. 

Wednesday, 2nd October. Opened the new Garden 
Suburb at 12 in state. The Sheriffs, Lord Chichester, 


Mr. Vivian, M.P., Mr. Nield, M.P., the Rev. Canon 
Barnett, and many others, were present. We planted 
trees and made speeches. I was presented with a 
silver key, and opened with it the first cottage. I 
think the movement will be a great success. 

Gave a luncheon-party at 2 at the Mansion House 
to a large party, and afterwards opened the new wing 
of the City Guilds Technical College at Leonard Street, 
Finsbury, at 3.30. Amongst the guests and those 
present were Lord Halsbury, Mr. A. F. Yarrow, 
Mr. R. C. Palmer, Mr. L. B. Sebastian, the Sheriffs, 
Mr. C. A. Hanson, the Mayor of Winnipeg, Professor 
Sylvanus Thompson, Sir A. Kennedy, Sir John 
Wolfe Barry, Sir Edward Clarke, K.C., and Sir 
Walter Prideaux, Clerk of the Goldsmiths' Company. 
Dined at the German Officers' Club at Oddenino's 
in Regent Street . Baron Campbell Laurentz presided, 
and the guests included the Earl of Kilmorey, 
Prince Stolberg Wernigerode, Baron von Newrath, Sir 
William Dunn, and Colonel Ker-Fox. The Chairman 
proposed my health, and in the course of his speech 
he said: "Almost every German of good family con- 
sidered it his duty to visit foreign countries. A year 
in France and a year in England was indispensable; 
that meant to London an influx of from fifty to eighty 
German officers, who came over to learn, principally 
in the great banking institutions and other large or 
small firms. Thus it happened that he could intro- 
duce the Lord Mayor that night to the flower of 
Germany's youth, sent every year to London, the 
greatest commercial centre of the world, to kneel and 
learn, and then to return home, and hand down to 
coming generations the lessons learnt in London." 
One of the officers, who was in business here as a 


wine-merchant, told me that he had been for some 
five or six years living at Burnham-on-Crouch, where 
he kept a small yacht, and that he believed he knew 
our coast and its many inlets round about the Nore 
better than most of our pilots did. 

Thursday, 3rd October. Court of Common Council 
at i . Mr. Matthew Wallace moved, and Mr. Pannell 
seconded, a reference to Finance Committee, which 
was carried unanimously, to consider and report as to 
giving me a further grant for my Fund. 

Attended Ladies' Committee Cripples' Fund at 4. 

Dined with the Lodge of Verity at Imperial Res- 
taurant, Mr. Richard Davies, C.C., Master. 

Friday, 4th October. Went to Alton by motor at 9. 

Saturday, 5th October. Mr. and Mrs. Ganthony, 
Mr. Nevell, and others, to lunch. 

Presided at the annual dinner of the Dickens 
Fellowship at the Holborn Restaurant. Mr. Percy 
Fitzgerald made a very appreciative speech on 

I remember in my early married life I used to take 
my wife whenever I could to hear the novelist give 
a reading from one or other of his novels. Once when 
he read, for the first time, the scene of Nancy's murder 
by Bill Sikes, a gentleman rose in the stalls and 
declaimed against Dickens for daring to read this 
scene before ladies. He was hissed and turned out. 
I was told afterwards that Dickens had himself 
arranged for the protest to be made, having doubts 
as to how the scene would be received. 

I used in those days to read to my wife all Dickens' 
novels in fact, I have read some of them to her more 
than once. We had many a laugh and many a cry 
over the books of Charles Dickens. 



October. SOT ember, and December 1907. 




3 1st 











Kama s 
























Sunday, 6th October. Received the President 
(M. Andre Lefevre), the Syndic (M. Bellan, C.V.O.), 
and some sixty members of the Paris Municipal 

Monday, 7th October. Went with the French 
Councillors for a trip on the Thames Conservancy 
steamer, after they had paid a visit to Billingsgate 
Market. Stopped to visit Deptford Market. Dis- 
embarked at Woolwich, drove, via Blackwall Tunnel, 
to De Keyser's, where all the party are our guests 
during their stay. 

Presided at Guildhall at a banquet to the Paris 
Councillors, the French Ambassador proposing my 

Tuesday, 8th October. To-day I went with our 
Paris friends to visit the Tower Bridge and the 
Tower of London. Mr. Deputy Algar, Chairman of 
the Bridge House Estates Committee, chaperoned us 
over and under the bridge and its mysteries. At the 
postern gate at the foot of the bridge we were admitted 
to the grounds of the Tower, Lieut .-General Sir Bryan 
Milman, Major of the Tower and General Sir Hugh 
Gough, V.C., Keeper of the Crown Jewels, received us, 
and then in groups of twelve we were shown the sights. 

We then drove to the Mansion House, where I gave 
a luncheon to a very distinguished company, including 
the French Ambassador and Lord Fitzmaurice. 
257 guests. 

Presided at a banquet to our Paris friends at De 
Keyser's Hotel; afterwards we all went to the Palace 

Wednesday, 9th October. W T ent with our friends 
to visit the Central Criminal Court and the Central 
Cattle Market. 


Afterwards attended a luncheon given in honour 
of the French visitors by Mr. Percy Harris, Chairman 
of the London County Council, at the Gaiety Res- 

To-night the French visitors dine with the French 
Chamber of Commerce. Through the Syndic the 
Paris Councillors presented me with 200 for my Fund. 

Thursday, 10th October. I went in state to De 
Keyser's at 9 a.m., to bid farewell to our French 
guests, who left this morning. 

A banquet at the Mansion House to the Worshipful 
Company of Fruiterers and the General Purposes 
Committee 250 guests amongst whom were Mr. 
Alfred Bull, Master of the Fruiterers; Mr. W. H. 
Pitman, Chairman of the General Purposes Commitee ; 
Sir Trevor Lawrence, Bt., Sir Thomas Elliott, Sir 
Edward Clarke, K.C., and Lord Blyth. Previous to 
the dinner a presentation of fruit was made to me, in 
accordance with ancient custom, by Mr. Alfred Bull. 
The fruit, which I sent to hospitals, was very fine, 
consisting of pineapples, grapes, melons, peaches, 
nectarines, and apricots, all home-grown. 238 

Friday, llth October. Visited the Dairy Show at 
the Agricultural Hall at Islington, with my daughter, 
and the Sheriffs and their wives. 

Miss Treloar presented the prizes to the winners 
in the butter-making competition. 

Distributed prizes at the Mansion House to the City 
School Boys' Shooting Club, of which Lord Roberts is 
Chairman, at 4.30. 

Attended a performance at the Balham Theatre, 
accompanied by Mr. Sheriff Wakefield, in aid of my 


Saturday, 12th October. Went to Central Criminal 
Court at 10.30 to meet the Judges to arrange and 
settle dates for holding the Sessions for next year. 

Sunday, 13th October. Attended church parade 
of the Royal Fusilier Brigade at St. Paul's Cathedral, 
with the Sheriffs. Afterwards appeared on the 
balcony at the Mansion House to see the brigade 
march past and take the salute. 

Monday, 14th October. Attended in state (why 
not in bathing costume ?) the Westminster Swimming 
baths, to open the swimming competition of the pupils 
in the Metropolitan Poor Law Schools, 2.45. 

Presided at the Mansion House at a meeting in 
support of the work of the men's committee of the 
London Diocesan Council for Preventive Rescue and 
Penitentiary Work. Mr. Percy Taylor, secretary of 
the Council, stated that about a month ago he sent 
out ninety letters to the clergy and others of the City 
of London asking what they could do to assure the 
success of the meeting. He did not get a single reply. 
When he found such apathy on the part of the clergy, 
it behoved someone, in the Name of God, to take up 
the cudgels and do the work they were paid to do. 
The Bishop of Stepney, in reply, said we must not 
measure the keenness of the people, clergy or lay, by 
their readiness to answer letters. He was sure that 
all the clergy of London would do all they could, if 
they had the chance, to help or strengthen any boy 
or man. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Framework 
Knitters at Haberdashers' Hall. Mr. Robert Rowley, 
of Leicester, the Master, presiding. He presented a 
Past Master's Jewel or Badge to Mr. Deputy Baddeley, 
the late Master of the Company. 


Tuesday, 15th October. Opened a meeting at 
Guildhall, at 10, of the Women's Industrial Council. 
The Sheriffs accompanied me in state. Amongst 
those present were Mrs. George Cadbury, the Hon. 
Lily Montagu, and Mrs. Despard. One of the 
speakers Mrs. Graves raised a storm of hisses by 
saying that if they kept foreigners out of the country 
they could find more work for English men and 
women. It was the foreigners who reduced the 
wages. She was an Englishwoman (hisses, and 
cries of " Shame "). 

Wilson's Committee at 12.45. 

Court of Aldermen at i . 

Distributed the prizes at Aske-Hatcham Girls' 
School, New Cross, at 3. 

Presided at the Market Clerks' Provident Society's 
annual dinner at the Holborn Restaurant. 

Wednesday, 16th October. Sir M. and Lady Allan, 
Miss Cooper, and others, to lunch. 

Paid a visit, with the Sheriffs, in state to the 
Engineers and Machinery Exhibition at Olympia. 
Miss Margaret Cooper sang a song, " The House of 
Sunny Hours," in the cafe chantant there, which was 
specially written in aid of my Fund. Miss Cooper 
who has so greatly assisted my Fund, lunched with 
me at the Mansion House, and rode with me in my 
state coach to Olympia, which delighted her, and was 
very pleasant to me. 

The Lady Mayoress and I dined with Sir Joseph 
and Lady Dimsdale at 29, Sussex Square. 

Thursday, 17th October. Committee of the whole 
Court at 12.30. 

Court of Common Council at i . 

Meeting of the Empire Education Trustees, Mansion 
House, at 2.15. 


The Gramophone Company gave a concert in aid 
of my Fund at the Royal Albert Hall. They made no 
charge for any of the boxes or seats ; applications for 
tickets were to be made, and they would be supplied 
without charge. A collection was made at the 
concert, and the result was 500 to my Fund. 

The concert was very good, and the whole affair 
was admirably managed, and in every way most 
satisfactory. One of the items was a speech of mine 
made by gramophone, followed by a speech made by 
me personally. 

The Gramophone Company have been very good 
to me always, and I am very grateful. 

Friday, 18th October. Attended a concert in aid 
of my Fund at Queen's Hall, Langham Place, 3. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Painters 
at their hall, the Master, Mr. W. Hayward Pitman, 

Saturday, 19th October. A party of school-girls from 
Bethnal Green were shown over the Mansion House. 

The National Challenge Trophy and the Mackinnon 
Cup were received by me to-day from Major Porter 
and Lieut .-Colonel the Hon. T. F. Freemantle. 

At the invitation of Colonel W. R. Smith I pre- 
sented the Volunteer Ambulance Shield to the 
2nd Volunteer Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, afterwards 
entertaining the winning team at dinner. 56 guests. 

I entertained at a soiree 500 members of the London 
Cornish Association at the Mansion House. The Earl 
and Countess of Mount Edgcumbe, Lord and Lady 
Courtney, Sir E. Durning-Lawrence, and Sir William 
Dunn, were present, and a pleasant evening was 
spent. Lord Mount Edgcumbe proposed my health 
in a very kindly speech. 



From the "Punch" cartoon by John Leech. 

To face p. 


Monday, 21st October. Opened Central Criminal 
Court Sessions at 10. (Mr. Justice Lawrence; 
137 prisoners.) 

Attended the Colchester Oyster Feast, where there 
was a large party, including the Marquis of London- 
derry, the Duke of Marlborough, Mr. A. J. Balfour, 
the Marquis of Lansdowne, the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Lord Alverstone, the Hon. Whitelaw Reid, 
Admiral Sir John Fisher, Sir Oliver Lodge, Mr. Rud- 
yard Kipling, Sir Edward Carson, Sir Edward Clarke, 
and many others. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Paviors 
at the Great Eastern Hotel, Mr. Griffiths, Past 
Master, presiding. 

Tuesday, 22nd October. Received the Judge, Mr. 
JusticeA.T. Lawrence, at Central Criminal Court at 1 1 . 

Meeting of Committee of Hungarian Exhibition 
at Mansion House at 12. 

Meeting of Royal Society for Assistance of Dis- 
charged Prisoners at 3 . 

Attended performance at Hengler's Circus in aid 
of my Fund at 3.45. 

Presided at the annual dinner of the Newspapers 
Benevolent and Provident Institution at De Keyser's 
Hotel. Among the company present were Sir Charles 
W. Dilke, M.P., Sir Clifton and Lady Robinson, 
Sir Clarence Smith, Miss Marie Corelli, Mr. Lewis 
Coward, Sir Edward and Lady Letchworth, Mr. 
Frank Lloyd, Mr. Horace Cox, Mr. and Mrs. A. F. 
Waller, Mr. Alderman and Sheriff Burnett, Mr. Sheriff 
and Mrs. Wakefield. i ,650 was subscribed. 

Wednesday, 23rd October. Presided at Mansion 
House at a meeting of the Advisory Committee of 
the proposed Hungarian Exhibition at 1 1 .30. 



Members of the General Purposes Committee to 
lunch, i .30. 

Meeting in Egyptian Hall of the Committee for 
Church Extension in Plymouth and Devonport, at 
4 o'clock. The Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop 
of Exeter present. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Wheel- 
wrights at Armourers' and Brasiers' Hall; the Master, 
Mr. G. E. Cochrane, presiding. 

Went afterwards to the E.C. Postal District Tele- 
graph Messenger Institute, 8.30. 

Then to St. Bride's Institute conversazione and 

Thursday, 24th October. Opened a bazaar, St. 
Pancras Church (Lancing Street) School, at 3 o'clock. 
Attended in state a matine'e performance at Chelsea 
Palace, given by Mr. Henry Gros in aid of my Fund. 
Attended dinner of the Accounts Committee given 
in the old Council Chamber at Guildhall, Mr. W. Bull, 
Chairman, presiding, and made a presentation to Mr. 
Heilbuth, late Chairman. 

Went afterwards to the Trocadero to make a 
speech at the dinner of Mr. William B. Trick, Mayor 
of Stoke Newington. 

Friday, 25th October. Opened a conference meet- 
ing at Guildhall on town planning, at 1 1 o'clock. 
Eight Servians to lunch, i .30. 

Presided at the opening by Prince Arthur of Con- 
naught of a miniature rifle range at Lavington Street, 
Southwark, at 3 o'clock. 

As is usual, I gave a ball at the Mansion House to 
all the Lord Mayors, Mayors, Lord Provosts, and Pro- 
vosts of the kingdom who, like myself, have come to 
the end of their tether i.e., are going out of office 


in November. There were 959 guests, among whom 
were 219 English Mayors, 2 Irish Mayors, n Scotch 
Provosts, and 49 Town Clerks, and their ladies. 
Amongst them were the Lord Mayors of York, 
Bristol, Leeds, Newcastle, Sheffield, and Dublin; the 
Lord Provost of Dundee, the Master Cutler of Shef- 
field, the Chairman of the London County Council; 
and, as all the gentlemen wore full dress or uniform 
and their chains of office, the scene was a brilliant one. 
Dancing to the music of the string band of the Cold- 
stream Guards commenced at 9 o'clock. Supper was 
served in the old ballroom upstairs. 

Saturday, 26th October. A party of forty or fifty 
from Bow Band of Hope to be shown over the Mansion 
House in the afternoon. 

Distribution of prizes to students of the Guildhall 
School of Music at the Mansion House, at 3 o'clock. 

Attended Alexandra Palace Lodge (1,541) for the 
Installation by Sir Edward Letchworth of Mr. S. 
Kutnow, Trocadero Restaurant. 

Sunday, 27th October. Attended service at Primi- 
tive Methodist Church, Crisp Street, Poplar, at n. 
Offertory for my Fund. 

Monday, 28th October. The Freedom of the City 
was to-day presented to Lord Cromer. 

There was a very large and very distinguished com- 
pany in the Guildhall, which was packed to overflow- 
ing. A list of those present would contain the names 
of most of the statesmen and prominent members of 

After the proceedings were over, Lord and Lady 
Cromer came to luncheon at the Mansion House. 
About 300 guests were present; amongst them, Sir 
Edward Grey, Lord Crewe, Mr. Morley, Lord and Lady 


Bath, the Dowager Lady Bath and Lady Beatrice 
Thynne, Lord and Lady Granville, Lord and Lady 
Mount Edgcumbe, the Hon. Harry and Mrs. Lawson, 
Lord Goschen, Lord Milner, the Hon. Walter Roths- 
child, Lord and Lady Courtney, Sir William Dunn, 
Sir Edward and Lady Clarke, Sir Ernest and Miss 
Flower, Sir Vincent Caillard, Mr. and Mrs. Moberly 
Bell, and the Sheriffs and their ladies. There were no 

Went to the Grand Theatre, Forest Gate a per- 
formance in aid of my Fund, at 4 o'clock. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Musicians 
at Stationers' Hall, the Master, Sir Homewood Craw- 
ford, City Solicitor, presiding. Presented medals to 
the Master elect, Mr. C. T. D. Crewe, to Mr. Santley, 
and to Miss Frances Scarborough. 

There was an amusing incident at the meeting of 
the Court of Common Council to-day, where I pre- 
sided. Mr. Richard Davies drew the attention of the 
Court to the removal of the portrait of Nelson from 
the place it occupied in the Lobby, and asked by 
whose authority it had been removed. Neither the 
Chairman of the City Lands Committee nor the City 
Surveyor could answer the question. Mr. Temple, the 
Art Curator, was sent for, and he informed the Court 
that Nelson's portrait had been removed to make way 
for a portrait of me, which had quite lately been pre- 
sented to the Court. Mr. Davies moved that the 
matter be referred to the City Lands Committee, and 
I believe Lord Nelson came by his own again at once. 
If the portraits had been speaking likenesses one might 
have said how sorry he was, and the other, " What 
the devil does it matter ?" or, if he were quite an 
up-to-date admiral, " Sack the lot !" 


Tuesday, 29th October. Mrs. Harkness, Miss Marie 
Corelli, and others, to lunch, 1.30. 

Presided at a meeting at the Mansion House, re 
church work at Plumstead and Woolwich, the 
Rev. J. W. Morris, Rector, and General Sir Neville 
Lyttelton, with Lord Hugh Cecil and the Bishop of 
Southwark, being present. The meeting was held in 
connection with the Woolwich Ruridecanal Church 
Extension Association, and the support of the citizens 
of London was solicited. 

Attended the 79th Anniversary Festival Dinner of 
the Butchers' Charitable Institution at the Criterion, 
Mr. George Simpson presiding. Sheriff Wakefield 
was amongst the guests. The subscriptions exceeded 
1,800, and constituted a record. 

Wednesday, 30th October. Presided at the City 
of London School at a distribution of prizes to the 
girls who have gained distinction in their work. 
Unfortunately, the Lady Mayoress was not well 
enough to be present. My daughter took her place. 
The girls looked very pretty, all dressed in white, 
with white and scarlet ribbons. Mr. Ernest 
Lamb, M.P., the Chairman of the School Committee, 
and Mrs. Lamb, his mother, were present; as were 
Mrs. Sidgwick, Principal of Newnham College, the 
two Sheriffs, and many others. During the proceed- 
ings the girls sang a number of part songs. 

A meeting in Egyptian Hall of the Queen Victoria 
Clergy Fund, the Duke of Argyll in the Chair. 

Attended a concert at Cripplegate Institute in aid 
of my Fund, at 9 o'clock. 

Afterwards attended a ball at St. Marylebone, 
held at the Hotel Great Central in aid of my 


Thursday, 31st October. Court of Common Council 
at i . Lord Cromer came on the dais and took a 
seat on my left. He was much cheered, and I told 
him we were all pleased to see him. Lord Cromer 
simply thanked the members, and soon left. 

In accordance with ancient custom, this being the 
last meeting of the Court at which I shall preside, I 
made a short farewell speech to the members. I hoped 
that, although I was leaving the chair, I should for 
many years have their friendship. I referred to the 
fact that the Lord Mayor of London was not elected 
by the Court over which he presided, but by an entirely 
different body of men. My year of office had been an 
interesting and eventful one. First I had the honour 
of receiving the King and Queen at the opening of the 
new Sessions House. Other notable events during 
my year of office were the visits to the City of the 
King and Queen of Norway, the King and Queen of 
Denmark, Prince Fushimi of Japan, the seven 
Colonial Premiers, and the Paris Municipal Councillors. 
I also had the honour and pleasure of heading a 
deputation of members of the Court of Common 
Council to Berlin, where we had a delightful time. 
Moreover, I had been to Cornwall, where I received 
the Freedom of Helston, my father's native place, and 
of Truro, the capital city of the Duchy. I had 
received a similar honour from Bury St. Edmunds in 
East Anglia, and from Okehampton in Devonshire. 
I had been much favoured in being permitted to raise 
a large sum of money to benefit crippled children. 
They, as a Court, as well as individually, had assisted 
me by their sympathy and support, having voted 
1,000 guineas, and only recently Mr. Deputy Wallace 
and Mr. Deputy Pannell moved and seconded a 


proposition, which was unanimously carried, to give 
me in addition 100 a year in perpetuity. For all 
this I tendered my heartiest thanks, and I was sure 
they would all be glad to hear that before I left office 
I should have achieved my object. I was very proud 
that I had been able to use my position as Lord Mayor 
to help crippled children. The remaining years of my 
life would be devoted to the hospital I had founded, 
which I hopedto see conducted economically, honestly, 
and in the best interests of those for whom it had been 
founded. In conclusion, I was pleased to tell them 
that the Mayors of the twenty-eight Metropolitan 
boroughs had united together to invite me to a 
banquet, which I very much appreciated. 

Mr. Domoney, Chairman of the City Lands Com- 
mittee, congratulated me on behalf of the Court on a 
brilliant year of office, and on the success of the great 
object which was so dear to my heart. 

A concert given by " Ye Antient Society of Cogers," 
of which I am the President, was held in the Egyptian 
Hall in aid of my Cripples' Fund. Among the artistes 
were Mr. Santley, Mr. Guy Doeura, Madame Carmen 
de Oliveira Nery, Mrs. Henry J. Wood. Miss Ethel 
Bevans, Madame Sobrino, Mr. Lloyd Chandos, Mr. 
Ward Cowdery, Mile. Raymonde Amy, and Mr. 
Barclay Gammon. Mr. Santley sang " Ehi Capitano," 
and " Simon the Cellarer." Mr. H. Bartholomew and 
Mr. Tom Browne illustrated a souvenir programme. 

Afterwards I went to a reception given by the 
Mayor of Shoreditch, Mr. E. Taplis Pearce, in aid of 
my Fund. 

Friday, 1st November. Police Court Mission 
annual meeting, Mansion House, 3 o'clock. 

A concert was held at the Mansion House at 


4 o'clock in aid of my Fund, at which a number of 
distinguished artistes took part. Madame Sarah 
Bernhardt recited "La France du Timballier"; 
Sir Charles Wyndham recited " The man who had 
his hair cut." Mr. Maurice Farkoa, Miss Mary Moore, 
Mr. Harry Dearth, Mr. Hayden Coffin, Mr. J. N. 
Maskelyne, Mr. David Devant and Sister Dora, 
Mr. Wilhelm Ganz, Mr. Denis O 'Sullivan, Signer Carpi, 
Mile. Lalla Miranda, all did their best, and made up 
a unique and charming entertainment. 

Dined with the Imperial Industries Club at De 
Keyser's Hotel. Sir George Truscott, the President, 
was in the chair, and a very large and influential 
company took part. A presentation on behalf of 
the Club was made by the Chairman to Sir George 
Hayter Chubb, the late President. Lord Jersey 
handed me a cheque for 25 as a contribution from 
the Club to my Fund. 

Saturday, 2nd November. Attended, at Steinway 
Hall, Miss Berwick's recital in aid of my Fund, at 3. 

Dined with the Hospital Officers' Association at the 
Gaiety Restaurant. Mr. Thomas Ryan, Secretary 
of St. Mary's Hospital, President of the Association, 
was in the chair. 

After dinner, at 10, or thereabout, I drove to 
" Wonderland," in Whitechapel, to see some boxing 
at this the well-known centre of pugilism in the East 
End of London. Some of my friends urged me not 
to go; all of them begged me not to wear my badge. 
Sir William Dunn and Sir Ernest Flower accompanied 
me, and a strong detachment of police was on duty 
outside the hall. I took my badge and brought it 
safely home again, and a cheque for 50 for my Fund. 

I made a speech to about 3,000 very rough-looking 


young men ; they seemed very cheerful and happy, and 
very sympathetic. As I walked through the crowd 
of these men, inside the building, one of them said : 
" God bless you, governor; you're a fair old knock- 
out !" 

Sunday, 3rd November. Went to the City Temple 
in state at 1 1 , where the Rev. R. J. Campbell allowed 
me to make an appeal from the pulpit. There was an 
enormous congregation. Women shed tears and 
men applauded. Mr. Campbell said to the congre- 
gation: " I don't mind your breaches of decorum this 
morning. I wanted to join with you a little while 

I told my audience that I hoped in the early spring 
to have one or two hundred crippled children at Alton, 
to commence, the work there to which I intended to 
devote the remaining years of my life. After I had 
made my appeal, the Rev. R. J. Campbell followed 
with an appropriate address on the text, " It is not 
the will of your Father which is in Heaven that one 
of these little ones should perish." The collection 
amounted to 1 1 1 . 

Went in the evening to a concert given by the 
National Sunday League at the Alhambra, when I 
made an appeal from the stage for my Fund. The 
Harrogate Municipal Orchestra, with Mr. Julian 
Clifford as conductor, and Mr. John Bridge as princi- 
pal violin, were in good form. The singing of the 
Hon. Mrs. Julian Clifford, Miss Alice Laken, and Mr. 
Ivor Foster, was much appreciated. 

Monday, 4th November. Went with the Sheriffs in 
state at 1 2 o'clock to the funeral service held in the 
Church of St. Botolph, Aldersgate, to the memory of 
the late Sir Joseph Renals, who was Alderman of the 


Ward of Aldersgate. There was a large congregation, 
the service being conducted by the Rev. C. O. Becker 
M.A., the Vicar, assisted by the Rev. J. S. Barras, 
Rector of St. Lawrence, Jewry. 

Presided at the Mansion House at the annual meet- 
ing of the Mansion House Council on Dwellings of the 
Poor, at 3 o'clock. 

I was entertained by the twenty-eight Mayors of 
the Metropolis at a dinner at De Keyser's Hotel; 
the Mayor of Westminister, Mr. G. W. Tallents, 
presiding, who truly said the occasion was exceptional 
in fact, unique; all the Metropolitan Mayors had, 
as the Chairman said, conspired together to do honour 
to the Lord Mayor. They were all present with their 
ladies except the Mayor of Wandsworth, who was 
represented by his son. As the Chairman said, the 
twenty-eight Mayors of London had never before 
been unanimous in agreeing to do honour to any parti- 
cular person. I regret that my wife was not well 
enough to be present; she was toasted. My daughter 
made her first after-dinner speech in response to this 

I think it will be for the benefit of the City and for 
Municipal government if the Corporation and the 
Metropolitan boroughs stand together as much as 
possible on all Municipal matters, and I hope that 
future Lord Mayors will do all they can to foster 
and encourage a feeling of friendship with their 
Metropolitan brethren. 

Went afterwards to a concert given by the United 
Wards Club at Cannon Street Hotel in aid of my Fund. 

Tuesday, 5th November. Meeting of Trustees of 
City Imperial Volunteers, Mansion House, 10 o'clock. 

The Lady Mayoress held her last reception at the 


Mansion House, at 3 to 6 o'clock. The members of 
the Corporation attended, and presented her with a 
diamond and ruby ring, for which they had subscribed 
amongst themselves as a mark of their respect and 
esteem. Mr. J. W. Domoney, Chairman of the City 
Lands Committee, made the presentation in a very 
sympathetic and manly speech, for which, on behalf 
of my wife, I sincerely thanked him. I have a feeling 
of deep gratitude to all my colleagues, for love, 
honour, and troops of friends are what everyone must 
be proud of; and I really believe that the members 
of the Court of Common Council have, on the whole, 
a friendly and sympathetic feeling towards me and 
my charity. 

Went, accompanied by the Sheriffs, in state to the 
Queen's Palace of Varieties, Poplar, to a concert in 
aid of my Fund. The Mayor of Poplar (Councillor 
F. Thorn) and Mr. Abrahams, the proprietor of the 
theatre, received us. I went on the stage with the 
Mayor, where we made speeches. His speech was the 
best, because he had 30 and a promise of more to 
give me. 

Dined with the Mayor of Finsbury (the Rev. Pre- 
bendary C. H. Perry) at De Keyser's Hotel, where I 
had the pleasure to announce that I had that day 
written to the King to tell His Majesty that the 
amount of my Fund exceeded 60,000, which was 
the sum I had asked for. The success has been 
mainly due to the support I have received, first and 
foremost, from Queen Alexandra, and then from the 
twenty -eight Metropolitan Mayors. The Mayor 
handed me a cheque for 274 collected by him in 
Finsbury. The Ma}rors of Westminster, Chelsea, 
Deptford, Fulham, Hackney, Holborn, Islington, 


Marylebone, and Stoke Newington, the Sheriffs, and 
many others, were present. 

Wednesday, 6th November. Received at Mansion 
House a deputation of the Hungarian Society at 10.30. 

Attended a meeting of the Executive Committee of 
the Royal Patriotic Fund at 1 7, Waterloo Place, 1 1 .30. 

Presided at a meeting at the Mansion House re 
University College of North Wales, 3. Lord Kenyon, 
the President, read a letter from His Royal Highness 
the Prince of W T ales, who sent a cheque for 100. 
Other subscriptions announced were : 5,000 from the 
Drapers' Company, 3,000 from Mr. Pritchard Jones, 
and 1,000 from Mr. Owen Owen. 

Dined with the Worshipful Company of Cloth- 
workers at their hall, the Master, Mr. Deputy 
F. Farnan, presiding. Afterwards went to the dinner 
of Mr. Robert D. Hilton at the Holborn Restaurant to 
receive a cheque for my Fund. 

Thursday, 7th November. Attended in state a 
matinee at the Palace Theatre of Varieties at Stoke 
Newington, which the Mayor (Alderman W. B. Trick) 
had organised, with the assistance of Mr. Alderman 
Turner (Hon. Secretary), in aid of my Fund. Leading 
artistes of London took part, including Mr. George 
Robey, Miss Maud Santley, Mr. Edmund Payne, Miss 
Margaret Cooper, Miss Gertie Millar, and many others. 
The proceeds were estimated at 260. 

There was also a matinee at Shoreditch, given by 
Mr. Walter Gibbons, which brought me over 100. 

Dined with the Gresham Committee at the Hotel 
Cecil, the Chairman, Mr. Deputy F. Farnan, presiding. 

Friday, 8th November. Luncheon at the Mansion 
House, given by the Lord Mayor and the Lord Mayor 
elect. 169 guests. 


Afterwards to Guildhall, where the ceremony of 
admitting my successor, Sir John Bell, was performed, 
and I went back to the Mansion House no longer 
Lord Mayor. 

But still I had two more functions to attend, where 
by courtesy I was still " Lord Mayor." 

First I went to a matinee performance at the 
Shakespeare Theatre at Clapham in aid of my Fund. 
Madame Sarah Bernhardt and her French company 
appeared in Adrienne Lecouvreur. Miss Lena Ashwell 
read an address to Madame Sarah Bernhardt, for which 
the great comedienne promptly kissed her. 

The Mayor of Battersea (Councillor J. H. Browne) 
was present; so was Councillor A. Shirley Benn, 
Dr. McManus, and others. I was afterwards called 
upon to speak. 1 expressed my regret that no one 
had kissed me, and pointed out that I was an actor- 
manager at the Theatre Royal, Mansion House, where 
I had just concluded a very successful twelve month's 
engagement, always taking the leading parts. 

No one responded to my appeal. I am evidently 
really out of office. My brilliant uniforms (liveries) 
will be discarded, and will by-and-by appear on the 
stage of some music hall or variety palace, being worn 
by the men who stick up the numbers at the side of 
the stage of the various items of performance, or they 
will be used by some dusky chieftain in far distant 
lands; my state carriages will get coats of paint of 
other colours, and be altered and hired by a Sheriff 
still to be elected. I am no longer " My Lord," 
unless Sir H. Campbell- Bannerman has been so 
impressed by my merit that he is going to write me 
another charming letter and offer me a peerage. 

I remember a very pleasant little incident which 

228 A 

occurred on the last day of my mayoralty. Just as I 
was prepared to leave the Mansion House, dressed in 
all my civic glory, I took up in my arms a little girl 
and kissed her. She was a granddaughter of our 
present learned Common Serjeant, Mr. Henry Fielding 
Dickens, K.C. She submitted with a good grace to 
my embrace, and then ran to her mother, saying: 
" Mummy, the Lord Mayor's Show kissed me." 

, \my.^^,^Mm/iS^ :ia s 


From the "Punch" cartoon by John Leech. 

To face p. 228 








Sir John Eyles, Bart., Richard Levett, Esq., 

Sir Robert Baylis, Bart., Sir Geo. Champion, Knt., 

Humphrey Parsons, Esq., Sir Robt. Godschall, Knt., 

Sir Francis Child, Knt., Robt. Willimott, Esq., 

John Barber, Esq., Danl. Lambert, Esq., 

Sir Willm. Billers, Knt., Sir Josh. Hankey, Knt., 

Sir Edwd. Bellamy; Knt., Robert Westley, Esq., 

Sir Jno. Williams, Knt., Sir Willm. Rous, Knt., 

Sir Jno. Thompson, Knt., Henry Marshall, Esq., 

Sir Jno. Barnard, Knt., Sir Josh. Eyles, Knt., 

Sir Harcourt Masters, Knt., Willm. Baker, Esq., 


Geo. Heathcote, Esq. 1 A1 , , ou . 

. , ]L, } Aldermen and Sheriffs. 

Sir Jno. Lequesne, Kt.J 

This treatise of the Habits to be worn and Ceremonial to be 
observed in the Office of Mayor is most humbly inscribed by 
their much obliged and 

most faithful humble Servant, 



October tjte 28th, 1739. 



September 29th. The Lord Mayor and Court of 
Aldermen, in Scarlet, attended by all the Officers, 
went to St. Lawrence Church, near Guildhall, and 
heard a sermon preached by Mr. Goodwin, Minister 
of Clapham, appointed by the Mayor. 

N.B. The Communion Service is only read upon 
this occasion; antiently the Mayor and Aldermen 
received the Sacrament this day. 

The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, etc., returned from 
Church and went directly into the Council Chamber, 
from whence (after a short stay) they went down into 
the Great Hall to the Hustings, where, after the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, Sheriffs, and other Officers were 

The Common Cryer proclaimed Silence, and directed 
all persons to be uncovered in the Hall, the Court was 
opened after the following manner : 

The Common Cryer repeating the following Pro- 
clamation after the Town Clerk, 

" You good Men of the Livery of the several 
Companies of this City, summoned to appear here 
this day for the Election of a fit and able person to be 
Lord Mayor of this city for the year ensuing, draw 

* Guildhall Library MSS., 15, 1 6. 

231 17 


near and give your attendance. God save the 
King 1" 

After which the custom is for the Recorder to rise 
from his seat on the right hand of the Lord Mayor, 
and, having first made his obeysance to the Lord 
Mayor, goes to the front of the Hustings and then 
makes his obeysance to the Commons ; then in a speech 
tells the Commons the occasion of their meeting at 
that time ; after the speech the Recorder, making his 
obeysance again, returns to his seat, and then the 
Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Recorder retired and 
went into the Outer Court, commonly called the 
Mayor's Court, when, after they were seated, the doors 
were shut and kept by the three Serjeants of the 

N.B. The Recorder being at Bath no Speech was 
made, but the Lord Mayor and Aldermen retired as 
above, and the doors shut as aforesaid. 

The Sheriffs, with the Common Cryer between them, 
advanced to the front of the Hustings attended by 
the Chamberlain, Town Clerk, and other the Guildhall 
Officers, when the Common Serjeant generally 
makes a short speech to the Commons; then the 
youngest Attorney of the Mayor's Court, who is 
Clerk of the Common Hall (ex officio], gives the names 
of those Aldermen who have served the office of 
Shrievalty to the Common Serjeant, who reads them 
to the Commons, and informs them that out of those 
they are to return two to the Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen for them to choose which of those two shall 
be Lord Mayor. 

Then they proceeded to the Election. The 
Common Serjeant dictating to the Common Cryer in 
this manner and he to the Common Hall. 


So many as you as will have Micajah Perry, Esq., 
Alderman and Haberdasher, to be Lord Mayor of 
this City for the year ensuing hold up your hands, 
and so on through the list of those Aldermen who are 
in nomination. Then the Common Serjeant, by 
direction of the Sheriffs, declared to the Commons 
that the Sheriffs were of opinion that their Election 
was fallen upon me, Micajah Perry, Esq., Alderman 
and Haberdasher, and Sir Thos. Lombe, Knt., 
Alderman and Mercer. Then the two Sheriffs, with 
the Common Serjeant between them, the Chamber- 
lain, and the rest of the Officers who stayed on the 
Hustings, with the Common Cryer (his Mace on his 
shoulder), descended the Hustings and went up to 
the Mayor's Court, where the Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen were sitting; so soon as they entered the 
doors were thrown open, and after three obeysances 
to the Court, the first at the Arch, the second in the 
middle, and the third at the barr (at the third rever- 
ence the Mayor pulls off his Hat), the Town Clerk 
goes into the Court and sits down, the Common 
Serjeant, at the barr between the Sheriffs, attended 
as before, reported the several Aldermen's names who 
had been put into nomination and on whom the 
Election fell. 

Then Mr. Common Serjeant and Town Clerk went 
down to the Arch, where a Table, Pens, Ink, and Paper 
stood for that purpose, and the Town Clerk, having 
wrote the names of the two Aldermen returned by 
the Commons and drew a line against each name 
(the Recorder sitting in a Chair placed for him, 
Common Serjeant standing on the right hand of the 
Town Clerk), every Alderman then present came down 
to the Table (beginning with the youngest) and 


declared which of the two they were for, and the 
Town Clerk crossed the line against the Alderman's 
name who was declared for, the Recorder and 
Common Serjeant overlooking that no mistake 
might be made in scoreing; then the Recorder goes 
up to his Seat in Court on the right hand of the Lord 
Mayor, and the Town Clerk went up to his Lordship 
to know which of the two his Lordship was for 
(the Common Serjeant also going to his seat), that 
both the Recorder and he could hear his Lordship's 
vote and see it marked. 

N.B. The Recorder not being present it was per- 
formed by the Common Serjeant and Town Clerk. 

After his Lordship had voted the Town Clerk 
delivered the scrutiny paper to the Common Serjeant, 
who went down again to the barr, and declared on 
taking the scrutiny there appeared to be 2 1 Aldermen 
for Micajah Perry, Esq., and i for Sir Thos. Lombe. 

The Sword Bearer then placed me at the Mayor's 
left hand, when I received the Compliment of every 
Gentleman of the Court, and also of the Officers. 

I then addressed myself to the Court in a short 
speech. The Court then went down to the Hustings. 
I walked abreast with the Mayor, on his left hand; 
my train was supported. The Common Serjeant 
(in the absence of the Recorder) declared the Election. 
I was taken out by the Recorder and had the Chain 
put upon me, and then I returned my thanks to the 
Common Hall in a short speech, as usual. 

The Lord Mayor did the same, and the Court 

The Lord Mayor carried me home in his Coach, 
attended by the Sheriffs and Officers. 

N.B. This day the Scarlet Gown is worn, and 


antiently there was a Cloak, but that is now 

Several of the Aldermen did me the honour to sup 
with me this evening; the entertainment is always 

I did not appear any where by reason of my Wife's 
death till the 2oth Octr. 

October 20th. The Lord Chancellour appointed 
that evening to be attended by two Aldermen and 
the Deputy Recorder and myself, which I accord- 
ingly did in Violet Gowns. The Deputy Recorder 
made the usual speech upon presenting me, which 
the Lord Chancellour returned. His Lordship 
received us in state with all his Officers, and the 
Purse carried before him. 

N.B. This is usually done in the day, and many 
Aldermen, attended by the Common Hunt, with 
the extraordinary Officers and such of the Officers 
of Guildhall as are at liberty who are invited and 
dine with the Mayor ; but his Lordship shewed me an 
indulgence upon my then affliction. 

October 28th. The Aldermen below the Chair, 
with 1 6 of the Court of Assistants of the Haber- 
dashers' Compy., attended me at Haberdashers' 
Hall, where Roast Beef and Burnt Wine was provided, 
according to custom. We then proceeded to Guild- 
hall (upon notice given that the Lord Mayor was 
come) preceded by the Company, the Juniors walking 
first; and I was supported to the Coach and after- 
wards into the Hall and up to the Council Chamber 
by the two senior Aldermen present. 

A Court was held, when I took the left hand of the 
Chair. The Violet Gown is worn, and the chain 
hanging longways. 


After the common business of the day was done, 
Mr. Alderman Barber moved to return the Mayor 
the thanks of the Court for his prudent and wise 
conduct during the course of the year which was 

N.B. This is usually done by the Recorder or 
Senior Alderman present. 

The Mayor returned his thanks to the Court in a 
short speech, and then delivered me up the Chair, 
which, after a customary address bespeaking their 
advice and assistance, I returned again. 

We then went down to the Court of Hustings. I 
walked abreast of the Mayor, on his left hand. After 
we had taken our seats, mine at the left hand of the 
Chair, I was sworn into the Office in the following 
manner : 

On the right hand of the Hustings stood the 
Haberdashers' Company (of which I was a Member), 
and the Grocers' Company, of which the Lord Mayor 
was a member, on the left. 

The City Officers ranged themselves on both sides 
according to their rank. Silence was proclaimed, and 
the people ordered to be uncovered. 

The Common Cryer, from the right-hand side of the 
Hustings, with the Mace upon his shoulder, made 
three reverences, and came to the table set there for 
that purpose, where, grounding his Mace, he held the 
New Testament for me. 

The Town Clerk, from the same quarter, made three 
reverences, and upon his knee administered to me the 
Oath of Office and those to the government, and I 
subscribed to them, as also to the declaration about 
transubstantiation . 

The Mayor delivered me the Chair. 


Then the Regalia was delivered me in the following 
manner : 

The Chamberlain, from the left-hand side of the 
Hustings, made three reverences, and on -his knees 
delivered to the late Lord Mayor the City Septer, 
which he delivered to me, and I laid it on the 

He delivered the Purse and the Seal separately in 
the same manner and form. 

The Sword Bearer, from the same side, delivered 
the Sword in the same form with the Chamberlain, 
which I returned to him. 

Then the first Clerk of the Chamber came in the 
same form, and I delivered him back the Regalia, he 
receiving them on his knees. 

We then proceeded to the Coach. I walked on the 
right hand of the late Mayor, who sat me down at the 
Hall, preceded by both the Companies and Musick, 
and followed by the Aldermen and principal Officers. 

I entertained the Aldermen below the Chair, the 
Junior Sheriff, some of the Gentlemen of Guildhall, 
and my Company. The Common Cryer attended me 
at Dinner and all that day. 

The Aldermen go to the Old Lord Mayor's about 
8 at night, and about 9 at night the Chamberlain 
brought me the Plate and Swords, for which I signed 
an Indenture. 

October 29th. This day was Sunday, so we did not 
go to Westminster till the next day. 

The Aldermen (20 in number), with the Sheriffs, etc., 
met me at Guildhall, and after Breakfast We set out 
in my State coach for the 3 Cranes, preceded by my 
Company with their old men (44 in number, I being 
so many years old) and their Streamers, etc. I was 


dressed in the Scarlet Gown and Velvet Hood, with 
the Collar of SS, Pearl Sword, Cap of Maintenance, 
and the Mace, Myself and Servants in deep mourning, 
my State Coach not, but my Private Coach was in 
mourning. We took water, and landed at West- 
minster Bridge attended by the several Companies in 
their Barges, and saluted from the several Wharf es 
with Guns as We passed by. We were received at 
landing by the City Grenadiers, who ushered us first 
into a room, where we refreshed ourselves with W T ine 
and Savoy Biscuits, and then to the Hall Gate, 
where we saluted the several Courts. We were pre- 
ceded by my Company and all the Officers of the 
City, walking two abreast, according to their 

N.B. Antiently within my memory all the Com- 
panies landed at Westminster and lined the Hall for 
the Mayor to walk through, but now only the Tallow 
Chandlers' Company do it. 

We proceeded up to the Exchequer Barr, which we 
approached with three reverences ; then the Recorder, 
Myself standing uncovered on his right hand, the late 
Lord Mayor on his left, made his speech, which the 
Chief Baron answered as usual. 

After that I took the Oath of Office. 
Proper Warrants of Attorney were filed. The late 
Lord Mayor took two Oaths viz., One as Gauger, 
and the other as Escheator to account with the Crown. 
The Barons were invited to Dinner. 
We proceeded down to the King's Bench and 
Common Please Court, and filed Warrants of Attorney, 
and invited the Judges to Dinner. 

N.B. The Lord Chancellour usually sits in his 
Court, to whom we pay the first Compliment, and give 


his Lordship an invitation, but this being the King's 
Birthday he was absent. 

From thence we returned in the same manner by 
Water to Blackfryers. At our going off from 
Westminster Bridge the Grenadiers discharged a volley, 
and so again upon our landing at Black Fryers. 

From thence we proceeded to Guildhall in pro- 
cession, of which I can give no account but that my 
own Company and the Artillery Company marched 
all the way before me. 

We dined in State. 

N.B. Upon my coming to Guildhall I went into 
the Old Council Chamber, put off the Scarlet Robe, 
and put on the Entertaining Gown. 

November 5th. Went to St. Paul's, preceded by 
the City Trumpets and attended by the Sheriffs, in 
Scarlet and Collar of SS. 

14th. Went to Court of Aldermen as usual in 
Violet. Prayers at Guildhall Chapel every Court 
day throughout the year; as also Family Prayers 
every Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday at 10 o'clock 
in the morning. 

N.B. The Sheriffs attend every day when I go 
out, in their Gowns, and their Officers, and follow 
me to Guildhall, when I salute them as they pass by 
in their Chariots. 

16th. Held a Court of Common Council. Violet. 

19th. Went to St. Paul's. 

21st. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

26th. Went to St. Paul's. 

28th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

30th. Entertained the Judges and Council. 
Received them in the Entertaining Gown, and dined 
in state. 


December 1st. Held a Court of Aldermen and 
Common Council. In Violet. 

3rd. Went to St. Paul's. 

4th. Went to Guildhall, and held a Sessions of 

5th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

6th. Sessions at the Old Bayley, held till Saturday. 

N.B. I never went to St. Paul's the Sunday after 
Sessions Week. 

llth. Adjourned Sessions of Peace. Not present, 
being in the Country. 

12th. Held a Court of Hustings at Guildhall. 

N.B. A Court of this kind had not been held for 
many years. I sat in the Court, with the Recorder 
at my right hand, the Officers of the Court below, 
the Council on each side. A Jury was empannelled, 
and an Issue at law was tried, the particulars of which 
I have directed to be entered in the Books of that 
Court. Afterwards held a Court of Aldermen. 

The Fruiterers' Company attended me this morning 
with the usual present of Baskets of Fruit. I 
entertained them with a cold breakfast. 

13th. An Adjourned Sessions of Peace at Guild- 

14th. The Elders and Ministers of the Dutch 
and French Church attended me, and by one of their 
Ministers paid me the usual Compliment, and desired 
my Protection, which I returned. They presented 
me with two silver Flagons, One from each Church. 
I received them in the Entertaining Gown, and 
dined in State. 

N.B. This Custom has been disused ever since 
Sir Peter Delme's time, but I revived it. 


December 17th. Went to St. Paul's. Violet. 

18th. An Adjourned Sessions of the Peace and 

21st. Held my own Wardmote in Scarlet. No 

23rd. Went a begging with the Sheriffs through 
the several Markets for the several Prisons. Violet.* 

The House broke up till Wednesday. 

January 3rd. Held a Wardmote in the Sheriff's 
Court, Guildhall, for the Election of an Alderman 
of the Ward of Cheap in the room of Sir Robert 
Cater, deceased. They proceeded, at my desire, to 
Poll directly without holding up of hands. Sir 
Joseph Eyles and Richard Hoare, Esq., were Candi- 
dates. The former was declared by the majority 
of One Vote. A Scrutiny was demanded on behalf 
of Mr. Hoare, which is to begin on Monday the 22nd 
inst. The Sheriffs attend me. 

N.B. The Scarlet Gown is worn during the 12 

Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace in Southwark. 

4th. Held a Wardmote at Girdlers' Hall for the 
Election of an Alderman of the Ward of Bassishaw, 
in the room of Sir Thomas Lombe, deceased, when 
Mr. Baker and Capt. Ellerton were Candidates. 
Mr. Baker declared upon the Poll. 

Entertained my Officers. At the second course 
I went down to them and drank to them in a loving 
Cup according to custom, and wished them a happy 

* " The Newspapers of 1721 refer to the revival of an ancient 
custom on the eve of great festivals of the Lord Mayors visiting 
the Markets in person to solicit contributions of provisions for the 
poor. It is said that his Lordship was very successful at this 
period." Malcolm's "Manners and Customs," vol. ii., par. 17. 


new year. They all attend that day. They gave 
me in a Bill for Winter Liveries to the following 
persons: To the Sword Bearer, 4; Three Carvers, 
each 2; Yeomen of the Waterside, 2 each; Sword 
Bearer's young man, i i6s. 8d. 

January 8th. Guildhall, to receive Inquest 
Presentments, and afterwards to the Mayor's Court 
and swore the several Constables and Scavangers. 
In Scarlet. 

9th. Held a Court of Aldermen. Violet. 

14th. Went to St. Lawrence Church to receive 
the Communion. Scarlet. The Minister and Church 
Wardens dined with me as usual. 

15th. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace. 

16th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

17th. Sessions at the Old Bayley; held till 

22nd. Begun the Scrutiny for Cheap Ward; held 
till Thursday noon. 

23rd. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

28th. Went to St. Paul's. Met the Judges. 
Scarlet, being first Sunday in Term. 

N.B. 9 Judges and 8 Serjeants dined with me. 
Dined in state. 

29th. Went to Guildhall. Declared Sir Joseph 
Eyles duly elected Alderman for Cheap Ward by a 
majority of 9 votes upon the Scrutiny. 

30th. Went to St. Paul's, in Black Gown without 
the Chain. 

February 4th. Went to St. Paul's. Violet. 

6th. Held a Court of Aldermen and an Adjourned 
Sessions of the Peace. 


8th. Held a Common Council, 
llth. Went to St. Paul's. 

13th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

16th. Went to Bow Church; heard a Sermon 
preached by the Bishop of Bristol before the Society 
for Propagating the Gospel . After invited the Bishops 
to dine with me. There were 9. Received them in 
the Entertaining Gown and dined in State. 

18th. Went to St. Paul's. 

19th. W r ent to Guildhall. Held a Sessions of 

20th. Held a Court of Aldermen and Common 
Council and Court of Husting. 

21st. Sessions at the Old Bayley ; held till Saturday 

March 1st. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

4th. W T ent to St. Paul's. 

N.B. There was no Court of Aldermen this week 
by my desire, I was so engaged in Parliament. 

llth. Went to St. Paul's. 

13th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

14th. Went to Guildhall, Licensed Victuallers. 

15th. Summoned a Court of Aldermen ; acquainted 
them with the Princess of Wales being delivered of 
a Son. Resolved to address the King and Prince 
upon the Occasion; desired the Recorder to make 
the Compliment, and that it might be confined to 
the particular occasion. 

Ordered the Sheriffs, attended by Mr. Remem- 
brancer, to wait upon the King and Prince, to know 
when they will be attended by this Court. 

Then held a Board of Lieutenancy. 

The Sheriffs returned; told me the King would be 


attended by the Court of Aldermen to-morrow at 
2 of the Clock at St. James's. The Prince would 
send me word when the Princess was well enough to 
receive us. 

16th. Summoned a Court of Aldermen to Guildhall 
to attend the King. The Recorder made the com- 
pliment. The Officers attended me on foot as far as 
Temple Bar, and then went in Coaches to St. James's. 
The Sword is elevated to the Palace, the Mace is 
carried before to the Guard Room, and then both 
Sword and Mace are left. The Lord Chamberlain 
receives us at the Door of the Presence Chamber. 
When he introduced us, I was in the middle, the Lord 
Chamberlain on my right, and the Recorder on my 
left. We approached the King after making three 
Reverences, each of which the King returned by 
pulling off his Hat. He was seated in a Chair of 
State surrounded by the Great Officers. The Duke 
stood on his left hand. The room was lined by the 
Band of Pensioners, and we had all the honour to 
kiss his hand. Scarlet. 

18th. Went to St. Paul's. Violet. 

20th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

21st. Held a Court of Common Council. Agreed 
to address the King and Prince. The Sheriffs were 
ordered up as before to know when the King would be 

22nd. Went up to the King with the Common 
Council, only two of the Aldermen attended. 
Received as before. In Scarlet. 

Went out of Town till Monday night. 

27th. Held a Court of Aldermen. Violet. 

28th. Went to Southwark. Held a Quarter 


29th. Held a Common Council. 

30th. Went to Putney in the City Barge, attended 
by the Aldermen and Officers. Held a Court of 
Conservancy there, then crossed the River to Fulham. 
Held a Court and dined there. 

April 1st. Went to St. Paul's. 

3rd. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

5th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy. 

8th. Went to St. Paul's. 

10th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

llth. Went to Stratford and Greenwich, and held 
Courts of Conservancy. 

15th. Went to St. Paul's. 

17th. Held a Court of Aldermen and \Court of 
Common Council to acquaint them with appointment 
made for receiving address. 

Nominated a Sheriff. 

18th. Went up to Norfolk House, attended as 
before. Introduced by the Marquis of Carnarvon, 
the Lord of the Bed Chamber in waiting. 

19th. Held a Court of Lieutenancy; chose Colonel 
Phillips Muster Master. 

20th. W 7 ent to St. Paul's at 3 o'clock in the after- 
noon, in Black Gown without the Chain, being 
Good Fry day. 

21st. W T ent through the Markets a begging, 
according to custom. 

23rd. Went to St. Bride's Church the three days, 
attended by several of the Aldermen, the Sheriffs, 
and the Officers of Guildhall, preceded by the Gover- 
nours and Charity Children of the several Hospitals; 
on Monday and Tuesday in Scarlet, with the collar 
of SS, Velvet hood and Regalia; on Wednesday, 
in the Violet Gown. The Sermons were preached, on 


Monday by Dr. Herring, Bishop of Bangor; on 
Tuesday, by Dr. Bolton, Dean of Carlisle; on 
Wednesday, by Dr. Lavington, one of the Residen- 
tiaries of St. Paul's. This last day the Children 
came to my Hall, and it has been usual of late 
to give them each a Role and a glass of White 

On the Tuesday I named a Sheriff. 

26th. Went out of Town till Sunday Evening, 
being Easter week. 

30th. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace. I 
wore a silk Gown for the remainder of the Summer, 
as did the Sheriffs. 

May 1st. Held a Court of Aldermen, and named 
a Sheriff. 

This day the Churchwardens of St. Bride's attended 
me, when I paid them 5 for the use of their Church, 
according to custom. 

2nd. Sessions at the Old Bayley ; held till Saturday 
night . 

8th. Held an adjourned Sessions of the Peace and 
Court of Aldermen. 

Named a Sheriff. 

13th. Went to St. Paul's. Met the Judges, 
being the first Sunday in Easter Term. In Scarlet. 

N.B. When the Judges dine with either Sheriff, 
as they did this time with the Senior, The Mayor 
stops his Coach at some convenient place and lets 
the Chief Justices and the Chief Baron pass 
him; he pays them a compliment, and then goes 

15th. Held a Court of Aldermen. Named a 

20th. Went to St. Paul's. 


22nd. Held an Adjourned Sessions of the Peace 
and Court of Aldermen. Named a Sheriff. 

This day the Water Bailiff brought me an account 
that a Sturgeon of 7 feet 4 inches long and 3 feet 
6 inches in circumference was taken near Chiswick, 
which I ordered to be presented to the King. 

24th. Another Sturgeon was taken near Lime- 
house, of 7 feet long and 3 feet in circumference, 
which I ordered to be presented to the Prince of Wales. 

27th. Went to Saint Paul's. 

28th. Held a Common Council. 

29th. Went to St. Paul's, preceded by the City 
Musick, in Scarlet and Collar of SS. Named a 

June 1st. Held a Commission of Land Tax, and 
swore in the Commissioners. 

3rd. Went to St. Paul's. 

5th. Held a Sessions of the Peace and Court of 
Aldermen. Named a Sheriff. 

6th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy. 

7th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till Saturday. 
Went from thence and held a Common Council this 

llth. Went to St. Paul's, preceded by the City 
Musick, in Scarlet and Collar of SS. 

The Artillery Company met me at St. Paul's, and 
marched before me through Cheapside and down 
King Street to my Hall. They were led by Col. 
Deacon. They drew, up before the Hall and fired 
three volleys One at the King's Health, One at the 
Prince and Princess of Wales', and the other at mine. 
I afterwards entertained the Officers with a cold 
dinner. I received them in the Entertaining Gown, 
and gave the Soldiers a Bottle of Wine between three. 



They after dinner drew up and saluted me as they 
passed by the Hall Gate. 

The House broke up till Monday, being Whitsun 

19th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

24th. Went to St. Paul's. Met the Judges, being 
the first Sunday in Trinity Term. Scarlet. 

By Act of Common Council, made the i 5th of June, 
1694, The Election of Sheriffs, Chamberlain, Bridge- 
masters, Auditors of this City and Bridge house 
accounts, and Ale Conners, in case Midsummer day- 
happen to fall on the Lord's day, commonly called 
Sunday, is appointed to be on the day next following ; 
and Midsummer day happening this year to fall on the 
Sunday, I issued Precepts to the Masters and Wardens 
of the several Livery Companies of this City to cause 
their respective Liveries to be summoned to meet at 
the Guildhall on Monday, the 25th of June, at 
9 o'clock in the morning, to make the said Elections; 
and a Court of Aldermen was summoned for the 
same time on that occasion. 

Accordingly, on Monday the 25th, I went to Guild- 
hall in my Violet Gown, attended by my Officers as 
usual, where I was met by several Aldermen in their 
Violet Gowns in the Council Chamber; and after a 
short stay there, Myself, the Aldermen, and Recorder, 
attended by the Guildhall Officers, went down into 
the Great Hall, when, being seated on the Hustings, 
the Common Hall was opened after the following 
manner (that is to say) : The Common Cryer, with 
his Mace, at the front of the Hustings, commanded 
Silence and the people to be uncovered in the Hall. 

Then the Common Cryer repeated the following 
Proclamation after the Town Clerk: " You good men 


of the Livery of the several Companies of this City, 
summoned to appear here this day for the Election 
of two fit and able persons to be Sheriffs of this City 
and County of Middlesex and other Officers for the 
year ensuing, draw near and give your attendance. 
God save the King 1" 

Then Mr. Recorder (according to custom) rose from 
his seat on my right hand, and having first made his 
obeysance to the Court, went to the front of the Hust- 
ings, and after another obeysance to the Commons, 
made a speech to them, wherein he declared the 
occasion of their meeting, and after the obeysances 
as before, returned to his seat. Then the Court of 
Aldermen and Recorder, with the Sword, retired up 
into the outer Court, commonly called the Mayor's 
Court, where, after we were seated, the outer doors 
were shut and kept by the 3 Serjeants of the Chamber. 

After we were retired the two Sheriffs, with the 
Common Serjeant between them, and attended by the 
Common Cryer with his Mace, and the Chamberlain, 
Town Clerk, and other of the Guildhall Officers, 
advanced to the front of the Hustings, when, after 
the youngest Attorney of the Mayor's Court (who is 
Clerk of the Common Hall ex officio) had given Mr. 
Common Serjeant a list of the names of the Aldermen 
and Commoners who were in nomination for Sheriffs, 
the Common Serjeant read them to the Commons, 
and informed them that out of those they were to 
choose two to be Sheriffs for the ensuing year. 

Then they proceeded to the Election, the Common 
Serjeant dictating to the Common Cryer, and he to 
the Common Hall, thus : " So many of you as will have 
George Heathcote, Esq., Alderman and Salter, to be 
one of the Sheriffs of this City and County of Middle- 


sex for the year ensuing, hold up your hands," and so 
on through the list of those Aldermen and Commons 
who were put in nomination. 

Then the Common Serjeant, by direction of the 
Sheriffs, declared their election for Sheriffs was fallen 
upon Robert Grosvenor (the Elder), Leatherseller, 
and William Townsend, Merchant Taylor. 

After which they proceeded in like manner to the 
Election of Chamberlain, Bridge masters, Ale Conners, 
and Auditors of the Chamber and Bridge house 
accounts. After all the Elections were declared to the 
Commons, the two Sheriffs, with the Common Serjeant 
between them, and attended by the Chamberlain, 
Town Clerk, and other the Guildhall Officers (who 
stayed on the Hustings), with the Common Cryer (his 
Mace on his shoulder), descended the Hustings and 
came up to the Mayor's Court, where I was sitting 
with the Aldermen and Recorder. So soon as they 
entered the doors were thrown open, and after three 
obeysances to the Court, the first at the Arch, the 
second in the middle, and the third at the barr 
at the third obeysance I put off my hat the 
Town Clerk went into Court and sat down, the 
Common Serjeant, between the Sheriffs at the barr, 
attended as above, reported the several Elections 
of Sheriffs, Chamberlain, etc., and on whom each 

After which the whole Court, attended as before, 
went down again into the Common Hall in the Hust- 
ings, and being seated as before, the Recorder soon 
rose from his seat, and after the usual obeysances, as 
before, went to the front of the Hustings, and declared 
to the Commons the several Elections as reported to 
the Court, which they confirmed. 


Then the Sheriffs elect were called out on the 
Hustings by the Common Cryer, the Town Clerk 
dictating to him as follows : 

" Robert Grosvenor (the Elder), Citizen and 
Leatherseller, and William Townsend, Citizen and 
Merchant Taylor, lately elected by the Commons of 
this City to be Sheriffs of this City and County 
of Middlesex for the year ensuing, come forth 
and declare your consent to take upon you the 
said office upon pain and peril that shall fall 

After that the Common Hall was dismissed in the 
usual form, and I and the Aldermen departed severally 
and went to our own homes. 

26th. Held a Court of Aldermen, when Robert 
Grosvenor and William Townsend, Esq., Sheriffs 
Elect, attended, and Grosvenor refused to execute the 
Bond or hold the Office, being a Protestant Dissenter, 
and Townsend swore off. Whereupon the Court 
ordered a Common Hall to be summoned for Tuesday, 
the 3rd of July, for the Election of two persons to 
be Sheriffs in their room. 

29th. Went to Southwark and held a Quarter 
Sessions of the Peace. 

July 1st. Went to Saint Paul's. 

3rd. -Went to Guildhall. Held a Court of Alder- 
men, and also a Common Hall for the Election of 
two fit and able persons to be Sheriffs in the room 
of Grosvenor and Townsend, when Mr. Alderman 
Heathcote and Sir John Lequeson were Elected and 
called out, and the same ceremonies performed as at 
the Election on the 2$th of June. 

5th. Held a Common Council. 

8th. Went to Saint Paul's. 


10th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

llth. Went in the City Barge up to Fulham, 
held a Court oftonservancy .there and at the Bowling 
Green House on Putney Heath, where we dined, 
attended by several of the Aldermen. 

13th. Entertained the Judges, being the first 
Sittings at Guildhall after Trinity Term. 

15th. Went to Saint Paul's. 

16th. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace at 

17th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

18th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till Fryday 

24th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

25th. \Vent to Stratford. Held a Court of Con- 
servancy; thence went to Blackwall, and so in the 
Barge to Greenwich. Held a Court, and dined at 
Grace Van Courts on Blackheath. The Ladies 
were there, and were carried in the City Barge 
and landed at Greenwich, from whence it went 
to Blackwall to meet us. Several Aldermen 

27th. Entertained the Master, Wardens, and 
Court of Assistants of the Haberdashers' Company. 
Received them in the Entertaining Gown, and dined 
in State. 

The House broke up this day till the 23rd August. 

August 23rd. Went to Guildhall, and thence to 
Smithfield to proclaim Bartholomew Fair. We stopt 
under Newgate, where the Keeper presented me with 
a cold tankard, according to custom. The Pro- 
clamation was read by the Attorney of the Mayor's 
Court in waiting (who sate in the Coach with me) 
in Cloth Fair, and repeated by one of the Sheriff's 


Officers. From thence we returned home by way of 
Bartholomew Close. 

The House adjourned till Monday, the 3rd of 

September 3rd. Being the day appointed by Act 
of Parliament to keep the Fire of London, when the 
2nd happens on Sunday as it did this year. Went 
to St. Paul's in Black Gown and no Chain, Black 

4th. Went to Guildhall, held a Sessions of the 
Peace and Court of Aldermen. 

6th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till 
Saturday . 

8th. Went from the Old Bayley to Guildhall- 
put on the Scarlet Gown and Collar of SS attended 
by all the Officers and City Trumpetts, and several 
Aldermen, to proclaim Southwark Fair, and Dined 
at the Bridge House. 

N.B. The Sword Bearer wears the Embroidered 
Cap, which is only worn on this day, and the Pearl 
Sword, and the Common Crier the Mace. 

llth. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

16th. Went to Saint Paul's. 

18th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

19th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy. 

21st. This day I should have gone to Christ's 
Hospital, but was taken ill, so that I did not go out. 

The occasion is this : 

The Lord Mayor goes there about 1 1 o'clock, into 
the great Hall, where the Presidents and Governors 
of the several Hospitals meet him. From thence they 
go to Christ's Church, preceded by the Children in 
their order, where, after a Sermon, they proceed 
to the Grammer School, where two of the Boys 


make Orations, One in Latin, the Other in English, 
in commemoration of their Benefactors; after which 
the Clerk of each Hospital delivers unto the Mayor 
a list of the several Governors nominated within the 
preceding year which ought to be delivered into the 
Court of Aldermen, and was antiently intended 
for their approbation ; but this has been of late years 

Then the several Beadles of each Hospital come in 
and lay down their Staves. The Mayor enquires of 
the City Marshalls after their conduct, and if they 
have been found faithful in the discharge of their 
respective offices he then directs them to take them 
up again. Violet. 

23rd. Did not go to Saint Paul's. 

25th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 

27th. Held a Board of Lieutenancy. Chose 
Mr. Henry Smart, Clerk to the Commissioners in 
his Father's Room. 

28th. Went to Guildhall. Received the new 
Sheriffs, who walked from Grocers' Hall, preceded 
by 1 6 of the Court of Assistants of the Salters' and 
Grocers' Companies, of which the Sheriffs are members. 
The Salters took the right hand, as Mr. Alderman 
Heathcote was the Senior Sheriff. They were each 
introduced by two Aldermen above the Chair as 
they were Aldermen; had they been Commoners 
they would have been supported by Two Aldermen 
below the Chair. We went down into the Hustings 
Court, when they were sworn into their office in the 
following manner : 

Myself and Aldermen being seated in our places, the 
Common Cryer first commanded Silence and the 
people to be uncovered in the Hall. 


Then the new Sheriffs were called out by the 
Common Cryer, the Town Clerk dictating to him as 
follows: " George Heathcote, Esq., Alderman and 
Salter, Sir John Lequesne, Knt., Alderman and 
Grocer, lately elected by the Commons of this 
City to be Sheriffs of the same City and County of 
Middlesex for the year ensuing, come forth and take 
upon you the said office on pain and peril that will 
fall thereon." 

Then the new elected Sheriffs came forth, and the 
Common Cryer with his Mace held the new Testament 
to them while the Town Clerk administered the Oath 
of Office to them (both he and they standing) ; then 
the Oaths of Allegiance, Supremacy, and Abjuration, 
with the declaration against transubstantiation, all 
which they subscribed. Then they presented Mr. 
Timothy Waldo to be their Under Sheriff of Middlesex, 
and the Town Clerk, sitting, administered to him the 
Oath of Office and the other Oaths and Declarations, 
he kneeling, and the Common Cryer holding the 
book to him. Then the Officers put the chains on 
the new Sheriffs. That done, We all left the 

The new Sheriffs, with the Aldermen and the 
Companies, together with the Chamberlain, Common 
Serjeant, Town Clerk, and as many of the Guildhall 
Officers as attended, went to Grocers' Hall, where they 
were all entertained at Dinner by the new Sheriffs, as 
usual on the like occasions. 

N.B. The Old Sheriffs attended me home, where 
a mutual Compliment was paid. Violet. 

This day I left off the Silk Gown. 

29th.~ Went to Guildhall, in Scarlet. The cere- 
mony of this day is already particularly set down, 


except that there was a Poll demanded for Sir George 
Champion, which was given up that evening, so that 
the Declaration was not made till the Tuesday 

30th. Went to Saint Paul's. 

October 1st. Went to Guildhall, in Scarlet, where 
the Sheriffs met, attended by their respective Com- 

We took water at the Three Cranes, and from thence 
proceeded to Westminster by Water. The two 
Companies landed first; then the Officers, after them 
the Aldermen, the Juniors first, who placed themselves 
in their rank upon the Bridge (and the same ceremony 
in other respects was observed upon the Aldermen 
landing as is mentioned at going up with the Sheriffs 
at page 238). I landed with the Sword and Mace, 
and walked thro' them; then they closed in according 
to their seniority. We proceeded to the Exchequer 
Chamber, from thence to the Exchequer Barr, the 
Companies lining the way. I walked abreast between 
the Sheriffs, the Recorder at my left hand, the Sword 
on my right, and the Mace on my left. I was covered. 
We made three reverences, at each of which the Baron 
pulled off his Hat, and I returned it. The Recorder 
then presented the Sheriffs to him in a short speech. 
Proper Warrants of Attorney were filed, and the late 
Sheriffs swore to account. Then the Senior Alderman 
below the Chair that was present cut some Twiggs 
for suit and service for some Lands, and the Officers 
of the Court told some Nails and Horse Shoes. 
The Baron was then invited to Dinner. I pulled off 
my Hat and paid him my Compliment. We then 
returned in the same order to Grocers' Hall to 


The Sheriffs take place on this day of all the 
Aldermen, and are in Scarlet, the Aldermen in 

October 2nd. Went to Guildhall. Received the 
report of the Sheriffs. Went into the Husting Court, 
and declared Sir John Salter, Knight, Lord Mayor, 
the particular manner before described. 
Held a Court of Aldermen. 

3rd. Held a Quarter Sessions of the Peace in 

7th. Went to St. Paul's. 
9th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 
llth. The Bishop of London came to Haber- 
dashers' Hall, when We distributed the King's Bounty 
of i ,000, with other money collected by virtue of His 
Majesty's Letter, dated the 2Oth February, 1738, 
among the several Poor Parishes within the City of 
London and Bills of Mortality. 

The Bishop afterwards dined with me. 
14th. Went to my own Parish Church (St. Mary 
Ax), without the Sheriffs, and in the Entertaining 
Gown. I was received at the Church Door by the 
Church Wardens with their Wands, the Organ playing 
and Bells ringing. 

15th. Went to Guildhall. Held a Quarter Sessions. 
16th. Held a Court of Aldermen. 
17th. Sessions at the Old Bayley held till Fryday 

23rd. Held a Court of Aldermen. 
I received a letter from the Duke of Newcastle, 
dated the ipth Inst., desiring my attendance, and 
that of the Aldermen and Sheriffs, upon the Declara- 
tion of War with .Spain. Upon enquiry I could not 
find any mention of a Procession of this kind, either 


in the Repertories, the Herald's Office, or Secretary's 
Office, but only in general that it was done, and that 
the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs attended, for 
which reason this Procession was not conducted in the 
regular manner it ought to have been done. To 
prevent, therefore, any such disorder in time to come 
I have here set down the order in which it ought to 
have been conducted. 

The Mayor, attended by the Aldermen and Sheriffs, 
in Scarlet, went from Guildhall to Temple Barr, 
preceded by the Constables of the several Wards 
through which the Procession was to pass. The Gate 
is shut, but upon notice of the Heralds or being come 
it is ordered to be opened; the procession then begins 
in the following order : 

A Party of the Horse Grenadiers. 

The Constables. 

Sheriffs' Officers. 

Lord Mayor's Officers. 

The Gentlemen of Guildhall, Juniors first. 

The Sheriffs. 

The Aldermen, the Juniors going first. 

The Lord Mayor immediately before the Heralds. 

The Procession is closed by a party of Life Guards. 

In this manner the Declaration was read at Chan- 
cery Lane end, at Wood Street end, and at the Royal 

N.B. As soon as the Gate was opened Blue 
Mantle Pursuivant presented me the last Marshall's 
Warrant for liberty of proclaiming War within the 

25th. Went to Guildhall. Held an Adjourned 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Violet. 

I afterwards put on the Scarlet Gown and went to 


Stocks Market, attended by several Gentlemen of 
the Committee appointed to erect a Mansion 
House for the Lord Mayor of this City, in their 
Gowns, preceded by the City Musick and my Officers, 
with the Sunday Sword and Mace, and laid the 
chief corner stone of the said Mansion House, and 
placed therein a copper plate with an inscrip- 
tion engraved thereon, and afterwards returned 

26th. Went to Guildhall. Held an Adjourned 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace. Violet. 

28th. The Aldermen above the Chair, with 16 
of the Court of Assistants of the Haberdashers' 
Company, attended me at Haberdashers' Hall, when 
Roast Beef and Burnt Wine was provided accord- 
ing to custom. We then went to Guildhall, where 
we met the Lord Mayor Elect, and from thence 
we proceeded to Guildhall Chappie, where (being 
Sunday) a Sermon was preached by The Revd. 
Mr. Abbot (appointed by me). We afterwards 
went up into the Council Chamber. The further 
ceremony of this day is already particularly set 

This day being Sunday there were no Ladies 
invited, and I only entertained the Aldermen above 
the Chair, the Officers of Guildhall, and the Haber- 
dashers' Company. 

The Officers, with the Sword Bearer, came when 
the Company were gone, and took their leave of me 
in a Body. The Sword Bearer delivered the Com- 



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